The Hmong and Higher Education

(Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD)

Xiong, S. and S.E. Lee. (2011). "Hmong Students in Higher Education and Academic Support Programs."
Hmong Studies Journal, 12: 1-20.

Yang, A.A. and T.L. Morris. (2011). “Hmong American Women Crossing Borders in Nursing Education: Two
Case Studies.” Journal of Nursing Education 50(5): 275-277.

Huffcutt, M. (2010). American Hmong Youth and College Readiness: Integrating Culture and Educational
Success. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Khang, M.S. (2010). Hmong Traditional Roles and the Pursuit of Higher Education for Married Hmong American
Women. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Lor, P. (2010). "Hmong Teachers: Life Experiences and Teaching Perspectives." Multicultural Education
17(3): 36-40.

Yang, A. (2010). Themes in the Career Development of 1.5 Generation Hmong American Women. PhD
Dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Chang, Z. (2009). An investigation of Contextual Factors and Dispositional Characteristics in the Career
Development of Hmong American and Caucasian American College Students: A Comparison Study   A
Comparison Study Using a  Social Cognitive Career Theory Perspective. PhD Dissertation, University of

Yang, P.P. (2008). “A Phenomenological Case Study: Factors in Hmong-American Students’ Successful
Transition to a Large Public Research Institution.” PhD Dissertation, Edgewood College.

Lee, S.C. (2007). "The self-rated social well-being of Hmong college students in Northern California." Hmong
Studies Journal, Vol 8, 2007

Moua, M.T. (2007). An Investigation of Factors impacting Hmong Students’ Completion of a Four-Year
Postsecondary Degree. Ed.D. Dissertation, California State University, Fresno and University of California,

Vue, P.P. (2007). Factors that Contribute towards and/or impede Hmong Women from Obtaining a Higher
Education Degree. Ed.D. Dissertation, California State University, Fresno and University of California, Davis.

Small, S.A, Tiwari, G. and M. Huser. (2006). “The cultural education of academic evaluators: Lessons from a
University-Hmong community partnership.” American Journal of Community Psychology 37 (3-4): 357-364.  

McClain-Ruelle, Leslie and Kao Xiong. (2005). "Continuing the promise: Recruiting and preparing Hmong-
American educators for Central Wisconsin" Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 6, 2005.

Root, Steven., Rudawski, Anthony., Taylor, Matthew., and Ronald Rochon. (2003). “Attrition of Hmong Students
in Teacher Education Programs.” Bilingual Research Journal 24(1): 137-141.

Crevier, Melissa. (2002). Hmong Students at UW-Stout: Factors Influencing Attendance and Retention in a
Post  Secondary Institution. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Garrity, C.A. (2002). Hmong Women in a Non-Traditional College: The Replacement of Fragmented
Backgrounds with American Individualism. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Saint Thomas (St. Paul, MN).

Jiang, Binbin (1999). Transfer in the academic language development of post-secondary ESL students, EdD
dissertation. California State University, Fresno and University of California - Davis

Schulz, Rosemarie (1998). Teaching strategies, beliefs, and behaviors of the Hmong and general education
teachers in the technical college, PhD dissertation. The University of Wisconsin – Madison.

Xiong, Youa. (1998). Where they are now: The second follow-up study of the 1992 college-bound Hmong
graduates. M.S. thesis, Universityof Wisconsin, Stout.

Bosher, S. (1997). “Language and cultural identity: A study of Hmong students at the postsecondary level.”
TESOL QUARTERLY. 31(3): 593-603.

Lee, S.J. (1997). “The Road to College: Hmong American Women’s Pursuit of Higher Education.” Harvard
Educational Review 67(4): 803-27.

Shields, Cynthia Rose (1997). Predictors of academic success for first generation language minority community
college students, EdD dissertation. University of California – Davis.

Otto, T.U. (1993). Effects of Grade Inflation on the Stress Levels of First Generation Hmong Immigrant Students
Enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Stout. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Yang, T.T. and X. Yang. (1991). “Hmong Yang: College Graduates 1968-1991” Minneapolis: the authors.

Chen, X. (1990). Assessment of the Vocational Decision-Making Skills of Hmong College Students Using the
Vocational Decision Making Interview. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin – Stout.

Janssen, Luc Ghislain (1987). The Integration Of Hmong Adults Into American Society Through The Community
College: A Participatory Study Of The Possibilities Of Cultural Preservation. (Volume I And II), EdD dissertation.
University Of San Francisco.

Dwyer, S. (1982). An Error Analysis of English Compositions Written by Hmong College Students. In the Hmong
in the West: Observations and Reports. B.T. Downing and D.P. Olney, eds., pp. 226-248. Minneapolis: Center
for Urban and Regional Affairs, University of Minnesota.