The Hmong in Laos

(Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD)

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Vietnam and Laos. Vancouver: UBC Press.

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Forgiveness and Action through Imagination in Community Development. PhD Dissertation, University of
San Francisco.

Lee, S. (2009). "Searching for the Hmong People’s Ethnic Homeland and Multiple Dimensions of Transnational
Longing: From the Viewpoint of the Hmong in Laos." Hmong Studies Journal, Volume 9: 1-18.

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People's Democratic Republic." Ed.D. Dissertation, University of San Francisco.

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under French colonialism (1893--1955). PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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Lee, M.N.M. (2000). Making the paramount chief: transformation of the Hmong clan leadership structure under
French colonial rule (1893-1960). M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

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Ireson, C.J. (1996). Field, Forest, and Family: Women's Work and Power in Rural Laos. Boulder, CO:
Westview Press.

Jacobs, B.W. (1996). No-win situation: the plight of the Hmong--America's former ally. Boston College Third
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Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). Stories from Laos: Folktales and Cultures of the Lao, Hmong, Khammu and Iu-
Mien. El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Bouapao, Lytou (1994). Perspective D’un Development Rural Durable: Le Cas Des Hmongs Du Laos (French
Text), MSC dissertation. Universite De Sherbrooke (Canada).

Dao, Y. (1993). Hmong at the Turning Point. Minneapolis, MN: World Bridge Associates Ltd.

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Honors Thesis, Brandeis University.

Chantavanich, S. and others. (1992). The Lao Returnees in the Voluntary Repatriation Programme from
Thailand. Occasional Paper Series, no. 3. Bangkok: Indochinese Refugee Information Center, Institute of Asian
Studies, Chulalongkorn University, 1992.

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Southeast Asia Community Resource Center.

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Lao Human Rights Council.

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Folsom Cordova Unified School District, 1992.

Vang, P. (1991). "White Paper on the Murders and Persecution of the Hmong and Laotian Returnees in Laos:
Submitted to the U.S. Congress and President." Denver: Lao Human Rights Council, 1991.

Gunn, G.C. (1990). Rebellion in Laos: Peasant and Politics in a Colonial Backwater. Boulder, CO: Westview
Press, 1990.

Karniol, R. (1990). “Laotian Resistance Emerges from Mist.” International Defense Review 23 (March 1990):

Scott G.M. (1990). “Hmong Aspirations for a Separate State in Laos: The Effects of the Indochina War.” In
Secessionist Movements in Comparative Perspective.” Edited by R. Premdas, S.W.R. de A. Samsarasinghe and
Alan B. Anderson. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Xiong, L. (1990). “Hmong Role and Motivation in Support of the French and Americans in the Laotian Civil War,
1945-1975.” Master’s Thesis, Mankato State University

Waters, T. (1990). "Laotian Refugeeism, 1975-1988." In Patterns of Migration in Southeast Asia, edited by R.R.
Reed, 122-152. Berkeley: Centers for South and Southeast Asia Studies, International and Area Studies,
University of California at Berkeley.

Waters, T. (1990). "The Parameters of Refugeeism and Flight: The Case of Laos." Disasters: The Journal of
Disaster Studies and Management 14 (September 1990): 250-258.

Yang, D. (1990). "The Longest Migration." In Hmong Forum 1: 4-7.

Yang, P.K. (1990). “Hmong Involvement in Wars in Laos Before and After 1975.” Master’s Thesis, Mankato
State University.

Lee, G.Y. (1990). "Refugees from Laos: Historical Backgrounds and Causes." Paper reprinted at www. website. 15 p.

Lee, G.Y. (1987). “Ethnic Minorities and National-Building in Laos: the Hmong in the Lao State.” Peninsule 11-
12 (1987): 215-232.

Cooper, R. (1986). “The Hmong of Laos: Economic Factors in Refugee Exodus and Return.” In The Hmong in
Transition, ed. by G.L. Hendricks, B.T. Downing and A.S. Deinard, 23-40.

Xiong, M. and N.D. Donnelly. (1986). "My Life in Laos." In The Hmong World, Editors, Brenda Johns and David
Strecker, New Haven, CT: Council on Southeast Asia Studies, pp. 200-244.

Chagnon, J. and R. Rumpf (1983). “Decades of Division for the Lao Hmong.” Southeast Asia Chronicle 91
(October 1983): 10-15.

Lee, Gary Yia (1982). National Minority Policies and the Hmong. In Contemporary Laos: Studies in the Politics
and Society of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Martin Stuart-Fox, ed., pp. 199-219.

Vang Tou-Fu (1979). The Hmong of Laos. In An Introduction to Indochinese History, Culture, Language, and
Life, John Whitemore, ed. pp. 93-102. Ann Arbor: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of

Bertrais, Yves (1978). The Traditional Marriage Among the White Hmong of Thailand and Laos. Chiang Mai,
Thailand: Hmong Center.

Yang, Dao (1976). The Hmong of Laos in the Vanguard of Development. Translation of Les Hmong du Laos
Face au Developpement. Vientiane, Laos: Siasavath Publishers. National Technical Information Service, order
no. JPRS L/5562.

Yang, Dao (1975). Les Hmongs du Laos Face Au Developpement. Vientiane: Siaosavath Publishers.

Westermeyer, J. (1974). Opium Smoking in Laos: A Survey of 40 Addicts. American Journal of Pschiatry 131:

Clark, R. B. (1973). Meo: Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Burma. In Peoples of the Earth, pp. 92-97. Verona:
Danbury Press, Arnaldo Mondadori.

Lemoine, J. (1972). Les ecritures du Hmong. Bulletin des Amis du Royaume Lao, Vientiane 7-8: 123-165.

Lemoine, Jacques (1972). L’initiation du mort chez les Hmong. I. Le Chemin, II. Les themes, III. Les themes. L’
homme XII(1):105-134, XII(2):85-125, XII(3):84-110.

Lemoine, Jacques (1972). Un village Hmong Vert du haut Laos. Paris: Centre National de la Recherche
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Ridenour, George Allen (1971). Rural Development in Laos and Governmental Relationships with the Meo
Ethnic Minority. Unpub M.S. Thesis, Cornell University.

Westermeyer, J. (1971). The Use of Alcohol and Opium among by the Meo of Laos. American Journal of
Psychiatry 127: 59-63.

Lyman, Thomas A. (1970). The “Mong” of Thailand vs. The “Hmong” of Laos, A Preliminary Research Sketch.
Asia Aakhanee: Southeast Asian Survey 2(3):26-28, March 1970.

Lyman, Thomas A. (1970). The Meo Tribesmen, A New Force in Laos in Laos. Asia Aakhanee: Southeast Asian
Survey 2(3):26-28, March 1970.

Westermeyer, J. (1968). The Use of Alcohol and Opium Among Two Ethnic Groups in Laos. Unpublished Master’
s Thesis, University of Minnesota.

Barney, G. Linwood (1967) The Meo of Xieng Khouang Province, Laos. In Southeast Asian Tribes, Minorities,
and Nations, Peter Kunstadler, ed. pp. 271-294. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Smalley, William A. (1956). The Gospel and the Cultures of Laos. Practical Anthropology 3(3):47-57.

Anonymous (1952) Dans les montagnes du Haut Laos: “Les curieuses tribus meos.” The French Union.