Hmong in China

Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

Michaud, J. and T. Forsyth. (2011). Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highland China,
Vietnam and Laos. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Michaud, J. (2010). “Handling Mountain Minorities in China, Vietnam and Laos: From History and
Current Concerns.” Asian Ethnicity 10(1): 25-49.

Yang, Z. (2009). "From Miao to Miaozu - Alterity in the Formation of Modern Ethnic Groups." Hmong Studies
Journal, Volume 9: 1-28.  
Lemoine, J. (2008). "To Tell the Truth." Hmong Studies Journal, Volume 9: 1-29.

Schein, L. (2008). “Neoliberalism and Hmong/Miao Transnational Media Ventures.” In Li Zhang and Aihwa Ong, Eds.
Privatizing China: Socialism from Afar. Ithaca:Cornell University Press, 103-119.

Tapp, N. (2008). "Qha Ke (Guiding the Way) From the Hmong Ntsu of China, 1943." Hmong Studies Journal,
Volume 9: 1-36.

Yang, K. (2008). "A Visit to the Hmong of Asia: Globalization and Ethnicity at the Dawn of the 21st Century." Hmong
Studies Journal, Volume 9: 1-50. (Text)

Yang, K. (2008). "A Visit to the Hmong of Asia: Globalization and Ethnicity at the Dawn of the 21st Century." Hmong
Studies Journal, Volume 9: 1-50. (Photo Essay)

Bender, M. (Translator); Dan, J. and M. Xueliang (Compilers). (2006). Butterfly Mother: Miao (Hmong) Creation
Epics from Guizhou China. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.

Tapp, N. (2006). “The consuming or the consumed? Virtual Hmong in China.” In Kevin Latham, Stuart Thompson,
Jakob Klein (Eds). Consuming China: Approaches to cultural change in contemporary China.  Abingdon, Oxon, NY:

Entenmann, Robert. (2005). "The Myth of Sonom, the Hmong King" Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 6, 2005.

Lee, Gary Yia. (2005). "The Shaping of Traditions: Agriculture and Hmong Society" Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 6,

Lemoine, Jacques. (2005). "What is the actual number of the (H)mong in the World" Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 6,

Rack, Mary. (2005). Ethnic Distinctions, Local Meanings: Negotiating Cultural Identities in China. Ann Arbor, MI:
Pluto Press (Ethnographic Study of Miao and Hmong in China)

Schein, Louisa. (2005). “Marrying Out of Place: Hmong/Miao Women Across and Beyond China.” In Cross-Border
Marriages: Gender and Mobility in Transnational Asia: Editor: Nicole Constable. Philadelphia: University of
Pennsylvania Press, pp. 53-79.

Yang, Kou. (2005). "Research Notes from the Field: Tracing the Path of the Ancestors – A Visit to the Hmong in
China" Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 6, 2005

Alison Lewis. (2004). "The A Hmao in Northeast Yunnan and Northwest Guizhou Provinces: Perspectives on the
Encounter iwth the A Hmao from some Western Protestant Missionaries." In Hmong/Miao in Asia. N. Tapp, et al,
editors. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, pp. 217-236.

Cheung Siu-Woo. (2004). "Miao Identity in Western Guizhou: China during the Republican Period." In Hmong/Miao
in Asia, N. Tapp, et al, editors. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, pp. 237-272.

Schein, Louisa. (2004). "Hmong/Miao Transnationality: Identity Beyond Culture." In Hmong/Miao in Asia.N. Tapp, et
al, editors. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, pp. 273-294.

Sutton, Donald S. (2003). “Violence and Ethnicity on a Qing Colonial Frontier: Customary and Statutory Law in the
Eighteenth Century Miao Pale.” Modern Asian Studies 37(1): 41-80.

Wong, Chau Ying. (2003). Participation and Empowerment: An Ethnography of Miao Women in Rural China. PhD
Thesis, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.

Xiao, Zhang. (2003). “Origins and Features of Hmong Culture in China.” Institute of Culture of Minorities, Guishou
Provincial Academy of Social Sciences, Guyang, Guizhou, China.

McMahon, Daniel. (2002). “Identity and Conflict on a Chinese Borderland: Yan Ruyi and the Recruitment of the
Gelao during the 1795-97 Miao Revolt.” Late Imperial China 23(2)(December 2002): 53-86. T

Tapp, Nicholas. (2002). “Cultural Accommodations in Southwest China: The ‘Han Miao’ and Problems in the
Ethnography of the Hmong.” Asian Folklore Studies 61: 77-104.

Foggin, P Armijo-Hussein, N Marigaux, C Zhu, H Liu, ZY (2001). "Risk factors and child mortality among the Miao in
Yunnan, southwest china." SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE 53(12): 1683-1696.

Tapp, N. (2001). The Hmong of China: Context, Agency, and the Imaginary. Sinica Leidensia. V. 51. Brill Academic

Cultural Relics Publishing House. (2000). Silver Ornaments of Miao Nationality. Beijing: Cultural Relics Publishing

Alison Lewis. (2000). The Western Protestant Missionaries and the Miao in Yunnan and Guizhou, Southwest China.
From Turbulent Times and Enduring Peoples: Mountain Minorities in the Southeast Asian Massif, ed. Jean Michaud.
Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press. pp. 79-98.

Li, Y Liu, JT Liu, FY Guo, GP Anme, T Ushijima, H (2000). "Maternal child-rearing behaviors and correlates in rural
minority areas of Yunnan, China." JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL PEDIATRICS 21(2): 114-

Michaud, Jean and Christian Culas (2000). “The Hmong of the Southeast Asia Massif: Their Recent History of
Migration.” In G. Evans, C. Hutton, and K.K. Eng eds. Where China Meets Southeast Asia: Social and Cultural
Change in the Border Regions Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asia Studies, 98-121.

Tapp, Nicholas. (2000). “Ritual Relations and Identity: Hmong and Others.” In Civility and Savagery: Social Identity
in Tai States. A. Turton, Ed. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon Press, 84-103.

Wu, X. (2000). “Ethnic Tourism - A Helicopter from `Huge Graveyard’ to Paradise? Social Impacts of Ethnic Tourism
Development on the Minority Communities in Guizhou Province, Southwest China.” Hmong Studies Journal 3: 1-20.

AU: Bender, M TI: Song flowers: Song flowers of the ancient songs of the Miao nationality SO: ASIAN FOLKLORE
STUDIES BP: 255 EP: 257 PG: 3 PY: 1999 VL: 58 IS: 1

Schein, Louisa. (1999). Minority Rules: The Miao and The Feminine in China’s Cultural Politics. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press.

Lemoine, Jacques (1998). Dialectique des ethnicitiès et des nationalitès en Chine from L’Homme 148: 231-250.

Schein, Louisa. (1998). "Forged transnationality and oppositional cosmopolitanism." Comparative Urban &
Community Research, 6, 291-313. [Hmong in China]

Cheung, S.W. (1997). "Millenarianism, Christian Movements, and Ethnic Change Among the Miao in Southwest
China." In Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers, Ed. S. Harrell, Seattle: University of Washington Press,
2nd Printing, pp. 217-247.

Diamond, N. (1997). "Defining the Miao: Ming, Qing, and Contemporary Views." In Cultural Encounters on China's
Ethnic Frontiers, Ed. S. Harrell, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2nd Printing, pp. 92-116.

Harrell, S. (Editor). (1997) Cultural Encounters on China’s Ethnic Frontiers. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Lemoine, Jacques (1997). Fonction et rèbellion. La place de la femme a’ l’intèrieur et a’ la pèriphèrie du monde
chinois from Social Anthropology 5(3): 255-275.

Cheung, S.W. (1996). Subject and Representation: Identity Politics in Southeast Guizhou. PhD Dissertation,
University of Washington.

Gay, Chris. (1996). Life on the margins. (Miao people of Guizhou, China) Far Eastern Economic Review Sept 19 159
(38): 52.

Kaiyi, Y. (1996). "Hmong-Mongolian?" In Hmong Forum, Saint Paul, MN: Haiv Hmoob, Inc. pp. 48-62.

Sagart, L. (1995). “Chinese Buy-And-Sell and the Direction of Borrowings Between Chinese and Hmong-Mien – A
Response to Haudricourt and Strecker.” Toung Pao. 81(4-5): 328-342.

Bao, X. (1994). “The Guzong Festival: Ancestral Sacrifice Among the Miao.” China Tourism, December 1994, 74-75.

Cao, N. (1994). The Textiles of Miao Women as a Source of Inspiration for Contemporary Textile Design and
Production. MA Thesis, University of Alberta (Canada).

Jenks, R.D. (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder in Guizhou: The Miao ‘Rebellion’, 1854-1873. Honolulu:
University of Hawaii Press.

Diamond, N. (1993). “Ethnicity and the State: The Hua Miao of Southwest China.” In Ethnicity and the State, edited
by J.D. Toland, 55-78. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

China Tourism. (1991). “Guizhou: A Glimpse of the Miao and Dong Peoples.” June 1991, 22-33.

China Tourism. (1991). “Yunnan: Miao Villages in the Wumeng Mountains.” Translated by A. Yan. June 1991, 34-41.

Haudricourt, A. and D. Strecker (1991). “Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao) Loans in Chinese.” T’oung Pao 77: 335-341.

Hu, Z. and I. Baine.(1991). “Introducing the Mou of Guizhou.” Hmong Forum 2: 16-24.

Wu, D. (1991). “A Brief Introduction to the Hmong of China.” Hmong Forum 2: 1-15.

Yang, C-W. (1991). “ A Further Discussion of Miao Medicine.” Translated by I. Bain. Hmong Forum 2: 67-76.

Bender, M. (1990). “Felling the Ancient Sweetgum’: Antiphonal Folk Epics of the Miao of Southeast Guizhou.”
CHINOPERL Papers 15 (1990): 27-44.

Liu, B.Y. (1990). "Hmong and Mien are All Brothers: A Brief Introduction to the Relations between the Hmong and
Mien Nationalities Written on the Request of Dr. Yang Dao." Hmong Forum, 1:8-16.

Qi, L.Q. (1990). "The Multifaceted and Flowering Hmong Culture." Hmong Forum, 1:17-24.

China Tourism (1989). “Days in Guizhou - Miao and Dong Stockades in the Province’s Southeast.” China Tourism,
February 1989, 10-23.

Schein, L. (1989). “The Dynamics of Cultural Revival Among the Miao in Guizhou.” In Special Issue on Ethnicity and
Ethnic Groups in China, edited by C. Chiao and N. Tapp, 199-210. Hong Kong: New Asia College, Chinese
University of Hong Kong.

Shyr, Y.K. (1989). “The Polyphonic Songs of the Miao People in China: A Structural Analysis.” Chinese Music 12
(March 1989): 5-13.

Shyr, Y.K. (1989). “The Polyphonic Songs of the Miao People in China: A Structural Analysis, II.” Chinese Music 12
(March 1989): 27-31.

Tian, C. (1989). “Miao Embroidery: Reflections of Life and Legend.” China Tourism, February 1989, 24-27.

Tian, H. (1989). “The Colourful Peoples of the Wumeng Mountains.” China Tourism, September 1989. 14-27.

Zeng, X. (1989). “Elaborate Hairstyles of the Miao.” China Tourism, September 1989, 36-47.

Bai, Z. (1988). A Happy People: The Miao. Translated by R. Jiazhen. Beijing: Foreign Languages Press.

Diamond, N. (1988). “The Miao and Poison: Interactions on China’s Southwest Border.” Ethnology, 27 (January
1988) 1-25.

Lemoine, Jacques (1989). Ethnicity, Culture and Development Among Some Minorities of the People’s Republic of
China. From New Asian Academic Bulletin, Special Issue on Ethnicity and Ethnic Groups in China 8: 1-10.

China House Gallery (1987). Richly Woven Traditions: Costumes of the Miao of Southwest China and Beyong. New
York: China House Gallery, China Institute of America, 1987.

Liang, Y. (1987). “Miao Dances.” In Flying Dragon and Dancing Phoenix: An Introduction to Selected Chinese
Minority Folk Dances, edited by W. Chen, L. Ji and W. Ma, 80-93. Beijing: New World Press, 1987.

Reilly, T.M. (1987). “The Miao of Southwest China and Beyond.” In Richly Woven Traditions: Costumes of the Miao
of Southwest China and Beyond, 19-30. New York: China Institute in America.

Rossi, G. (1987). “A Flourishing Art: China: Guizhou Women Continue to Embroider Their Legends.” Threads
Magazine, February-March 1987, 30-32.

Rossi, G. (1987). “Weaving and Dress in China.” Textile Fibre Forum 20: 20-21.

Rossi, G. (1987). “Enduring Dress of the Miao, Guizhou Province, People’s Republic of China.” Ornament (Spring
1988): 26-31.

Sim, C.L. (1987). “The Miao of Southwest China: A Question of Identity.” Papers on Far Eastern History 35 (March
1987): 167-78.

Strecker, D. (1987). “Some Comments on Benedict’s `Miao-Yiao’ Enigma: Addendum.” Linguistics of the Tibeto-
Burman Area 10 (Fall 1987): 22-42.

Zhang, F. and Y. Lin. (1987). “A Study and Analysis of Chinese Miao Costumes.” In Richly Woven Traditions:
Costumes of the Miao of Southwest China and Beyond, 11-18. New York: China Institute in America.

Schein, L. (1986). “The Miao in Contemporary China: A Preliminary Overview.” In the Hmong in Transition, edited by
G.L. Hendricks, B.T. Downing and A.S. Deinard, 73-85. New York and Minneapolis: Center for Migration Studies and
Southeast Asian Refugee Studies Project, University of Minnesota.

Li, T. (1985). “Miao Nationality Costumes and Ornaments.” China Reconstructs 34 (February 1985): 33-37.

Peng, J. (1983). “A Miao Nationality Village.” China Reconstructs 32: 57-63.

Campbell, Margaret, Nakoun Pongnoi, and Chusak Voraphitak (1981). From the Hands of the Hills, 2nd ed. Hong
Kong: Media Transasia.

Lyman, Thomas A. (1978). Note on the Name “Green Miao.” Nachrichten 123:82-87.

Ling Shun-sheng and Ruey Yih Fu (1976). Miao Tribe of Western Hurian, 3. E. Longstaff.

Denlinger, P.B. (1972). Miao-Yao Manuscript. Tunghai Journal 13: 1-66.

Haudricourt, A.G. (1972). Presentation des feuilles de cartes de la famille Karen et de la famille Miao-Yiao. Asie du
Sud-Est et Monde Insulinden 3(4): 7-12.

Beauclair, Inez de (1970 ). A Miao Tribe of Southeast Kweichow and its Cultural Configuration. In Tribal Cultures of
Southwest China, pp. 60-145. Taipei: The Orient Cultural Service.

Beauclair, Inez de (1970). Die Ta-Hua Miao der Provinz Kueichou. Ibid pp. 190-197.

Beauclair, Inez de (1970). Tracht und Ornamentik der Pa Miao im Anshun Kreis der Provinz Kweichow. In Tribal
Cultures of Southwest China, pp. 199-205. Tai Pei: The Orient Cultural Service. Originally published in Studia
Serica 2:13-20, 1942.

Bernatzik, H.R. (1970). Akha and Miao: Problems of Applied Ethnography in Farther India. New Haven, CT: Human
Relations Area Files, Yale University.

Ruey Yih-Fu (1967). A Study of the Miao People. In Symposium on Historical, Archaeological and Linguistic Studies,
F. S. Drake, ed. pp. 49-58. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

Encyclopedia Britannica (1965) Miao. Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 15. Chicago: William Benton. [Bo32 qEn1]

LeBar, Frank M., et al. (1964). Miao-Yao. In Ethnic Groups of Mainland Southeast Asia, pp. 63-93. New Haven:
Human Relations Area Files Press.

Schafer, R. (1964). Miao-Yao. Monumenta Serica 23: 398-411.

Downer, G.B. (1963). Chinese, Thai, and Miao-Yiao. In Linguistic Comparison in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. H.
L. Shorto, ed. London. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Ruey Yih-Fu (1963) The Magpie Miao of Southern Szechuan and the Family System. Academia Sinica: Bulletin of
the Ethnological Institute 34:367. (in Chinese) [EA DS 730 C47]

Ruey Yih-Fu (1962). The Miao: Their Origin and Southern Migration. In Second Biennial Conference Proceedings.
Taipei: International Association of Historians of Asia.

Ruey Yih-Fu, and T. K. Kuan (1962). Marriage and Mortuary Customs of the Magpie Miao of Southern Szechuan,
China. Academia Sinica: Institute of History and Philology, Monograph Series A no. 23. (In Chinese) [EA DS731.

Beauclair, Inez de (1961) Miao on Hainan Island. Current Anthropology 2:314.

It’s, R.F. (1960). Miao: Istoriko-Ethnograficheskii Orcherk (Miao: An Historical-Ethnographic Sketch). In Vostochno-
Aziatiskii-Ethnograficheskii Sbornik (East Asian Ethnographic Papers) O. L. Vil’chevskii, ed. Translated by Human
Relations Area Files.

Ruey Yih-Fu (1960). The Mgpie Miao of Southern Szechuan. In Social Structure in Southeast Asia, G. Murdock, ed.
pp. 143-155. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.

Shiratori, Y. (1960). Concerning the racial and cultural relation of the Miao. Vie Congres International des Sciences
Anthropologiques. Ethnologie Tome 1. Paris: Musee de l’Homme.

Bridgman, E. C., transl. (1959). Sketches of the Miau-Tsze. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, North China Branch

Kroeber, Alfred L. (1958). Miao and Chinese Kin Logic. Academia Sinica: Bulletin of the Institute of History and
Philology 29:641-645.

Ruey Yih-Fu (1958). Terminological Structure of the Miao Kinship System. Academia Sinica: Bulletin of the Institute
of History and Philology 29:613-639.

Chung yang min tsu hsueh yuan (1956). Miao tsu tzu hsiu t’uan. (Embroidery designs of the Miao People in China.)
Peking: Min tsu wen I kung tso t’uan. [Mostly pictures with English captions]

Ma Shao-Ch’iao (1956). Ch’ing tai Miao min ch’I i. (The Uprisings of the Miao People in the Ch’ing Period.)
(Chinese) [EA DS731 M5M3]

Vannicelli, Luigi (1956). Il culto religioso presso I Miao. Die Wiene Schule der Volkerkunde: Festshrift Vienna Verlay
Ferdinan Berger. Translated by the Army Translation Service as The Religious Cult of the Miao, J-2230, May 1967.

Beauclair, Inez de (1955) Review of Songs and Stories of the Ch’uan Miao by David Crockett Graham. Far Eastern
Quarterly 15:289-290.

Ruey Yih-Fu (1955). Parent Child Identity Kinship Terminology. Bulletin of the Ethnological Society of China 1:45-62
(in Chinese with English summary).

Schurmann, Franz (1955). Review of H. Stubel’s Ein Dorf der Ta-Hua Miao. Far Eastern Quarterly 15(2):290.

Graham, David Crockett (1954). Songs and Stories of the Ch’uan Miao. Washington D.C.: The Smithsonian
Institution, publication no. 4139. [T507 Sm6m v. 123]

Ruey Yih-Fu (1954). On the Origin and Type of Kinship Terminology among the Miao Tribe in the Region of the
Sources of the Yungning River. Bulletin of the Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, National Taiwan
University 3:1-13 (in Chinese with English summary).

Stubel, Hans (1954). (Ein Dorf der Ta-Hua Miao in Yunnan. Hamburg: Gesellshaft fur Natur und Volkerkunde
Ostasiens. [301.951 St94]

Truax (1950). Vocabularies of Tribes in Kweichow, China. (Unpublished).

Pendleton, Robert L. (1949). Impressions of Doi Pulanka and the Miao’s New Year. From the Camera and Note
Book of an Agriculturalist. Journal of the Siam Society 37(2):144-148.

Daudin, Pierre (1947). Les Miao du Koei-Tcheou. France-Asie 12(March): 222-226.

Mickey, Margaret P. (1947). The Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow. Cambridge: Peabody Museum of American
Archaeology and Ethnology. [301.06 H26 v.32:1]

Ling Shun-sheng and Ruey Yih Fu (1947). Hsiang-his Miao-tsu Tiao-ch’a Pao-Kao. (A report on an investigation of
the Miao of Western Hunan) Academia Sinica: Insititute of History and Philology. Translated by Human Relations
Area Files. [HRAF Microfiche]

Mickey, Margaret P. (1946). Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow. Far Eastern Survey 15:251-253.

Mickey, Margaret P. (1944). The Hai P’a Miao of Kwiechow. Journal of the West China Border Research Society 15:

Sheng, Hsiang-tzu (1943). Hsiang his Miao ch’u chih she chih chi ch’I hsien chuang (The establishment and the
present situation of the Miao in south-western China). [EA DS731.M5S5x]

Ch’en, Kuo-chun (1942). Kweichow An-Shun Miao-I ti tsung-chiao hsin Yang (Religious beliefs of the Miao and I
tribles in Ah-Shun Kweichow). Pien-chen Kung-lun (Frontier Affairs) 1(7-8):88-92.

Ecikstedt, Egon von (1942) Uber Herkunft und Typus der Miao-Stamme in Westchina. Sinica 17:121-135.

Woo, T. L. (1942). The Physical Characteristics of the Pa Miao People of Kweichow and other Peoples of South
China. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Institute 72:45-53.

Chen, K.C., and Wu T.C. (1942). Studies of the Society of Miao and Yi tribes of Kweichow. Kwei Yang: Kwei Yang
Wen Shu T’ung Chu.

Wa Che-lin (1942). Kwichow Miao-she-hui yen chin. (Studies of Miao-I Societies in Kweichow) Kewiyang: Wen-tung
Book Co. Translated by Human Relations Area Files. [HRAF Microfiche]

Graham, David Crockett (1941). The Religion of the Ch’wan Miao. Review of Religion 5 (March): 276-209.

Eberhard, Wolfram (1941) (a). Die Miaotse-Alben des Leipziger Volkermuseums. Archiv fur Anthropologie 54:125-

Eberhard, Wolfram (1941) (b). Kultur und Siedlung der Randvolker Chinas. Miao-Volker. T’oung Pao supplement au
vol 36:250-274.

Eberhard, Wolfram (1941) (c) Yao-Volker. Ibid., pp. 196-221.

Wu, Charles L. (1940). Glimpses of the Miao Tribes in Kweichow. China Quarterly 5:837-843.

Lin Yueh-Hwa (1940-41). The Miao-Man Peoples of Kweichow. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 5:261-345.

Agnew, R. Gordon (1939). The Music of the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China Border Research Society 11:9-

Li, F.K. (1939). Languages and Dialects. The Chinese Yearbook, Shanghai 1938/39:47-48.

Wong, S.L. (1939). Phonetics and Phonology of the Yao Language: Description of the Yao-ling Dialect. Ling-nan
Science Journal 18: 425-455.

Graham, David Crockett (1939). Note on the Ch’wan Miao of West China. Man 171-2:174-175.

Yang, Stephen, Y. T. Beh, and W. R. Morse (1938). Blood Groups of the Aboriginal Ch’wan Miao of Szechwan
Province, West China. Man 38:65-67.

Graham, David Crockett (1938). Review of Stone Gateway and the Flowery Miao by William Hudspeth. Journal of
the West China Border Research Society 5:237.

Sewell, William G. and Shu-Hswan Wei (1938). Dyestuffs used by the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China
Border Research Society 10:144-151.

Feng, D. R. and L. G. Kilborn (1937). Nosu and Miao Arrow Poison. Journal of the West China Border Research
Society 9:130-134.

Graham, David Crockett (1937) (a). The Custom of the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China Border Research
Society 9:13-70. [HRAF Microfiche]

Graham, David Crockett (1937) (b). The Ceremonies of the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China Border
Research Society 9:71-119.

Hudspeth, William H. (1937). Stone-gateway and the Flowery Miao. London: Cargate Press. [HRAF Microfiche]

Kilborn, Leslie G., and Francis G. Benedict (1937). The Basal Metabolism of the Miao Race of Kweichow. Chinese
Journal of Physiology 11(1):127-134.

Daudin, Pierre (1936). Les Miao-Lolos. Bulletin de la Societe des Etudes Indochinois.

Schuster, Carl (1936). A Comparison of Aboriginal Textile Designs from South-Western China with Peasant Designs
From Eastern Europe. Man 37: 105-106.

Hudspeth, W.H. (1935). The Hwa Miao Language. Journal of the West China Border Research Society 7: 104-121.

Lui Chung Shee Hsien (1934). Sur un instrument musical a anche libre en usage chez les Miao de la Chine du Sud.
L’Ethnographie 28-29:27-34.

Hudspeth, William H. (1932). Among the Flowery Miao. Listener, Aug:265-266.

Liu, Chungshee Hsien (1932). The Dog-Ancestor Story of the Aboriginal Tribes of Southern China. Journal of the
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 62:361-368.

Moninger, M. M. (1932). The Hainanese Miao and their Food Supply. Lingnan Science Journal 11:521-526.

Koppers, W. (1930). Tungusen and Miao; ein Beitrag zur Frage der Komplexitat der altchinesichen Kultur.
Mitteilungen der Anthropologischen Gesellschaft in Wien 60:306-319.

Graham, David Crockett (1926-29). More Notes about the Chwan Miao. Journal of the West China Border Research
Society 3:112-113.

Graham, David Crockett (1926). Critical Note: The Chaun Miao of West China. Journal of Religion 6(3):302-307.

Cucherousset, H. (1924). Travaux et cultures des Miao. Eveil economique de l’Indochine, no. 377.

Savina, F. M. (1924) (a). Considerantion sur la revolt des Miao (1918-1921). Eveil economique indochine (August):

Savina, F. M. (1924) (b). Histoire des Miao. Hong Kong: Imprimerie de la Societe des Missions-Etrangeres. [301.951

Verax (1924). Les trios montagnards: les Miao. L’Eveil Economique de I’Indochine (August 17):375.

Graham, David Crockett (1922-23). The Ch’uan Miao of Southern Szechuan. Journal of the West China Border
Research Society 1:56.

Hudspeth, William H. (1922). The Cult of the Door amongst the Miao in South-West China. Folk-Lore 33:406-410.

Moninger, M. M. (1921). The Hainanese Miao. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, North China Branch 52:40-50.

Pollard, Sam (1919). The Story of the Miao. London: Henry Hooks.

Laufer, Berthold (1917). The Myth of P’an-hu, The Bamboo King. Journal of American Folklore 30:419-421. (Yao
and Miao Myths)

Jaeger, F. (1915-16). Uber chinesische Miaotze-Albums. Ostasiatische Zeitschrift, Berlin 4:266-83,5:81-89.

d'Ollone, V. (1912). Ecriture des peuples non chinois de la Chine. Quatre dictionaries Lolo et Miao-Tseu. Paris:
Documents Scientifiques de la Mission d'Ollone, no. 7.

Fleurelle (1910). Chez les Miao-Tseu autonomes du Kouei-tcheou; reconaissance au Kin-Ho, traversee de la
Mongolia meridionale. La Geographique April 15:298-299.

Noiret (1909). Les Miaos. Bulletin Service Geographique de l’Est 30:241-246.

Pollard, Samuel (1909) The Story of the Miao. United Methodist Magazine.

Torii Ryuuzoo (1907). Byoozoku Choosa Hookaku. (Report on Investigations of the Miao.) Tokyo.

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