Hmong Birth Customs and Parenting Practices

Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD




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Liamputtong, Pranee. (2002). “Childrearing Practices and Child Health Among the Hmong in Australia: Implications
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Liamputtong, Pranee. (2002). “Infant Feeding Practices: The Case of Hmong Women in Australia.” Health Care for
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Yang, Kee. (2002). Hmong Parents’ Perception on the Hmong Parenting Practices. M.A. Thesis, California State
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University of Minnesota.

Bondioli, Christopher A. (2000). Hmong Parent Education and Involvement and Its Impact on Children: A
Correlational Study. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Rice, P.L. (2000). “Baby, souls, name and health: traditional customs for a newborn infant among the Hmong in
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Rice, P.L. (2000). “Death in birth: The cultural construction of stillbirth, neonatal death, and maternal death among
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Rice, P.L. (2000). “Nyo dua hli - 30 days confinement: traditions and changed childbearing beliefs and practices
among Hmong women in Australia.” Midwifery. 16(1): 22-34.

Xiong, Zha Blong (2000). Hmong American parent-adolescent problem-solving interactions: An analytic induction
analysis, PhD dissertation. University of Minnesota.

Rice, P.L. (1999). “When the baby falls!: The cultural construction of miscarriage among Hmong women in
Australia.” Women and Health. 30(1): 85-103.

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ethnographic study, PhD dissertation. University of Minnesota.

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abuse. M.S.W. thesis, California State University, Stanislaus.

Vang, Ka. (1998). The relationship between cultural retention among selected Hmong parents and the academic
achievement of their children. Ed.D. dissertation, University of San Francisco.

Vang, Tou K. (1998). Hmong parents' attitude and perception toward Hmong juvenile delinquency in America. M.S.
thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.

Yang, Sou Vanh. (1998). The impact of the home environment on Hmong children's academic performance in the
education system. M.S.W. thesis, California State University, Stanislaus.

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dissertation, University of Minnesota.

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Wolff, Ada Mercedes (1997). An outcome evaluation of the effects of a parent education program for Hmong
parents (refugees), MS dissertation. California State University – Fresno.

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narrative with drawings, PsyD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno.

Detzner, Daniel F. (1996). No Place Without a Home: Southeast Asian Grandparents in Refugee Families.
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Duong Tran, Quang, Lee, Serge & Khoi, Sokley. (1996). Ethnic and gender differences in parental expectations
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Gjerdingen, D.K., Ireland, M., & Chaloner, K.M. (1996). Growth of Hmong children. Archives of Pediatrics and
Adolescent Medicine, 150(12), 1295-1298.

Howard, Katsuyo Kunugi (1996). Hmong Parenting Practices In Transition: A Participatory Study, EDD dissertation.
University of San Francisco.

Pieper, Jean Ann. (1996). Infant feeding practices of the Hmong participating in the WIC program in Stevens Point .
M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point.

Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves; Dewey, Kathryn G. (1996). Potential cost savings for Medi-Cal, AFDC, food stamps, and
WIC programs associated with increasing breast-feeding among low-income Hmong women in California. Journal of
the American Dietetic Association.

Yang, Nou. (1996). Hmong parents' views on American education and parent/teacher conferences. M.S. thesis,
University of Wisconsin, Stout.

Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves; Dewey, Kathryn G. (1995). Impact of a breastfeeding promotion program for Hmong women
at selected WIC sites in northern California. Journal of Nutrition Education. 27(2): 69+.

Wu, Christine (1995). The Efficacy Of A Behavioral Technique In The Treatment Of Noncompliance With An Asian
Child And His Parent, PSYD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno.

Foley, S. (1994). Parental Care Practices of the Hmong Refugees. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Fresno.

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Rice, P.L., Ly, B. and Lumley, J. (1994). “Childbirth and Soul Loss: The Case of a Hmong Woman.” The Medical
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Vang, M.M. (1994). Hmong Mothers and Daughters: Cultural Adjustment and Conflict. Master’s Thesis, California
State University, Stanislaus.

Davis, E. (1993). Effective Hmong Parent Involvement Program. Master’s Thesis, Hamline University.

Friesen, P.M. (1993). Hmong Infant Feeding Practices: A Mini Ethnonursing Study. Master’s Thesis, College of St.
Catherines, St. Paul, MN.

Helsel, Deborah Gail (1993). ‘Here There Is Much More And Much Less’: Hmong-American Families, Culture And
Childbearing In The ‘Land Of The Giants’, PhD dissertation. University of California - San Francisco.

Holbrook, D. (1993). The Relationship of Parental Expectations and Acculturation on Hmong Elementary Student’s
Achievement. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves (1993). Infant Feeding Among Southeast Asian Immigrants In Northern California (Hmong,
Vietnamese), PhD dissertation. University of California, Davis.

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Lengyel, K.A. (1992). How do Hmong Women Perceive Their Hospital Stay During Labor, Birth, and Postpartum?
Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Mannel, P.L. (1992). Factors the Influence or Hinder Hmong Parents in Obtaining Exams, Immunizations, and Blood
Amenia Screenings for Their Children Ages Birth to Five Years of Age. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Chico.

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Elkins, J.L. (1990). The Factors Associated With the Initial Infant Feeding Choice Among Hmong Mothers in
Northern California. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico, 1990.

Hughes, M.K. (1990). Hmong Concepts of Parenthood and Family in the United States. Master’s Thesis,
Washington State University.

Laurent, A.E. (1990). Registered Maternity Nurses’ Knowledge of Traditional Hmong Cultural Childbirth Practice.
Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Podhisita, C., P. Kunstadter, and S.L. Kunstadter. (1990). “Evidence for Early Fertility Transition Among the Hmong
in Northern Thailand.” Journal of Population and Social Studies. 2: 137-155.

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University.

Trueba, H.T., Jacobs, L. and E. Kirton. (1990). Cultural Conflict and Adaptation: The Case of Hmong Children in
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Vang, S.M. (1990). The Effects of Hmong Family Responsibilities on the Level of Performance of Hmong Students in
the Vocational Program at the St. Paul Technical College, St. Paul, Minnesota. Master’s Thesis, University of
Wisconsin – Stout.

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Cumming, B.J. (1988). The Development of Attachment in Two Groups of Economically Disadvantaged Infants and
their Mothers: Hmong Refugees and Caucasian-American. PhD Dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Hirayama, K.K. and H. Hirayama. (1988). “Stress, Social Supports and Adaptational Patterns in Hmong Refugee
Families.” Amerasia Journal 14 (Winter 1988): 93-108.

Vangay, J.V.N. (1988). Hmong Parents’ Cultural Attitudes and the Sex-Ratio Imbalance of Hmong Merced High
School Graduates.” Master’s Thesis, California State University, Stanislaus.

Benson, V.E. (1987). “Care-Giving and Care-Seeking Practices Used by Hmong Refugee Parents on Their Children
During Illness.” M.A. Thesis, University of California, San Francisco.

Davies, K. (1987). “A Comparison of Growth Curves of Hmong Children to Growth Curves of American Children.” M.
A. Thesis, California State University, Fresno.

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Practices Among the Hmong.” Rhode Island Medical Journal 67 (August 1984): 361-66.

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West: Observations and Reports. Bruce T. Downing and Douglas P. Olney, eds., pp. 48-62. Minneapolis: Center for
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