Hmong Folktales and Folklore

Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD





Yang, K.L. (2006). "The Meeting with Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy A Case Study of Syncretism in the Hmong
System of Beliefs." Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 7, 2006.

Cha, Dia. (2003). "The Hmong 'Dab Pog Couple' Story and its Significance in Arriving at an Understanding of Hmong
Ritual." Hmong Studies Journal, 4:1-20

D.C. Everett Area Schools (2001). The Hmong and Their Stories. Weston, WI: D.C. Everett Area Schools.

Ly J.C.T. (2001). Dab neeg: Narratives of Hmong refugees. MA Thesis, California State University, Fresno.

Cha, D. and N. Livo. (2000). Teaching With Folk Stories of the Hmong: An Activity Book. Englewood, CO: Libraries
Unlimited, Inc.

Levy, M.M. (2000). “What if your fairy godmother were an ox? The many Cinderellas of Southeast Asia.” ('Cinderella',
folktales, Hmong). Lion and the Unicorn. 24(2): 173-187.

Vue, G. and D. (2000). The Story of the Turtle and the Giant Hornbill. (Children’s Storybook in both Hmong and
English). Minneapolis, MN: Asian Publications.

The Hmong people: Stories and culture. (1998). Created by the Hmong students at the Saturn Riverfront School.
Saint Paul, MN: The School.

Kraus, R. and D. Chen. (1998). The Making of Monkey King. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Union
City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.

McDaniel, Terry Heideman. (1998). A pastiche of stories: Involving students in collecting, translating, and internet
publishing of family folk tales. M.A. thesis, Hamline University.

Catlin, A. (1997). “Puzzling the text: Thought-songs, secret languages, and archaic tones in Hmong music.” World of
Music 39(2): 69-81.

Giacchino-Baker, Rosalie, Bacon, Tine & Gelts, Kathy. (1997). Making connections with "The story of Mah": A
teacher's resource book of thematic classroom activities that promote intercultural understanding . El Monte, CA:
Pacific Asia Press.

Giacchino-Baker, Rosalie. (1997). Making connections with Hmong culture: A teacher's resource book of thematic
classroom activities that promote intercultural understanding. El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Giacchino-Baker, Rosalie. (1997). The story of Mah: A Hmong "Romeo and Juliet" folktale = Dab neeg hais txog Maj.
Retold by Rosalie Giacchino-Baker; illustrated by Lillian Shao. El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Coburn, J.R. with T.C. Lee. (1996). Jouanah: A Hmong Cinderella. (Children’s Storybook with Hmong and English
editions). Arcadia, CA: Shen’s Books.

Cook, S. and Rusting, S. (1996). Jouanah: A Hmong Cinderella – Teacher’s Guide. Arcadia, CA: Shen’s Books.

Remsing, Dawn L. (1996). Hmong folklore: the art of storytelling. M.A. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire.

Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). Stories from Laos: Folktales and Cultures of the Lao, Hmong, Khammu and Iu-Mien.
El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). The Story of Mah: A Hmong “Romeo and Juliet” Folktale. (Children’s Storybook). El
Monte, Ca: Pacific Asia Press.

Lee, K. (1995). The Owl and Ms. Wren. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folktale). Chico, CA: NKL Multicultural
Education Company.

Wilson, Karen S. Harper. (1995). In Hmong Mountain: See Lee's Oral Narrative as History and Poetry. M.A. thesis,
California State University, Long Beach.

Graber-Wilson, G. (1994). The Farmer’s Son and the Gourd (Hmong Folktale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Ant and the Elephant. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Hmong People and the Turtle. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Orphan and the Rich Boy. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Stepmother and the Three Children. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Lewis, J.A. (1993). “Hmong Visual, Oral and Social Design: Innovation within a Frame of the Familiar.” Master’s
Thesis, California State University, Sacramento, 1993.

Thao, C. (1993). Only a Toad. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folktale). Green Bay, WI: Project Chong.

Van, D.N. (1993). “The Flood Myth and the Origin of Ethnic Groups in Southeast Asia.” Journal of American Folklore
106 (Summer 1993): 304-337.

Johnson, C. and S. Vang. (1992). Myths, Legends and Folktales from the Hmong of Laos//Dab Neeg Moog. Saint
Paul, MN: Linguistics Department, Macalester University.

Mitchell, R.E., (1992). "Tradition, Change, and Hmong Refugees." In Creativity and Tradition in Folklore: New
Directions. Edited by S.J. Bronner. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press. pp. 263-275.

Divo, N.J. and D. Cha. (1991). Folkstories of the Hmong: People of Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.

Bender, M. (1990). “Felling the Ancient Sweetgum’: Antiphonal Folk Epics of the Miao of Southeast Guizhou.”
CHINOPERL Papers 15 (1990): 27-44.

Shyr, Y.K. (1989). “The Polyphonic Songs of the Miao People in China: A Structural Analysis.” Chinese Music 12
(March 1989): 5-13.

Shyr, Y.K. (1989). “The Polyphonic Songs of the Miao People in China: A Structural Analysis, II.” Chinese Music 12
(March 1989): 27-31.

Xiong, B. (1989). Nine-In-One-Grr-Grr! (Hmong Folktale). San Francisco, CA: Children’s Book Press.

Bender, M. (1988). “Hxak Hmub: An Introduction to an Antiphonal Myth Cycle of Lao in Southeast Guizhou.” In
Further Studies of Religions and World Views, edited by A.R. Walker, 95-128. Contributions to Southeast Asian
ethnography, no. 7, Columbus, Ohio State University, 1988.

Johnson, A.D. (1988). Hmong Folktales: Exercises and Activities. St. Paul, MN: International Institute of Minnesota.

Lyman, T.A. (1988). “A Green Mong (Miao) Tiger Legend: Synopsis and Analysis.” Folklore (India)(May 1988): 107-
110.

Johns, B. (1986). "An Introduction to White Hmong Sung Poetry." In The Hmong World, Editors, Brenda Johns and
David Strecker, New Haven, CT: Council on Southeast Asia Studies, pp. 5-11.

McNamer, M. (1986). "Musical Change and Change in Music: Implications for Hmong Identity." In The Hmong World,
Editors, Brenda Johns and David Strecker, New Haven, CT: Council on Southeast Asia Studies, pp. 137-163.

Mua, X.L. and S.L. Bessac (1986). "The Story of the Orphan Mu Hu." In The Hmong World, Editors, Brenda Johns
and David Strecker, New Haven, CT: Council on Southeast Asia Studies, pp. 42-73.

Willcox, D. (1986). Hmong Folklife. Hmong Natural Association of North Carolina.

Numrich, C. (1985). Living Tapestries: Folk Tales of the Hmong. Publisher: Lima, OH: Fairway Press.

Derrick-Mescua, M. et al. (1982). Some Secret Languages of the Hmong. In the Hmong in the West: Observations
and Reports. B.T. Downing and D.P. Olney, eds. pp. 142-159. Minneapolis: Center for Urban and Regional Affairs,
University of Minnesota.

Johnson, Charles (1982). Hmong Myths, Legends and Folktales: A Resource for Understanding. In The Hmong in the
West: Observations and Reports. Bruce T. Downing and Douglas P. Olney, eds., pp. 86-98. Minneapolis: Center for
Urban and Regional Affairs, University of Minnesota.

Johnson, A.D. (1981). Yer and the Tiger. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folk Tale). Saint Paul, MN: Hmong Book
Project, Macalester College.

Lyman, T.A. (1969). Green Miao (Meo) Proverbs. Asia Aakhanee: Southeast Asian Survey 192): 30-32.

Worthington, Harvey Rice, III (1969). The Twelve Miao Cyclical Years. Asia Aakhanee: Southeast Asian Survey 1(3):
48-49.

Hmong Texts (1965). (Several Hmong Legends Written in Hmong with an English gloss.) Unpublished.

Vietnam Youth. (1960). A Living Legend: The Meo Alphabet. Vietnam Youth 4 (April): 14-16.

Beauclair, Inez de (1955) Review of Songs and Stories of the Ch’uan Miao by David Crockett Graham. Far Eastern
Quarterly 15:289-290.

Graham, David Crockett (1954). Songs and Stories of the Ch’uan Miao. Washington D.C.: The Smithsonian
Institution, publication no. 4139. [T507 Sm6m v. 123]

Agnew, R. Gordon (1939). The Music of the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China Border Research Society 11:9-
22.

Graham, David Crockett (1938). Legends of the Ch’uan Miao. Journal of the West China Border Research Society 6:
9-51.

Liu, Chungshee Hsien (1932). The Dog-Ancestor Story of the Aboriginal Tribes of Southern China. Journal of the
Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 62:361-368.

Hudspeth, William H. (1922). The Cult of the Door amongst the Miao in South-West China. Folk-Lore 33:406-410.

Laufer, Berthold (1917). The Myth of P’an-hu, The Bamboo King. Journal of American Folklore 30:419-421. (Yao
and Miao Myths)