HMONG HUMAN RIGHTS NEWS ARTICLES 1979-Present

Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

(Please note, the portrayals in many of the articles in the mainstream Thai press reflect the status of the
Hmong as a minority in the country).

HMONG HUMAN RIGHTS NEWS ARTICLES

2006

Thailand to deport over 6,500 ethnic Hmongs to Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific, December 19, 2006

THAILAND COMMENTARY - HMONG REFUGEES MUST BE SAFELY AND PROPERLY REPATRIATED TO
LAOS, Thai Press Reports, December 19, 2006

Hmong deportation attempt damages Thailand, The Nation (Thailand), December 18, 2006

THAILAND EUROPEAN UNION PRAISES THAILAND FOR NOT DEPORTING HMONG REFUGEES TO LAOS,
Thai Press Reports, December 18, 2006

LAOS HMONG ETHNIC GROUP SURRENDER TO LAOTIAN AUTHORITIES, Thai Press Reports, December
18, 2006

Hmong refugees deserve better, The Nation (Thailand), December 15, 2006 Friday

THAILAND FOREIGN MINISTRY SAYS THAILAND WILL NOT DEPORT HMONG REFUGEES TO LAOS AT
THIS TIME, Thai Press Reports, December 15, 2006

LAOS ABOUT 400 HMONG MINORITIES TURN THEMSELVES OVER TO AUTHORITIES, Thai Press Reports,
December 15, 2006

Laos ready to accept thousands of Hmongs in Thailand, Xinhua General News Service, December 15, 2006

EU welcomes Thai move not to deport 152 Hmong to Laos - paper, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, December 14, 2006

Lao Hmong refugees face extreme danger in Laos if deported from Thailand, The Nation (Thailand),
December 14, 2006

THAILAND THAILAND DELAYS DEPORTATION OF HMONG REFUGEES TO LAOS, Thai Press Reports,
December 14, 2006

Over 400 ethnic Hmongs surrender to Lao authorities - Thai daily, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, December 13, 2006

Laos blasts UNHCR for involvement in Hmong deportation, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, December 13, 2006

Hundreds of ethnic Hmongs surrender in Laos after decades on the run, supporters say, The Associated
Press, December 13, 2006

Mass surrender of Hmong hill tribe people in Laos recalls tragic legacy of Vietnam War, The Associated
Press, December 13, 2006

Thailand not to deport 152 Hmong migrants to Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied by BBC
Worldwide Monitoring, December 12, 2006

Bangkok agrees to give details of Hmong to Laos, The Nation (Thailand), December 9, 2006

UN calls on Thai authorities not to deport 194 Hmong refugees, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, December 8, 2006

UN in urgent talk to prevent deportation of Hmong, The Nation (Thailand), December 8, 2006

THAILAND HUMAN RIGHTS GROUPS ACCUSE THAILAND OF HARSH TREATMENT OF HMONG REFUGEES,
Thai Press Reports, December 8, 2006

Concern over rough treatment of Hmong refugees, The Nation (Thailand), December 6, 2006

LAOS LAOS ASKS THAILAND TO PROVIDE DETAILS ON HMONG REFUGEES, Thai Press Reports,
December 4, 2006

Lao envoy says Hmong refugees to be repatriated if origin clear - Thai paper, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific -
Political Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, December 3, 2006

Vientiane seeks details of Hmong, The Nation (Thailand), November 30, 2006

THAILAND UNHCR CRITICIZES THAI GOVERNMENT FOR DEPORTING HMONG REFUGEES TO LAOS, Thai
Press Reports, November 21, 2006

UNHCR official says Thai deportation of Lao Hmong "most regrettable", BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, November 19, 2006

Thailand detains 190 Hmong, Vietnamese migrants with UN documents, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, November 18, 2006

194 illegal aliens nabbed, The Nation (Thailand), November 18, 2006

Vientiane willing to take Hmong back, The Nation (Thailand), November 14, 2006

THAILAND LAOS CAN ACCEPT RETURN OF HMONGS IN THAILAND, SAYS THAI MILITARY CHIEF, Thai
Press Reports, November 14, 2006

THAILAND COMMENTARY - GOVERNMENT SHOULD NOT IGNORE HMONG REFUGEE ISSUE, Thai Press
Reports, November 1, 2006

New homes being readied for 6,000 Hmong, The Nation (Thailand), October 23, 2006

THAILAND PRIME MINISTER ASSURES LAOS THAT THAILAND WANTS CLOSER TIES, Thai Press Reports,
October 17, 2006

COMMUNITY EXPRESSES FEARS FOR HMONG IN THAILAND; Refugees face death, The Cairns Post
(Australia), September 22, 2006

Thai police arrest 35 Hmong illegal immigrants from Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied by
BBC Worldwide Monitoring, September 13, 2006

35 Hmong caught in Udon, The Nation (Thailand), September 13, 2006

THAILAND US AND UN CONCERNED OVER HMONG REFUGEES IN THAILAND, Thai Press Reports,
September 5, 2006

THAILAND US TO TAKE ONLY HMONG REFUGEES WHO FOUGHT ON ITS SIDE, Thai Press Reports,
September 5, 2006

THAILAND/LAOS LAOS DENIES ATTACKS ON HMONG, AS ACTIVISTS REPORT ABUSES IN LAOS,
THAILAND, Thai Press Reports, September 5, 2006

THAILAND US AND UN CONCERNED OVER HMONG REFUGEES IN THAILAND, Thai Press Reports,
September 5, 2006

US urges Thai authorities not to send Hmong refugees back to Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, September 1, 2006

US URGES THAI AUTHORITIES NOT TO SEND HMONG REFUGEES BACK TO LAOS, BBC Monitoring
International Reports, September 1, 2006

'In a precarious situation', The Nation (Thailand), September 1, 2006

Thailand: Activist says UN no longer needs proof of atrocities against Hmong, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific -
Political Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, August 31, 2006

THAILAND ACTIVIST SAYS UN NO LONGER NEEDS PROOF OF ATROCITIES AGAINST HMONG, BBC
Monitoring International Reports, August 31, 2006

'Persecuted and treated like animals', The Nation (Thailand), August 31, 2006

THAILAND/LAOS THAILAND AND LAOS AGREE TO WORK TOGETHER ON HMONG REFUGEE PROBLEM,
Thai Press Reports, August 23, 2006

Thailand, Laos agree cooperation to end Hmong refugee issue, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, August 22, 2006

Laos, Bangkok vow to end Hmong crisis, The Nation (Thailand), August 22, 2006

Thai officials deport 31 Hmong refugees to Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied by BBC
Worldwide Monitoring, August 18, 2006

THAI OFFICIALS DEPORT 31 HMONG REFUGEES TO LAOS, BBC Monitoring International Reports, August
18, 2006

31 Hmong refugees secretly repatriated to Laos, more may follow suit soon, The Nation (Thailand), August
18, 2006

Hmong refugees in Thailand say they fought for CIA in Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied
by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, July 24, 2006

Task to ID thousands (of Hmong) completed, The Nation (Thailand), July 24, 2006

Hmong man slain as 'war on drugs' resumes, The Nation (Thailand), July 21, 2006

THAILAND HMONG REFUGEES TO BE REPATRIATED, Thai Press Reports, July 20, 2006

Blame Laos for exodus: Vang Pao, The Nation (Thailand), July 16, 2006

Hmong chief Vang Pao blamed, The Nation (Thailand), July 14, 2006

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL EXPRESSES CONCERN OVER HEALTH OF HMONG REFUGEES, BBC
Monitoring International Reports, July 5, 2006

LAOS SAYS ARREST OF HMONG REFUGEES "AN INTERNAL THAI AFFAIR", BBC Monitoring International
Reports, July 4, 2006

Concern over Hmong refugees, The Nation (Thailand), June 26, 2006

LAOS HMONG REFUGEES ARRESTED IN THAILAND ARE NOT LAOTIANS, GOVERNMENT SAYS, Thai
Press Reports, June 14, 2006

Arrested Hmong 'not Vientiane's problem', The Nation (Thailand), June 11, 2006

THAILAND HMONG REFUGEES FROM LAOS DETAINED, Thai Press Reports, June 9, 2006

Thai police detain Hmong refugees from Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied by BBC
Worldwide Monitoring, June 7, 2006

THAI POLICE DETAIN HMONG REFUGEES FROM LAOS, BBC Monitoring International Reports, June 7, 2006

231 Hmong refugees imprisoned, The Nation (Thailand), June 7, 2006

U.S. urges Laos to investigate alleged massacre Hmong civilians, Japan Economic Newswire, June 2, 2006

Hmong people from Laos arrested while seeking asylum in Thailand, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, May 13, 2006

Khao Kho police detains 24 Hmong, The Nation (Thailand), May 13, 2006

Vietnam rejects report on killing of 26 Hmong people in Laos, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied
by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, May 10, 2006

Making a beeline for Phetchabun, The Nation (Thailand), May 4, 2006

Thai paper reports increase in children born to Lao Hmong refugees, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political
Supplied by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, April 18, 2006

FEINGOLD RAISES CONCERNS OVER TREATMENT OF HMONG DURING, Capitol Hill Press Releases,
February 24, 2006

LAOS BLAMES THAILAND FOR 'INHUMANE ACT', Thai Press Reports, February 7, 2006

UNHCR hopes Hmong children reunited with parents within weeks, Agence France Presse -- English,
February 6, 2006

Laos demands Thailand explain fate of expelled Hmong children, Agence France Presse -- English, February
3, 2006

US says Laos stand on Hmong children issue 'troubling, disappointing', Agence France Presse -- English,
February 1, 2006

THAILAND-LAOS WORK TO REUNITE HMONG CHILDREN WITH THEIR FAMILIES, Thai Press Reports,
February 1, 2006

UN says concerned about expelled Hmong children, Agence France Presse -- English, January 31, 2006

More Hmong face deportation after venturing outside village, The Nation (Thailand), January 30, 2006

Thailand, Laos in talks over expulsion of 26 Hmong children, BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific - Political Supplied
by BBC Worldwide Monitoring, January 28, 2006

THAILAND, LAOS IN TALKS OVER EXPULSION OF 26 HMONG CHILDREN, BBC Monitoring International
Reports, January 28, 2006

Hmong children illegally expelled by Thailand to Laos, fate unknown, Agence France Presse -- English,
January 26, 2006

Thailand illegally expelled Hmong children, says Laos, Agence France Presse -- English, January 26, 2006

COMRADES-IN-ARMS: Their war gone by, The Nation (Thailand), January 12, 2006

2005

Minnesota Hmong upset over reports of grave desecration The Associated Press December 1, 2005,
Thursday, BC cycle

Minnesota Hmong upset over reports of grave desecration The Associated Press December 1, 2005,
Thursday.

Thailand: Hmong refugees in us protest removal of graves Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence Wire
November 16, 2005.

Hmong graves still being dug up The Nation ( Thailand ) November 14, 2005, Monday.

Tham krabok: Anger over removal of 500 graves The Nation (Thailand) November 12, 2005, Saturday.

Tham Krabok: Anger over removal of 500 graves The Nation ( Thailand ) November 12 , 2005, Saturday.

Vietnam’s foreign ministry repudiates claims of religious repression. Global News Wire – Asia Africa
Intelligence Wire November 8, 2005.

Vietnam’s foreign ministry repudiates claims of religious repression. Global News Wire – Asia Africa
Intelligence Wire November 8, 2005

Vietnam denies report on persecution of Hmong Christian BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific – Political November 7,
2005 Monday

Vietnam denies report on persecution of Hmong Christians Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence Wire
November 7, 2005

Vietnam rejects “ fabrications” of repression against Christians Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence
Wire November 5, 2005.

Vietnam rejects “fabrications” of repression against Christians. Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence
Wire November 5, 2005

Refugees or migrants? Hill tribe people from Laos face uncertain future – again The Associated Press
September 27, 2005, Tuesday, BC cycle.

Seven Thais arrested for sheltering illegal immigrants Xinhua General News Service September 15, Thursday
3:00 am EST

Seven arrested for trafficking Hmong The Nation ( Thailand ) September 15, 2005, Thursday

Thai police arrest seven for sheltering Hmong people fleeing Laos BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific – Political
September 15, 2005, Thursday.

Thailand: more debates over Hmong refugee issue Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence Wire July 29,
2005.

Thailand: Hmong group cross border into Thailand, requests refugee status. Global News Wire – Asia Africa
Intelligence Wire July 29, 2005.

Laos minister denies Thailand raised Hmong refugee issue. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific- political July 27,
2005, Wednesday .

Laos minister denies Thailand raised Hmong refugee issue BBC Monitoring Asia pacific – Political July 27,
2005 Wednesday.

Laos minister denies Thailand raised Hmong refugee issue Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence Wire
July 27, 2005.

Borders closed to forlorn Hmong. The Australian July 16, 2005 Saturday.

Deal with Hmong refugees humanely, activists urge. The Nation ( Thailand ) July 15, 2005, Friday.

Govt halts initiative to repatriate Hmongs. The Nation ( Thailand ) July 9, 2005 , Saturday.

Thailand halts plan to put pressure on Hmong refugees to return to Laos. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific-
Political July 9, 2005, Saturday.

Thailand, Laos to discuss fate of Hmong immigrants. Xinhua General News Service July 8, 2005 Friday 1:15
am EST.

Thailand, Laos to discuss repatriation of Hmong refugees 14 July. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific-Political July 8,
2005, Friday.

Laos cool on Thai plan to repatriate 7,000 Hmong refugees but ready to talk. Agence France Presse – Eglish
July 8, 2005 Friday 7:38 am GMT.

Thailand to repatriate ethnic Hmong refugees Xinhua General News Service July 7, 2005 Thursday 1:16 am
EST

Traffickers blamed for Hmong in flux, crisis The Nation (Thailand ) July 7, 2005, Thursday

Thai security council, police to repatriate Hmong refuges back to Laos. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific-Political
July 7, 2005, Thursday

Hmong refugees threaten suicide if repatriated from Thailand to Laos. Xinhua General News Service July 6,
2005 Wednesday 4:00 am EST

Hmong refugees in Thailand protest against repatriation to Laos BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific-Political July 6,
2005, Wednesday

In brief / Thailand; Los Angeles Tines July 6, 2005 Wednesday

Baby first casualty among Hmong refugees evicted from Thai village The Associated Press July 6, 2005,
Wednesday , BC cycle

Hmong refugees in Thailand want US ( to take responsibility ) BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific-Political June 19,
2005, Sunday

Thai governor wants Hmong refugees repatriated to Laos. Global News Wire-Asia Africa Intelligence Wire
June 19, 2005

Thai authorities express concern over Hmong refugees from Laos Global News Wire-Asia Africa Intelligence.
June 14, 2005

U.S. welcomes release of last American detained in Laos after witnessing rebel surrender. The Associated
Press June 13, 2005, Monday, BC cycle

Rebels giving up 30-year struggle; Starving and destitute, 173 of their people- the old, women and kids-have
surrendered. The Straits Times ( Singapore ) June 11, 2005 Saturday.

Three Americans deported from Laos, fate of one other unknown. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific – Political June
7, 2005, Tuesday

Three Americans deported from Laos, fate of one other unknown. Global News Wire – Asia Africa Intelligence
Wire June 7, 2005

Three us nationals deported from Laos after Hmong rebels’ surrender. Agence France Presse – English June
7, 2005 Tuesday 1:58 am GMT

Hmong surrender: Four us observers missing. The Nation ( Thailand ) June 6, 2005, Monday.

Laos to deport American (Troublemakers ). Deutsche Presse-Agentur. June 6, 2005, Monday

Four us human rights workers reported missing in Laos. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific – Political June 6, 2005,
Monday

Four us nationals who witnessed Hmong rebels’ surrender in Laos arrested. Agence France Presse—English
June 6, 2005 Monday 5:03 am GMT

Hmong come down from Laos hills Vietnam chapter closes. Sunday Tasmanian ( Australia ). June 5, 2005
Sunday.

Vietnam veterans pour from jungle. Global News Wire-Europe Intelligence Wire. June 5, 2005.

Largest Hmong refugee camp closed down after 10,000 relocated to United States. The Associated Press.
May 26, 2005 Thursday, BC cycle.

Hmong refugee camp to close in central Thailand. Xinhua General News Service. May 24, 2005 Tuesday 3:00
AM EST.

Laos denies 5,000 new Hmong refugees moves to Thailand. Agence France Presse—English. May 20, 2005
Friday 8:32 AM GMT.

Thailand says 5,000 new Hmong refugees have come From Laos. Agence France Presse—English. May 19,
2005 Thursday 9:36 AM GMT.

Vietnam war continues t haunt the Hmong in Laos. Agence France Presse—English. May 11,2005
Wednesday 11:58 AM GMT.

Thai soldiers, villagers protest planned relocation of 600 Laotian Hmongs. Global News Wire-Asia Africa
Intelligence Wire. March 23, 2005.

Told to comply with Thai family laws. Global news wire-Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. February 22, 2005.

Thailand’s minority tribe Hmong want voting rights. Global News Wire-Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. February
7, 2005.



2004

“A Plant that is Central to Hmong Beliefs.” The Nation (Thailand), December 20, 2004. (Article describes
Hmong arrested for growing the Ganchong plant which Thai police confuse with Marijauna).

“Immigrant Dilemma; Uncertainty Over Status of Hmong Group (In Phetchabun).” The Nation (Thailand),
November 17, 2004.

“159 Lao Hmong Await Deportation in Loei (to Laos).” The Nation (Thailand), November 15, 2004.

“Thai Police Arrest 150 Illegal Lao Immigrants.” Xinhua General News Service, November 10, 2004.

“Laos Tells U.S. Embassy Ethnic Cleansing Report False.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, September 18, 2004.

“Laos Needs to Move Past Old Animosity.” Editorial, The Nation (Thailand), September 18, 2004.

“Lao Spokesman Says Video of Atrocities Against Hmong ‘Fabricated.’” BBC Monitoring International Reports,
December 15, 2004.

“Hmong Slaughter Tape Video a Fabrication, Says Laos.” The Nation (Thailand), September 15, 2004.

“Video Shows Atrocities Against Ethnic Hmong in Laos – Thai Source.” BBC Monitoring International Reports,
September 14, 2004.

“Rights Group (Amnesty International) Calls Killings in Laos War Crimes.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur,
September 14, 2004.

“Children of Laos Tribe Butchered by Soldiers’” Kim Sengupta, The Independent (UK), September 14, 2004.

“New Video Shows Murdered, Starved Children in Laos.” The Nation (Thailand), September 14, 2004.

“Hopes Dashed: Thai Troops Remove (Hmong) Refugees Desperate for New Life in U.S.” The Guardian (UK),
August 26, 2004.

“2,000 Hmong (Refugees) Face Deportation.” The Nation (Thailand), August 26, 2004.

“Thailand Detains 1,500 (Hmong) Refugees Who Seek Resettlement in U.S.” The New York Times, August 26,
2004.

“U.S. Expects 6,000 Hmong from Thailand by end of September.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, August 25, 2004.

“Laos Welcomes Hmong (refugee) Resettlement (to U.S. from Thailand).” Xinhua General News Service,
August 19, 2004.

“Nan Hilltribe People (Hmong) Get Citizenship Documents.” Thai Press Reports, August 11, 2004.

“About 700 Hilltribe People (Hmong) in Nan Receive Thai Citizenship.” Thai Press Reports, August 9, 2004.

“700 Hmong Now Official Thai Citizens.” The Nation (Thailand), August 8, 2004.

“Thailand Comes Under Fire for Extraditing 16 Rebels to Laos.” Channel News Asia, July 7, 2004.

“Resettlement Plan: Hmong Ask U.S. to up Intake (Hmong Refugees from Thailand).” The Nation (Thailand),
July 6, 2004.

“Laos Dissidents Secretly Repatriated from Thailand, Rule of Law Undermined: Black List Agreement May
Target Hmong, says CPPA.” U.S. Newswire, July 6, 2004.

“Onwards to a New Beginning and Liberty (Hmong Refugees in Wat Tham Krabok).” The Nation (Thailand),
June 23, 2004.

“First Hmong Refugees Leave Thailand for U.S. After Decades-Long Wait.” Agence France Presse-English,
June 22, 2004.

“Hmong Exodus: 24 Refugees Board First Flight to U.S.” The Nation (Thailand), June 22, 2004.

“Hmong Refugees Depart for U.S. after Decades in Thai Camps.” Deutsche Press-Agentur, June 21, 2004.

“Vietnam Answers Questions on Jailed Dissident, Hmong Christians.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, May 28,
2004.

“U.S. Congress Asks Laos to Halt Violence Against Hmong Rebels.” Agence France Presse – English, May 7,
2004.

“Last of the Hmong Refugees.” The Nation (Thailand), May 5, 2004.

“Loyalty to U.S. Finally Paying Off for Hmong; Nearly Three Decades After They Last Fought Communists in
Their Native Laos, Refugees at a Thai Camp are to get American Citizenship.” David Lamb, Los Angeles
Times, April 18, 2004.

“Call for Hmong Monitors (In Laos).” The Nation (Thailand), April 9, 2004.

“U.S. Seeks UN Probe on Hmong Abuse Claims in Laos.” Channel NewsAsia, March 26, 2004.

“Vietnam Rejects Reports Its Army Involved in Recent Hmong Killings (Laos).” Deutsche Press Agentur, March
9, 2004.

“Up to 700 Hmong Rebels Reportedly Surrender to Lao Authorities.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, March 5,
2004.

“Estranged Laotian Tribesmen Turning Themselves In to Government.” Grant Peck, The Associated Press,
March 4, 2004.

“Hmong Resettlement: Proven Drug Addicts Need Not Apply.” The Nation (Thailand), March 3, 2004.

“Vietnamese Spokesman Rejects Allegation of Religious Oppression (Hmong Christians).” BBC Monitoring
International Reports, March 18, 2004.

“Vietnam Rejects Reports Its Army Involved in Recent Hmong Killings (Laos).” Deutsche Presse-Agentur,
March 9, 2004.

“Lao Rebels Give Up 30-Year War.” The Weekend Australian, March 6, 2004.

“Up to 700 Hmong Rebels Reportedly Surrender to Lao Authorities.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, March 5,
2004.

“700 Hmong Surrender.” The Nation (Thailand), March 5, 2004.

“Estranged Laotian Tribesmen Turning Themselves in to Government.” Grant Peck, The Associated Press,
March 4, 2004.

“U.S. Promises New Life for Hmong in Thailand, but Some Fear More Hardship.” Channel NewsAsia, March 3,
2004.

“Hmong Resettlement: Proven Drug Addicts Need Not Apply; U.S. Says There Will be no Second Chance for
Anyone Who Tests Positive.” The Nation (Thailand), March 3, 2004.

“A Life in Exile – Laotian Hmong Look to Future in U.S.; While the Young see Resettlement from Thailand to
the U.S. as a Real Opportunity, the Elderly are Wary.” The Straits Times (Singapore), February 23, 2004.

“U.S. Opens Door to 15,000 Hmongs.” The Nation (Thailand), February 19, 2004.

“Laos Denies It is Starving Hmong Rebels.” The Nation (Thailand), January 12, 2004.

2003





“United States Announces Plan to Resettle Hmong Refugees from Thai Temple.” Daniel Lovering, Associated
Press, December 19, 2003.

“15,000 Laotian Hmong Refugees to be Allowed to Resettle in U.S.” The New York Times, December 19, 2003.

“U.S. Agrees to Accept Hmong Refugees.” Thai Press Reports, December 19, 2003.

“Thailand Welcomes U.S. Decision to Resettle Hmong.” Xinhua General News Service, December 19, 2003.

“Hmong Saga: U.S. to Accept Refugees.” The Nation (Thailand), December 19, 2003.

“U.S. to Take in Thousands of Ethnic Hmong Lao Refugees in Thailand.” Agence France Presse, December
18, 2003.

“14,000 Hmong Refugees from Laos to be Resettled in U.S (From Thailand).” Deutsche Presse-Agentur,
December 18, 2003.

“Policeman Hurt in Clash (with Hmong).” Bangkok Post, November 10, 2003.

“Hmong Relocation to Go Ahead as Planned.” Anucha Charoenpo and Wassana Nanuam, Bangkok Post,
November 9, 2003.

“Villagers March Against Hmong People Moving to Their District (Pak Chong District, Thailand).” Sarit Srisang,
Bangkok Post, November 8, 2003.

“Rebels Operate From Thai Soil.” Wassana Nanuam, Bangkok Post, October 18, 2003.

“Travel: Far East: Vietnam: Hmong Friends: Sue Clayton Heads for the Mountains to See the Benefits of
Ethical Trade Among the Local Tribes.” The Guardian (U.K.), October 11, 2003.

“Hmong Rebels’ ‘Revolution’ in Laos a Desperate Last Act of the Vietnam War.” Associated Press, September
17, 2003.

“Inside Laos: Rare Glimpses of Forgotten (Hmong) Rebels.” The New York Times, September 15, 2003.

“Lao Gulags: Former Inmate Tells of Grim Times in ‘Re-Education Camp’.” Grant Evans, Book Review, The
Bangkok Post, September 13, 2003.

“Hmong Rebels in Laos Face Famine, Exhaustion: Amnesty International.” Asia AFP, September 12, 2003.

“Trouble in Laos.” Harish C. Mehta, The Asian Wall Street Journal, September 11, 2003. “Hmong Refugees:
Protests Spur Shift in Relocation Plans: Bid to Find New Site After Laos Complains (about proposed
movement of ethnic Hmong from Saraburi Province to Ban Na Phor Centre in Nakhon Phanom, Thailand).”
Wassana Nanuaum, September 4, 2003.

“Thai Army Cancels Planned Relocation of Hmong After Protests from Locals, Laos.” Wassana Nanuam,
Global News Wire, The Financial Times, September 4, 2003.

“U.N. Takes Action on Racial Discrimination in Laos.” VOA News, September 4, 2003.

“Licensed to Kill: While Burma’s Junta is Justly Reviled, Lao’s Brutal Leaders Get Away with Murder.” Andrew
Perrin, Time Asia Magazine, June 23, 2003.

“Troops to Protect Hmong Community (Wat Tham Krabok).” Bangkok Post, June 21, 2003.

“Bus Explosion in Laos Kills 1, Injures 20.” June 20, 2003.

“Laos to Finish Investigating Reporters by June-end.” (Reporters Caught Investigating Hmong situation in
Laos). Reuters, June 18, 2003.

“Canadian Tourist Who Met Journalists Tells Story of Their Arrest in Laos.” (Reporters Caught Investigating
Hmong situation in Laos). Alisa Tang, Canadian Press, June 17, 2003.

“French Diplomat ‘Should’ Meet Journalists Held in Laos Monday.” (Reporters Caught Investigating Hmong
situation in Laos). Asia-AFP, June 15, 2003.

“Diplomats Demand to See Detained Reporters in Laos.” (Reporters Caught Investigating Hmong situation in
Laos). Napporn Wong-Anan, Reuters, June 13, 2003.

“Laos Won’t Let Diplomats See Detained Foreign Journalists.” (Reporters Caught Investigating Hmong
situation in Laos). Associated Press, June 13, 2003.

“Groups Demand Journalists’ Release.” (Reporters Caught Investigating Hmong situation in Laos). News.com.
au, June 12, 2003.

“Righs Groups Fear for Safety of Detained Journalists, Locals in Laos.” (Reporters Caught Investigating
Hmong situation in Laos). Asia – AFP, June 12, 2003.

“(Thai) Drug War’s Legacy: A (Hmong) Village of Widows and Orphans.” The Nation (Thailand), May 28, 2003.

“Military Drops Plan to Move Hmong to Tak (Province from Wat Tham Krabok).” Wassana Nanuam, May 20,
2003.

“Welcome to the Jungle: Recruited by the CIA to be a Secret Army During the Vietnam War, the Hmong
Rebels of Laos Fought Communism. Now They Desperately Battle for Their Own Survival.” Andrew Perrin,
Time Magazine, May 5, 2003.

“Lao Bus Attack Leaves 12 Dead.” The Nation (Thailand), April 22, 2003.

“Officials Downplay Latest Laos Attacks.” Kurt Achin, VOA News, April 22, 2003.

“Gunmen Attack Bus in Laos, 12 Dead, Dozens Wounded.” Reuters, April 22, 2003.

“Fresh Bus Attack in Laos: Reports from Laos Say At Least 10 People Were Killed After Gunmen Opened File
on a Bus Traveling Between the Tourist Resort of Luang Prabang and the Capital Vientiane.” Jonathan Head,
BBC News UK Edition, April 21, 2003.

“Disappearance (of Hmong-American Man) Complicates U.S.-Laos Relations.” Michael Doyle, Sacramento
Bee, April 15, 2003.

“Open Dissent Stirs Against Laos’ Regime.” Joshua Kurlantzick, The Washington Times, April 11, 2003.

“U.S. Slams Human Rights Abuses Across Indochina.” Chris Johnson, Reuters, April 1, 2003.

“Laos’ Unlucky 13: The Government Points to Hmong Rebels for the Deaths of 12 People in Laos – But Does
Little to Catch the Killers.” Andrew Perrin, Time Asia, February 17, 2003.

“State Policy Hurting Children (Wat Tham Krabok).” Sanitsuda Ekachai, Bangkok Post, February 13, 2003.

“Can Education Post a Security Threat?” (Wat Tham Krabok Camp) The Nation (Thailand), February 6, 2003.

“Hmong Move Fought in Tak (Thailand Province)( proposed move from Wat Tham Krabok).” David
Haffenreffer, Ceci Rodgers, The Nation (Thailand), January 28, 2003.

“Thai Villagers (Tak Village – Northern Thailand) Protest Relocation of Hmong from Temple (Wat Thram
Krabok).” Associated Press, January 27, 2003.

2002

“Door to Shut on Refugees.” Piyanart Srivalo, The Nation, December 30, 2002

“(Wat Tham Krabok) Refugees at Saraburi to Oppose Move (to Tak Province).” Anucha Charoenpo, Bangkok
Post, December 30, 2002

“Hmong Relocation (from Wat Tham Krabok to Tak Province): Refugees at Saraburi to Oppose Move: NSC
Plan Considered Abuse of Human Rights.” Anucha Charoenpo, Bangkok Post, December 30, 2002.

“Military Devises Alternative Plan for Hmong (Wat Tham Krabok).” Wassana Nanuam, Bangkok Post,
December 20, 2002.

“Protest Builds Against Plan to Move Hmong (from Wat Tham Krabok to Tak Province).” Supamart Kasem,
Bangkok Post, December 18, 2002.

“Laos Rejects Thailand’s Planned Repatriation of 30,000 Ethnic Hmong.” BBC Monitoring International
Reports, December 13, 2002.

“Protest Expands over Plan to Shift Hmong.” Asia Africa Intelligence Wire, November 12, 2002.

“(Tak Province) Villagers Don’t Want Hmong Among Them.” Supamart Kasem, Bangkok Post, November 3,
2002.

“Laos: Details of New Hmong Shortwave Broadcast Established.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, November 1,
2002.

“Hmong Going Without Schooling (Wat Tham Krabok).” Onnucha Hutasingh, Bangkok Post, October 14, 2002.

“Future Uncertain for Tham Krabok Folk.” Onnucha Hutasingh and Anucha Charoenpo, Bangkok Post,
October 6, 2002.

“Thailand Informs Laos of Planned Relocation of 20,000 Anti-Laos Ethnic Hmongs.” (From Wat Tham Krabok
to Tak Province in Northern Thailand), BBC Monitoring International Reports, September 27, 2002.

“Drivers, Poor People Waste National Park.” Bangkok Post, September 23, 2002.

“Hmong Set for Move from Wat Tham Krabok to Tak (Province).” Bangkok Post, September 7, 2002.

“Military Plan to Start Relocations (from Wat Tham Krabok to Tak Province), Wassana Nanuam, Bangkok
Post, September 6, 2002.

“Vietnamese Border Police Kill Suspected Hmong Rebel.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, August 23, 2002.

“Thailand Fails to Persuade Laos to Accept 20,000 Stranded Hmong Refugees (from Wat Tham Krabok).”
BBC Monitoring International Reports, June 24, 2002.

“Thai-Lao Talks: No Consensus on Hmong Refugees (Wat Tham Krabok).” The Nation (Thailand), June 22,
2002.

“30,000 to be Relocated from Tham Krabok (Nakhon Phanom).” Wassana Nanuam, May 11, 2002.

“Hmong Man Aims High (First Hmong in Thailand to be Admitted to Medical School).” Bangkok Post, May 8,
2002.

“Fruitful Crop Switch (among Hmong).” Achara Pongvutitham, The Nation (Thailand), April 9, 2002.

“Lao Exports ‘Often Contain Narcotics.” The Nation (Thailand), January 25, 2002.

2001

“Vietnam Concerned Over Rise in Homemade Rifles (Among Hmong and Thai).” Deutsche Press-Agentur,
September 7, 2001.

“New Body Proposed to Referee Water Wars (Among Hmong and other Ethnic Groups in Thailand).” Bangkok
Post, September 3, 2001.

“Farmers Blamed for Deforestation, Floods: Irrigation Chief Puts in New Bid for Dam.” Bangkok Post, August
16, 2001.

“Rights-Thailand: Hilltribes Still Battling Discrimination.” Teena Amrit Gill, Inter Press Service, August 13, 2001.

“Development: ILO Cites Work With Hilltribes in North; Children Taught Own Customs as well as National
Curriculum.” Bangkok Post, August 9, 2001.

“Environment: Hmong Not Doing What They Should; Queen Had Warned of Forest Destruction.” Bangkok
Post, August 2, 2001.

“In Brief: Opium Find.” Bangkok Post, July 19, 2001.

“Hmongs are Not Separatists.” Editorial, Bangkok Post, July 8, 2001.

“In Brief: Hmong Rally (Seeking Apology for newspaper reporting accusing Hmong in Chiang Rai of seeking
autonomy from Thailand).” Bangkok Post, July 5, 2001.

“Hmong Threaten Lawsuit Over Report.” The Nation (Thailand), July 5, 2001.

“Ethnic Minority: Newspaper Article Makes Hmong Irate; Group to Call Down Curses on Editor.” Bangkok Post,
July 4, 2001.

“Ethnic Minority: Five Panels to Look into Temple Issue (Wat Tham Krabok).” Bangkok Post, July 4, 2001.

“Vietnam Bus” (Tragic Accident Involving Hmong Repatriated from Laos). AAP Newsfeed, June 28, 2001.

“Wat Tham Krabok: Tighter Controls Urged on Hmong; Links with Drugs, Lao Rebels Seen.” Bangkok Post,
June 21, 2001.

“Thai Defence Ministers Orders Tighter Control of Lao (Hmong) Refugees in Central Province (Wat Tham
Krabok).” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, June 21, 2001.

“Drugs: Six Arrested in Raids on Hilltribe Villages (Tak Province).” Bangkok Post, June 14, 2001.

“Drug Suppression: Half a Million Pills Seized, 19 Arrested.” Bangkok Post, June 9, 2001.

“In Brief: Drug Abstinence Oath-Taking (Ceremony for Hmong in Wat Tham Krabok).” Bangkok Post, June 8,
2001.

“A Drink to Beat Drugs (Wat Tham Krabok).” The Straits Times (Singapore), June 8, 2001.

“Three Held with Two Tonnes of Caffeine.” Bangkok Post, May 27, 2001.

“Crime: Police Officer Accused of Swindling Hmong Farmers.” Bangkok Post, May 14, 2001.

“U.S. – Based Group Urges ASEAN to Protest Presence of Vietnamese Troops (in Laos).” BBC Summary of
World Broadcasts, February 22, 2001.

“NGO urges ASEAN Protest Over VN Troops in Laos.” Kulachada Chaipipat, February 21, 2001.

2000

“In Brief: Death Sentence (Hmong Woman).” Bangkok Post, December 23, 2000.

“Election 2000: Man and Forest Must Coexist.” Bangkok Post, October 30, 2000.

“Exiled Prince Calls for Democracy in Laos.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, October 7, 2000.

“Laos Rejects Human Rights Abuse Charges.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, September 30, 2000.

“In Brief: Party Faces Probe (for Recruiting Hmong (Non-Citizens) as Members).” Bangkok Post, September
26, 2000.

“Comment: Reporting Events in Laos: Are Things Really as They Appear?” Bangkok Post, September 26,
2000.

“Hmong Move to Ease Rift with Lowlanders: Inquiry Sought Into Raids on Orchards.” Bangkok Post,
September 19, 2000.

“Commentary: Hmong and Thai Must Live Together.” Bangkok Post, September 17, 2001.

“Laos Sentences Three Hmong to Jail for Heroin Trafficking.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, September 8, 2000.

“Land Conflict: Lowlanders Threaten New Raid on Hmong Hilltribe: Get Warning to Vacate Forest Area.”
Bangkok Post, September 4, 2000.

“Highland Farmers in Shock Over Attack on Lychee Orchards: Authorities Said They Could Do Nothing.”
Bangkok Post, September 4, 2000.

“Border/Pla Kang Orchard Raid: Hmong Dignity ‘Crushed’: Highlanders Seek Legal Assistance After Violent
Attack.” Bangkok Post, August 29, 2000.

“Border: Officials’ Hand in Raid (on Hmong Lychee Plantations) Denied.” Bangkok Post, August 26, 2000.

“Hilltribe Dispute: Ploddrasop Rules Out Intervention: Raid (on Hmong Lychee Plantations) Seen as a Way to
Settle Old Scores.” Bangkok Post, August 24, 2000.

“Commentary: Why the Racial Violence Now? (Raid on Hmong Lychee Plantations)” Bangkok Post, August 24,
2000.

“Rural Conflict: Locals Raid (Hmong) Hilltribe Forest Plantations; Villagers Urge Swift Governmental Action.”
Bangkok Post, August 23, 2000.

“Forestry: Thousands (of Hmong) Under Threat of Eviction: Declaration of Park Destroys Livelihood.”
Bangkok Post, August 20, 2000.

“Rebels, Internal Dissent Threaten Laos.” Denis D. Gray, Associated Press, August 7, 2000.

“Hmong-American Still Missing After Disappearance En Route to Laos.” Frederic C. Frommer, Associated
Press, August 4, 2000.

“An Indochina Flashback: Old Tremors Rock Laos.” Seth Mydans, New York Times, July 20, 2000.

“In Brief: Attack Scare.” Bangkok Post, July 11, 2000.

“Vietnam Insists Military Hospital in Laos is Unrelated to Unrest.” Agence France Presse, July 4, 2000.

“Laos is in the Grip of Uneasy Unrest, Fuelled by Improving Links Between Its Minority Groups: No Smoke
Without Fire.” Greg Torode, South China Morning Post, July 2, 2000.

“Laos Blames Overeas Hmong: Local Conflicts Ruled Out as Bombing Cause.” Bangkok Post, July 1, 2000.

“Wat Tham Krabok: Blast Linked to Drug Conflict.” Bangkok Post, June 30, 2000.

“Threat to Close Hmong Enclave (Wat Tham Krabok) Over Drugs.” Agence France Presse, June 29, 2000.

“(Drug) Suppression Drive to be Stepped Up (On Minorities).” Bangkok Post, June 29, 2000.

“Bomb Blast at Monastery (Wat Tham Krabok) Injures Six.” The Nation (Thailand), June 28, 2000.

“Six Injured by Bomb Explosion at Buddhist Temple in Thailand.” The Associated Press, June 27, 2000.

“2 Killed, 4 Injured in Thai Temple Blast.” Kyodo News Service, June 27, 2000.

“Bomb at Famed Thai Temple (Wat Tham Krabok) Injures Seven.” United Press International, June 27, 2000.

“Bomb Explosion at Notorious Thai Temple (Wat Tham Krabok) Injures Seven.” Deutsche Press-Agentur,
June 27, 2000.

“In Brief: Anti-Hmong Rally (Chiang Klang District). Bangkok Post, June 23, 2000.

“Refugees: Laos Rights Group to Lobby U.S. to Take in 116 Hmong – Last Batch at Napho Dreads
Repatriation.” Bangkok Post, June 21, 2000.

“Editorial: Laos’ Unfounded Phobia of Thailand.” Bangkok Post, June 16, 2000.

“U.S. Based Lao Group Accuses Laos of Persecuting Hmong People.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
June 15, 2000.

“Laos, Thailand Reject Report of Bangkok Support for Bombers (in Vientiane).” BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, June 14, 2000.

“Thailand, Laos Dismiss Report on Thai Role in Vientiane Blasts.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, June 13, 2000.

“(Lao) Foreign Ministry Denies Reports of Presence of Vietnamese Troops.” BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, June 10, 2000.

“Laos Scoffs at Military Aid Reports.” Bangkok Post, June 6, 2000.

“(Lao) Minister Concerned over Thai Border Security.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May 24, 2000.

“Thai-Lao Relations: Time Needed on Hmong Issue – Intrusion ‘Can’t be Stopped Overnight.’” Bangkok Post,
May 23, 2000.

“Commentary: To Settle Peacefully or Live on In Conflict (Hmong and Thai in Northern Thailand), Wasant
Techa Wongtham, Bangkok Post, May 19, 2000.

“Thai-Lao Relations: Surin Denies Hmong are Using Sanctuary as Base for Attacks: Violence Linked to
Internal Politics.” Bangkok Post, May 4, 2000.

“Thai Foreign Minister Says Violence in Laos Shouldn’t Affect Ties.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring, May 4, 2000.

“(Thai) Premier to Visit Laos to Improve Bilateral Relations.” The Nation (Thailand), April 27, 2000.

“Police Nab Speed Merchant: Sniffer Dogs Discover Tablets in Fertiliser.” Bangkok Post, April 25, 2000.

“Laos Rejects U.S. Request for Cooperation in Hmong Search.” Kyodo News Service, April 6, 2000.

“Laos Says Tourist Restaurant Blast a ‘Terrorist’ Attack.” Agence France Presse, April 4, 2000.

“Hmong Rebels Step Up Resistance in Laos.” Matthew Pennington, Associated Press, March 27, 2000.

“U.S. Warns Laos and Burma Over Rights.” The Nation (Thailand), March 25, 2000.

“Corrected: U.S. Says No MFN for Laos Until Disappearances.” Tim Johnson, Kyodo News Service, March 24,
2000.

“Tribesmen Held with 66,000 Speed Pills.” Bangkok Post, March 12, 2000.

“Encroachers Threaten Wildlife Park.” Bangkok Post, February 22, 2000.

“Senate Election: Tribesmen to Follow Leaders’ Advice: Keen on ‘Helpful’ Candidates Only.” Bangkok Post,
February 15, 2000.

“Villagers Call for Eviction of Hmong from Forest Land.” Bangkok Post, February 8, 2000.

“In Brief: Hmong Killed.” Bangkok Post, January 18, 2000.

1999

“Fate of Missing (Hmong-American Men at Laos-Thailand Border) Played Out in Cold War Rivalries, Frederic
J. Frommer, Associated Press, December 27, 1999.

“Derivations of the Hmong Diaspora (in Thailand).” Bangkok Post, December 26, 1999.

“Hmong Cared For” (Story about U.S. State Department Response to Allegations of Mistreated Hmong
Repatriated from Nakhon Phanom Refugee Camps in Thailand to Laos.” Bangkok Post, December 5, 1999.

“Hmong Told to Leave (Wat Tham Krabok) Temple and Go Home: Lao Troops Visit Wat on Mission to Gather
Intelligence.” Bangkok Post, November 30, 1999.

“Managing our Ethnic Diversity.” (In Thailand). Bangkok Post, November 30, 1999.

“U.S. Defends Laotian Government, Seeks Help in Finding Missing Americans.” David Briscoe, Associated
Press, November 29, 1999.

“A Brighter Future.” (Story about Hmong in Northern Thailand). The Nation (Thailand), November 29, 1999.

“Hmong Held on Drug Charge.” Bangkok Post, November 24, 1999.

“Environment: Hmong Turn Away From Old Practices: Effort to Allay Fears for Local Watershed.” Bangkok
Post, November 17, 1999.

“A Visionary Monarch (King of Thailand’s Suggested Policy for Forest Management Policies in Northern
Thailand).” Bangkok Post, October 9, 1999.

“Repatriation: Years in Exile End for Hundreds of Hmong.” September 29, 1999.

“Sukhumhand Firm on Lao Camp Closing (Nakhon Phanom Hmong Refugee Camp).” September 25, 1999.
“Narcotics: Drug Busters Raid Hmong Community: Nine Suspects Held at Wat Tham Krabok.” Bangkok Post,
September 9, 1999.

“In Brief: Hmong Charged.” Bangkok Post, July 22, 1999.

“In Brief: Drug Dealer Killed in Police Gun Fight.” Bangkok Post, June 21, 1999.

“A Silent Majority.” (Editorial about Minority Groups in Northern Thailand) Bangkok Post, June 6, 1999.

“Natural Scapegoats.” (Article about Drug Raid in Hmong village in Northern Thailand). Bangkok Post, June 6,
1999.

“Plight of Northern Hilltribes Deserves Immediate Attention.” Susan Offner, The Nation (Thailand), May 27,
1999.

“Monastery to Consult State on Drug Plan.” (Wat Tham Krabok). The Nation, May 11, 1999.

“Phra Chamroom.” (Obituary for Thai monk who gave Lao Hmong refugees shelter at Wat Tham Krabok).
Bangkok Post, May 9, 1999.

“Phra Charun, 73;” (Obituary for Thai monk who gave Lao Hmong refugees shelter at Wat Tham Krabok),
Boston Globe, May 6, 1999.

“Wat Tham Krabok – Drug Therapy Will Resume Says Late Abbot’s Brother.” Bangkok Post, May 6, 1999.

“Monk Who Treated Thai Addicts Dies at 73.” (Obituary for Thai monk who gave Lao Hmong refugees shelter
at Wat Tham Krabok). Associated Press, May 5, 1999.

“Obituary/Phra Chamroon Panchan – The Former Policeman who Opened His Doors to the Desperate.”
(Obituary for Thai monk who gave Lao Hmong refugees shelter at Wat Tham Krabok). Bangkok Post, May 5,
1999.

“Thamkrabok abbot Passes Away at 73.” The Nation (Thailand), May 5, 1999.

“Commentary: Reform Alone Can Defuse the Bomb” (Editorial about Conflict between Thai and Hmong and
other Ethnic Minorities in Forest Villages of Northern Thailand). Bangkok Post, April 22, 1999.

“Thai PM Seeks Myanmar Help to End Border Violence.” Xinhua News Agency, April 12, 1999.

“Don’t Deport Hmong and Lao Refugees.” Vang Pobzeb, Editorial, The Nation (Thailand), March 16, 1999.
“Thailand Asks Laos to Take Back Hmong Refugees.” (Nakhon Phanom Refugee Camp). Agence France
Presse, March 5, 1999.

“Lao Prime Minister Still Suspicious of Hmong Refugees in Thailand.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, March 5,
1999.

“Thai Hill Tribe Says No to Opium.” Craig Skehan, The Age (Melbourne, Australia), March 4, 1999.

“Albright Praises Thai Drug-Eradication Plan.” The Nation (Thailand), March 4, 1999.

“Lao-PM’s Visit Should Boost Bilateral Relations.” The Nation (Thailand), March 4, 1999.

“Albright Lauds Thailand, Slams Myanmar Over Drugs.” Kyodo News Service, March 3, 1999.

“Albright Visits Thai Rehabilitation Programme For Drug Addicts and Prostitutes.” Agence France Presse,
March 2, 1999.

“Among the Hmong: Interview with a Girl Reveals the Situation of Many Girls in Thailand.” New Moon
Magazine, March 1999.

“Northern Thailand to be Hit by Water Crisis.” Xinhua News Agency, January 30, 1999.

“Secluded Sapa: Tourists Discovering Unspoiled Mountains in Vietnam.” Paul Alexander, Associated Press,
January 11, 1999.

1998

“Drug Suppression: Hilltribe Villagers – Children Taught New Skills: Drive to End Reliance on Drug-Related
Trade.” Bangkok Post, November 23, 1998.

“Hilltribe Tour with a Difference.” Bangkok Post, November 12, 1998.

“Government Plan to Repatriate Remaining Hmong Laotians.” Business Day (Thailand), November 10, 1998.

“Hmong Exchange Fire with Officials.” (Thailand Wildlife Sanctuary), October 23, 1998.

“Hilltribe People/Wat Tham Krabok – Future Looks Bleak for Hmong Children: As Authorities Plan to Relocate
20,000 Refugees at the Temple.” Bangkok Post, September 6, 1998.

“Temple Said to Train Anti-Government Young Hmong Men.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, September
5, 1998. “Government Urged to Call Hmong Back – Young People Joining Burma’s Rebel Groups.” Bangkok
Post, September 4, 1998.

“Mountain Medic.” (Northern Thailand). The Nation (Thailand), September 3, 1998.

“(Lao) Government Denies Hmong in Thailand (Wat Tham Krabok) came from Laos.” BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, August 24, 1998.

“Thais Seek UNHCR Aid Over Hmongs.” The Nation (Thailand), August 24, 1998.

“Victim to a Monastery (Wat Tham Krabok).” The Nation (Thailand), August 21, 1998.

“Laos Snubs Thailand on Hmong Problems.” The Nation (Thailand), August 20, 1998.

“Laos Refuses to Take Back Thai-Based Hmong Refugees.” (Wat Tham Krabok). Deutsche Presse-Agentur,
August 19, 1998.

“Chettha Hints Hmongs May Stay Put.” (Wat Tham Krabok) The Nation (Thailand), August 19, 1998.

“Clearing Up (Wat Tham Krabok Temple Regulation).” The Nation (Thailand), August 16, 1998.

“Hmongs Move from (Wat Tham Krabok) Temple to Phetchabun.” The Nation (Thailand), August 10, 1998.

“Chettha Wants Illegal Hmong to be Confined.” The Nation (Thailand), August 8, 1998.

“Hmong in Monastery to be Sent Back.” (Wat Tham Krabok). The Nation (Thailand), August 7, 1998.

“Hilltribe People – Policy Review Sought on Giving Nationality – Due to Hmong Criminal Activity.” Bangkok
Post, July 31, 1998.

“Refugees: Hmong at (Wat Tham Krabok) Temple Lashed in Report – Accused on Engaging in Criminal
Activity.” Bangkok Post, July 30, 1998.

“Anti-Drug Drive Planned.” The Nation (Thailand), July 30, 1998.

“Narcotics-Police Move to Hunt Down Hilltribe Gang – Plates of Hmong Cars in Photos Offer Clues.” Bangkok
Post, July 29, 1998.

“In Brief: Hmongs Face Action.” Bangkok Post, July 28, 1998.

“Narcotics: Anti-Drug Team Warned about Attacks: Hmongs Hire Gunmen to Kill Them.” Bangkok Post, July
17, 1998.

“Recession Hit Farmers (Northern Thailand) Set to Blockade Parliament.” Craig Skehan, Sydney Morning
Herald, June 24, 1998.

“(Vietnamese) Radio Says U.S. Charges in Religion Bill Not Helping Ties.” BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, May 21, 1998. (Charges of Religious persecution of Hmong Protestants in Vietnam)

“High Protests.” (Protests Against Hmong and Karen Mountain Dwellers in Northern Thailand), May 3, 1998.

“5,000 Rally to Evict Doi Inthanon Hill Tribes.” Business Day (Thailand), April 29, 1998.

“Thailand-Laos Army Chief to Deny Helping Minorities: Heavy Discussion Likely During Visit.” Bangkok Post,
April 27, 1998.

“Bid to Boost Security: Kingdom Wants to Repatriate Refugees.” (Wat Tham Krabok). Bangkok Post, March
30, 1998.

1997

“Viet (Hmong) Woman Receives UN’s Prize for HEPAP.” Saigon Times Daily, October 21, 1997.

“Refugees: Ban Napho (Refugee Camp) Faces Closure: Ministry Ruling on Fate of Hmongs Soon: Interview
with the Refugees Completed.” Bangkok Post, September 22, 1997.

“Bringing Vientiane into Line.” The Nation (Thailand), September 5, 1997.

“Members of Anti-Lao Group Hiding in Monastery.” (Wat Tham Krabok), September 4, 1997.

“A Contrarian View of the Drug War.” Editorial, The Nation (Thailand), September 3, 1997.

“Allegations: The Source of Life is Poisoned.” (Use of Pesticides Northern Thailand Villages). Bangkok Post,
July 27, 1997.

“Solution: Move to Relocate Mountain Nomads.” Bangkok Post, July 27, 1997.

“Plan to Disband ‘Lawless State’ at Monastery.” (Wat Thamkrabok), South China Morning Post, March 19,
1997.

“Nomads of Laos: Last Leftovers of Vietnam War.” Seth Mydans, New York Times, March 12, 1997.

“13,000 Hmongs Tie their Fates to Thai Abbot.” (Wat Tham Krabok). Deutsche Press Agentur, March 6, 1997.

“Thamkrabok’s Future Assured.” The Nation (Thailand), February 14, 1997.

“Down from the Mountains.” (Hmong in Vietnam), Gretchen Miller, Sydney Morning Herald, February 6, 1997.

“Thais to Give Religious Protection to 50 Million Trees.” Deutsche Presse-Agentur, January 14, 1997.

“Thai Foreign Minister Visits Laos.” Xinhua News Agency, January 13, 1997.

“Poor Laotian Opium Growers Seek Better Life by Joining Modern World.” Associated Press, May 12, 1997.

1996

“Vientiane’s Vagabond Warriors: Hmong Rebels are being Blamed for Attacks in Northern Laos.” Greg
Torode, South China Morning Post, December 27, 1996.

“U.S. Eyes Final Plans for Vietnamese, Lao Hmong Refugees.” Agence France Presse, April 11, 1996.

“More Hmong Refugees Flying to the United States (From Thai Refugee Camps).” Associated Press, July 17,
1996.

“ID Cards to be Issued for Hmong.” The Nation (Thailand), October 18, 1996.

“Last of America’s Forgotten Hmong Allies Head for U.S.” Associated Press, September 15, 1996.

“Hmong Son Ready to Welcome Reluctant Father in U.S.” (From Ban Napho Refugee Camp, Thailand),
Kyodo News Service, July 23, 1996.

“Last Laos (Hmong) Refugees Leave Thailand Camps for U.S.” New York Times, July 18, 1996.

“Laos Massacre (of Hmong) Halts Australian Aid Work.” The Weekend Australian, May 11, 1996.

“U.S. Eyes Final Plans for Vietnamese, Lao Hmong Refugees.” Agence France Presse, April 11, 1996.

1995

“(Lao) Government Regards Hmong Refugees as ‘Terrorists’.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, December
14, 1995.

“U.S. Officials to Interview Laotian (Hmong) Asylum Seekers.” Xinhua News Agency, November 16, 1995.

“Thailand Repatriates 531 (Hmong) Refugees (to Laos).” Xinhua News Agency, March 2, 1995.

“Thailand-Laos: Lao Leader’s Visit Highlights Love-Hate Ties.” Inter Press Service, February 13, 2005.

“15,000 Laotians (Hmong) Still in Thailand.” (Wat Tham Krabok), Xinhua News Agency, January 15, 1995.

1994

“Thailand Watches on Anti-Laos Activities.” Xinhua News Agency, December 26, 1994.

“Drug Busters Killed in Thailand.” Xinhua News Agency, November 16, 1994.

“Hmong Tribesmen to be Repatriated to Laos.” (Wat Tham Krabok), August 6, 1994.

“Hmong Refugee Repatriation to Laos May be Delayed a Year: UNCHR.” (From Ban Na Pho Refugee Camp),
Agence France Presse, June 28, 1994.

“U.N. Refugee Repatriation Discussions Under Way.” Xinhua News Agency, June 3, 1994.

“(Thai) Foreign Ministry on Repatriation of Lao (Hmong) Refugees.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May
27, 1994.

“Thailand Rejects U.S. Request to Stop (Hmong) Repatriation.” Xinhua News Agency, May 19, 1994.

“Hmong Refugees Returned to Laos (from Thailand).” United Press International, April 28, 1994.

“Thailand to Repatriate Laotian Hmong Tribe Immigrants.” Xinhua News Agency, April 26, 1994.

“Military Chief Confirms Plan to Deport Hmong.” (From Wat Tham Krabok), March 2, 1994.

1993

“Central Committee Member Meets Hmong Tribe Cadres.” (Vietnam), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
December 23, 1994.

“Lao Rebels Fall Out of Thai Military’s Favor.” (Wat Tham Krabok), Inter Press Service, December 6, 1993.

“Security Official on Arrest of American, Australian, Ethnic Hmong (Wat Tham Krabok), BBC Summary of
World Broadcasts, November 11, 1993.

“6,000 (Hmong) Tribesmen to be Deported from Thailand (to Laos).” (Wat Tham Krabok), Xinhua News
Service, November 6, 1993.

“Security Chief on Measures Against Use of Thai Territory by Lao Rebels.” (Wat Tham Krabok), BBC
Summary of World Broadcasts, November 1, 1993.

“More Laotian Ethnic Guerillas Arrested in Thailand.” Kyodo News Service, October 28, 1993.

“Lao Minority Rebels Arrested in Thailand.” Kyodo News Service, September 17, 1993.

“Laos Refuses to Take Back Hmong Refugees from Thailand.” Xinhua News Service, July 26, 1993.

“Bangkok Starts Rounding Up 10,000 Laotian (Hmong Refugees).” (Escaped from Closing Chiang Kham
Camp to Wat Tham Krabok). Agence France Presse, June 25, 1993.



1992

“Deportees Suspected of Planning Raid into Laos.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, October 24, 1992.

“Laotian-born Americans Deported from Thailand as Insurgents.” United Press International, October 21,
1992.

“Still Waging the Vietnam War.” John Krieger, U.S. News and World Report, September 14, 1992.

“Lao Foreign Minister in Thailand; Agreement on Refugees and Trade.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
August 28, 1992.

“Thailand to Seek U.S. Help in Curbing Hmong Resistance in Laos.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
August 20, 1992.

“Thailand to Ask U.S. Help Curbing Lao Resistance.” Xinhua News Agency, August 18, 1992.

“Thailand Decides On “Severe Suppression” of Laotian Hmong Rebels.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
August 4, 1992.

“Thai Army Official Says Aid to Lao Resistance Now Cut Off.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, July 22,
1992.

“Thailand Arrests Seven Lao Hmong on Insurgency Charge.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, July 17,
1992.

“Laotian-born Americans Arrested as Anti-Communist Guerillas.” United Press International, July 15, 1992.

“Laotian Troops Recapture Border Village from Rebels.” Associated Press, January 9, 1992.

“Vo Van Kiet Addresses Conference on Hmong Ethnicity.” (Vietnam), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
January 7, 1992.

1991

“Programme to Resettle 80,000 Hmong Families.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, October 9, 1991.

“’Misled’ Hmong Return Home in Luang Prabang Province.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, August 16,
1991.

“Thailand Orders Expulsion of Anti-Communist Laotian (Hmong) Guerillas.” Nate Thayer, Associated Press,
June 14, 1991.

“Hmong in Hoang Lien Son Migrating from Mountains.” (Vietnam), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May
15, 1991.

“(Hmong) Refugees Return to Luang Prabang Province (Laos).” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May 10,
1991.

“Ethnic Issues Discussed at Provincial Party Congresses.” (Vietnam) BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, May
6, 1991.

“Hmong Group Returns to Vientiane Province.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, April 24, 1991.

“Laos Rejects U.S. Charges of Human Rights Abuse as `Groundless Accusations.” BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, March 16, 1991.

“(Hmong) Refugees Resettled in Bokeo Province.” (Laos) BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, March 14,
1991.

“Progress in Resettling Hmong People in Hoang Lien Son Province.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
February 5, 1991.

“More ‘Misled People’ Respond to Government Amnesty.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
January 18, 1991.

1990

“America Joins Battle Against Opium Growing in Laos.” The Times (UK), December 29, 1990.

“Don’t Call Hmong Refugees Primitive.” Paul Pao Herr, Letter, The New York Times, November 29, 1990.

“Hmong Families Relocated Under Lao-U.S. Project.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, November
28, 1990.

“Hmong People Petition Party and State Leaders.” (Vietnam) BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, October 4,
1990.

“’Upgrading’ Mountain Dwellers’ Living Conditions to Prevent ‘Bad Elements.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, April 28, 1990.

“Nguyen Van Linh Addresses Nomad Resettlement Conference.” (Vietnam), BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, April 26, 1990.

“Radio Programmes in Hmong Language Planned.” (Vietnam), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, March 15,
1990.

“Southeast Asians Decry Torture, Killings in Laos, Seek U.S. Help.” Jodie DeJonge, Associated Press,
February 3, 1990.

“Hmong Protest Homeland Bombings.” Associated Press, February 3, 1990.

1989

“Hmong People Suffering from Measles and Dysentry.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
September 20, 1989.

“’Misled’ Hmong People Flee From ‘Bad Elements’ Back to Hom District.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, July 19, 1989.

1988

“Laos: The Hmongs Who Stayed Home.” Phillip Smucker, Inter Press Service, December 30, 1998.

“Hmong Warned Against ‘Reactionary Lao Elements’. BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, December 12,
1988.

“Indochinese Refugees and Relations with Thailand.” Department of State Bulletin, May 1988.

“Battle Along Thailand-Laos Border Reflects Deeper Tensions.” Denis D. Gray, Associated Press, February
15, 1988.

“Thailand Closes Border to Goods, Registers Lao (Hmong) Refugees.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
February 1, 1988.

“Tourist Invasion Undermines the Thai Village Cultures.” The Herald, January 18, 1988. “Hill Tribes Ending Up
as Beggars.” Telegraph (UK), January 18, 1988.

1987

“Laos Condemns Thai ‘Groundless Slander’ On Massacre of Hmongs.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
November 28, 1997.

“Lao Troops Kill 33 (Hmong) Refugees.” Sutin Wannabovorn, United Press International, November 20, 1987.

UNDP Assistance for Development Projects (Laos), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, June 24, 1987.

“Resettlement of Hmong ‘Communist Defectors.’” (Tak Province, Thailand), BBC Summary of World
Broadcasts, June 15, 1987.

“Thai Villager Reportedly Killed by Laotian Troops.” Xinhua News Agency, June 2, 1987.

“Thailand Embarks on Migration Project (of Hmong) for Natural Protection.” Xinhua News Agency, May 11,
1987.

“Amnesty International Expresses Concern Over Fate of Hmongs (Laos).” Associated Press, April 21, 1987.

“Economic Zone Set Up for Hmong People.” (Laos), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, April 15, 1987.

“U.S. Thai Relations Strained Over Lao (Hmong) Refugees.” United Press International, March 30, 1987.

“Thai Interior Ministry Statement on Hmong Refugee Issue.” BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, March 28,
1987.

“Thai Official Reportedly Blasts U.S. Protest on (Hmong) Refugees.” (Eviction of Hmong Refugees to Laos),
Associated Press, March 23, 1987.

“Thai Expulsion of Laotian (Hmong) Refugees Causes Diplomatic Row with U.S., Ambassador Says State
Departments Criticisms ‘Uncalled For.” The Washington Post, March 22, 1987.

“Thai Officials Deny Violating the Rights of Laos Tribesmen (Hmong).” The New York Times, March 20, 1987.

“Thai Responds to U.S.” The Washington Post, March 20, 1987.

“Thailand Denies Allegations It Forcibly Repatriated (Hmong) Refugees.” Associated Press, March 19, 1987.

“Thai Officials Deny They Forced (Hmong) Tribesmen to Return Home.” United Press International, March 19,
1987.

“State Department Denounces Thailand for Sending Refugees Back Into Laos.” Henry Gottlieb, Associated
Press, March 18, 1987.

“Thai Authorities Force More than 120 Hmong Back To Laos.” Peter Eng, Associated Press, March 18, 1987.

“Thais Barring U.S. Visits to Laotian (Hmong) Refugees, Congress Told.” Henry Gottlieb, Associated Press,
March 11, 1987.

1986

“Thais Deny Report of Population Exchange (with Laos).” (Hmong Refugees for Thais Being Held by Laos),
The New York Times, September 16, 1986.

“Thai-Laotian Refugee Negotiations Reported.” Barbara Crossette, The New York Times, September 14,
1986.

1985

“Hmong Pushed Back at Lao-Thai Border.” The New York Times, July 8, 1985.

“Laotians (Hmong) Still Pour Into Thailand Despite Efforts to Stem the Flow.” The New York Times, April 1,
1985.

“Thailand Said to Use Force to Rebuff Laotian Refugees.” The New York Times, February 19, 1985.

1984

“Laotian (Hmong) Migration Worries Thailand.” Barbara Crossette, The New York Times, September 20, 1984.

“Vietnamese Provincial Court Tries PRC Spies.” (Hmong Man Tried), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
June 6, 1984.

1982

“Hundreds of Thai Communists Lay Down Arms.” United Press International, December 28, 1982.

“Largest Defection of Communist Insurgents in Thailand.” United Press International, December 27, 1982.

“More Thai Communists Surrender.” United Press International, December 27, 1982.

“Alleged Insurgent Leader Arrested.” (Thailand), BBC Summary of World Broadcasts, August 25, 1982.

1981

“`Yellow Rain’ Powder Test Finds Man-Made and Natural Poisons.” Phillip Boffey, The New York Times,
December 18, 1981 (Yellow Rain Powder Found in Hmong Village in Laos).

“Many Lao (Hmong) People Killed by Vietnamese Chemical Weapons.” Xinhua General News Service,
December 8, 1981.

“Indochinese Reaction to Haig’s Allegations on Use of Chemical Weapons (Against Hmong.” BBC Summary of
World Broadcasts, September 17, 1981.

“Pham Van Dong Meets Delegates to Hmong Conference.” (Vietnam) BBC Summary of World Broadcasts,
September 2, 1981.

1980

“Lao Refugees (Hmong) Add to Charges of Chemical Warfare.” Frederic A. Moritz, Christian Science Monitor,
February 1, 1980.

“More Lao Refugees Stream Into Thailand.” Xinhua News Agency, January 20, 1980.

1979

“Hmong People in Laos Killed by Vietnamese Poison Gas.” Xinhua General News Agency, December 27, 1979.

“U.S. House Condemns Chemical Warfare in Laos, Kampuchea.” Xinhua General News Agency, December
21, 1979.

“U.S. Paper Condemns Soviet Union, Vietnam for Using Poison Gas in Laos, Kampuchea.” Xinhua News
Agency, December 14, 1979.

“Vietnamese Use Chemical Agents Against Laotian (Hmong) Tribesmen.” Xinhua General News Agency,
December 14, 1979.

“Laos: After Boat People, the Hill People.” The Economist, September 1, 1979.