Hmong Populations and Primary Education
(Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD)
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Mahowald, M.C. (2011). Fourth Grade Hmong Students’ Reading Proficiency. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of
Lee, X.W. (2009). The Elementary and Middle School Principal’s Role in the Involvement of Mong Parents in their
Children’s Education. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of the Pacific.
Kan, P.F. and K. Kohnert. (2008). “Fast Mapping by Bilingual Preschool Children.” Journal of Child Language. 35
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Readiness: Learning from and about the Hmong in St. Paul, Minnesota.” Research Report for Ready 4 K. April
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Paul Public Schools: Perspectives of Teachers, Principals, and Hmong Parents." Hmong Studies Journal, Vol 8,
Ngo, B. and S.J. Lee. (2007). “Complicating the Image of Model Minority Success: A Review of Southeast Asian
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Preschool Children: A Focus on Developing Home Language(s). Language, Speech, & Hearing Services in
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Pui Fong Kan; Kohnert, Kathyrn.Preschoolers Learning Hmong and English: Lexical-Semantic Skills in L1 and
L2. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, Apr2005, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p372, 12p, 4 charts, 2 graphs;
Vang, C.T. (2005). “Hmong-American Students Still Face Multiple Challenges in Public Schools.” Multicultural
Education 13(1): 27-42.
Ceric, Meliha. (2004). Education of Hmong Children in Minnesota: 1975-2004: The Integration of Hmong
Immigrants into American Society. M.A. Thesis, Minnesota State University, Mankato.
Lie, Gwat-Yong, Pahoua Yang, Kalyani Rai and Pa Y. Vang. (2004). “Hmong Children and Families.” In Culturally
Competent Practice With Immigrant and Refugee Children and Families, editor, Rowena Fong. New York: The
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Vang, Christopher T. (2004). "Hmong-American K-12 Students and the Academic Skills needed for a College
Education: A Review of the Existing Literature and Suggestions for Future Research." Hmong Studies Journal,
Volume 5. www.hmongstudies.org
Vang, Halee and Manuel T. Barrera. "Hmong Parents’ Perceptions on Instructional Strategies for Educating their
Children with Disabilities." Hmong Studies Journal, Volume 5. www.hmongstudies.org
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tests. M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.
Yang, A.T. (1999). "Hmong-American Students: Challenges and Opportunities." In Asian-American Education:
Prospects and Challenges. C.C. Park and M.M. Chi, Editors. Westport, CT: Bergin and Harvey. 218-236.
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context. St. Paul. MN: Wilder Research Center.
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metacognition of Hmong American fifth graders. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Colorado.
Yang, Sou Vanh. (1998). The impact of the home environment on Hmong children's academic performance in
the education system. M.S.W. thesis, California State University, Stanislaus.
Marshall, L. (1997). Literacy in the Hmong Preschool Classroom. MA Thesis, Hamline University.
Carroll, Susanne Dennington (1996). Resiliency and the Hmong child growing up in Fresno: An ethnographic
narrative with drawings, PsyD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno.
Inoway-Ronnie, Eden Toshiko (1996). Teachers' constructions of cultural diversity: An ethnographic study of two
multiethnic and multiracial Head Start classrooms, PhD dissertation. The University of Wisconsin – Madison.
Jackson, Jesse. (1996). A study of fourth grade Hmong children in an ESL classroom. M.S. thesis, University of
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presented at the Head Start National Research Conference (3rd, Washington, DC, June 20-23, 1996). 21 pp.
Kelly, C. (1992). Teaching Hmong Literacy Skills to Elementary Students: Its Effect on English Reading
Competencies. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.
Meyer C. (1992). Hmong Children and Their Families: Consideration of Cultural Influences in Assessment.
American Journal of Occupational Therapy 46:737-744.
Hurt, C. (1991). The Cognitive Style of Hmong Elementary Students in Northern California. Master’s Thesis,
California State University, Chico.
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Folsom, CA: Folsom Cordova Unified School District.
Jacobs, Lila (1987). Differential Participation And Skills Level In Four Hmong Third Grade Students: The Social
And Cultural Context Of Teaching And Learning, PhD dissertation. University of California – Santa Barbara.
Miles, N.D. (1986). English Negatives In Oral Production Of Three Spanish, Swedish, and Hmong Sixth Graders,
PhD dissertation. University of California – Santa Barbara.