FALL 2009


ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique and
consistent source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and
Hmong-related research resources. To access back issues of this online publication dating back to
2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong
Studies Journal academic journal. This unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong
Studies as well as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be
found at the Hmong Resource Center Library at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps the largest
depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong Resource
Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9 – 5. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s
offices at 995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul.
Link to map: Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarians: Xai
Lor and Cher Vue. E-Mail:

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:



Grit Grigoleit. (2009). Integrationsvarianten. Die Hmong in den USA. Passau: Karl Stutz.
This study of immigrant and refugee adaptation and integration is based on fieldwork conducted in the Hmong
community of Minneapolis-St. Paul. The author examines the impact of the 2004-2006 resettlement of the
Hmong refugees from Wat Tham Krabok on the broader more established Hmong American population and the
increased heterogeneity this migration brought to the Hmong enclave in the Twin Cities.

Xue Wang Lee. (2009). The Elementary and Middle School Principal’s Role in the Involvement of
Mong Parents in their Children’s Education. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of the Pacific.
This study
assesses the strategies elementary and middle school principals throughout California utilize to involve Mong
parents in the education of their children, obstacles confronted and methods used to evaluate whether efforts
are effective. The author uses the term “Mong” to refer to both Mong Leng and White Hmong families. Editor's
Note: The term Mong Leng refers to groups that are sometimes referred to in Western scholarship as Blue or
Green Hmong.

Kimberly C. Mendonca. (2009). Appropriating the Unspoken Text: Development Discourse and
Hmong Women in Lao People’s Democratic Republic. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of San
This graduate study examines Hmong women’s perceptions of economic development in Laos.  
This dissertation may be viewed online at the following link (Wait for download):,1,1,B/l962~b1877082&FF=&1,0,,0,0

Jacqueline Nguyen. (2009). Acculturation, Autonomy, and Parent-Adolescent Relationships in Hmong
Families. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
This graduate study uses mixed methods
to explore the relationship between acculturation and autonomy in Hmong families. The author’s findings show
an indirect relationship between acculturation and autonomy which are mediated by the participants’ orientation
toward familism.

Nealcheng Xeng Thao. (2009). Examining Family and Community Influences on the Attitudes to
Education and Career Aspirations of Hmong/Mong High School Students. D.Ed Dissertation,
University of Minnesota.
This qualitative ethnographic study investigates family and community influences
on the attitudes and career aspirations of Hmong/Mong high school students in the Twin Cities area of

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Oliver Evrard and Prasit Leepreecha. (2009). “Monks, Monarchs, and Mountain Folks: Domestic
Tourism and Internal Colonialism in Northern Thailand.” Critique of Anthropology 29(3): 300-323.
article examines the social significance of domestic tourism in Chiang Mai, Thailand and the relationships
between non-Western representation of travel, nationalism and localized identity. The study focuses on three
attractions in the region: a Buddhist temple, a royal palace and an ethnic village with a Hmong population.  

Lisa Franzen and Chery Smith. (2009). “Differences in Statute, BMI, and Dietary Practices Between U.
S. Born and Newly Immigrated Hmong Children.” Social Science and Medicine 69: 442-450.
This study
assesses how acculturation impacts diet, cultural practices related to cooking and food preparation knowledge
and stature and the body mass index of Hmong children. The research was conducted in the Minneapolis-St.
Paul area. The authors conclude that years lived in the U.S. and birthplace may play an important role in
stature and BMI, food and physical activity habits, cooking and food preparation knowledge and perceptions of

Nick Harvey. (2009). “Jungle Orphans.” New Internationalist (September 2009): 24-26. This non-
academic article describes the contemporary situation of Hmong refugees in Laos and in Thailand including
those in Nong Khai and Huay Nam Khao.

Linda Krueger. (2009). “Experiences of Hmong Patients on Hemodialysis and the Nurses Working
with Them.” Nephrology Nursing Journal 36(4): 379-387.
This study explores the experiences of Hmong
patients on hemodialysis and nurses who have treated them. The research was conducted in two Wisconsin

Shinsuke Nakai. (2009). “Analysis of Pig Consumption by Smallholders in a Hillside Swidden
Agriculture Society of Northern Thailand.” Human Ecology 37(Published Online 20 June 2009): 501-
In this article, the author describes the household-level pig production and consumption in a Hmong
village of smallholders in northern Thailand. The author describes changes in pig production and consumption
that have occurred in the village over time due to socioeconomic and cultural changes.

Alon Neidich, Harish D. Mahanty and Katrina A. Bramstedt. (2009). “Exploring Transplant
Opportunities in Hmong Culture: A Case Report.” Progress in Transplantation 19(2): 188-191.
authors of this article use a clinical case to explore the ethical complexities of solid organ donation and
transplantation within the Hmong community in the United States. The authors suggest ways in which medical
teams may integrate with the Hmong value system to create an environment of transcultural respect and


Over the summer of 2009, the Hmong Studies Journal came to agreement with two additional major content
aggregators to have the journal’s content disseminated in  databases that reach patrons of thousands of public
and university libraries.

The Hmong Studies Journal signed an agreement with H.W. Wilson to be included in Wilson’s
Social Science
Full-Text Database.
Based in New York and Dublin, Ireland, H.W. Wilson publishes 40 full-text databases, 32
index databases (including 15 retrospective databases) 8 abstract and index databases, 7 collection
development databases, Art Museum Image Gallery (a collection of over 155,000 art images), Cinema Image
Gallery, plus many reference monographs. H.W. Wilson is dedicated to providing the highest-quality web and
print resources in the world. H.W. Wilson products are familiar to generations of library users as standard tools
in college, public, school, and professional libraries worldwide

The Hmong Studies Journal signed an agreement with Gale/Cengage to be included in the company’s
Academic OneFile, Global Issues in Context, History Resource Center and InfoTrac databases. Gale®, part of
Cengage Learning, is a world leader in e-research and educational publishing for libraries, schools and
businesses. Best known for its accurate and authoritative reference content as well as its intelligent
organization of full-text magazine and newspaper articles, the company creates and maintains more than 600
databases that are published online, in print, as eBooks and in microform. Gale is based in Farmington Hills,
Michigan, with additional offices in the U.S., and in the following international regions: Europe, the Middle East,
Africa, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and Latin America.

The Hmong Studies Journal has existing content dissemination agreements with ProQuest to be included in the
Ethnic News Watch database and with EBSCO to be included in the Academic Search Complete
database. The journal is also available without charge to the community at large as an open access publication
at The only peer-reviewed journal publication in Hmong Studies, the Hmong Studies
Journal has published 9 volumes and more than 70 scholarly articles since 1996. The Hmong Studies Journal
will publish volume 10 in December 2009.  


The Hmong Studies Journal has started a Facebook page and a Twitter feed. Updates about the journal and
items of interest pertaining to Hmong Studies research are posted on the Facebook and Twitter pages.

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Facebook page visit:

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Twitter feed visit:


Title: A Hmao (Hua Miao) Songs, Stories and Legends from China
Series Title: LINCOM Text Collections 02
Publication Year: 2009
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Editors: Nicholas Tapp and Mark Pfeifer
Pages: 600

These wonderful materials come from the A Hmao people of Southwest China, a Miao people related to the
Hmong. Their language is a unique one and this book represents a fair selection of their whole corpus of oral
legends - songs and folk tales about the origins of the world, their oppression by the Chinese, their flight and
exodus, their relations with landlords, together with stories of their social customs, lovesongs and animal fables.
Before the Chinese revolution of 1949 the Parsons brothers, who collected and translated these materials,
worked with the A Hmao as Christian pastors. Before leaving China they had asked the A Hmao to write down
their entire oral corpus in the special form of writing invented by missionaries for their hitherto oral language.
After China opened up in 1978 more of these materials were sent to the Parsons brothers, for all through the
years of socialism the A Hmao had faithfully recorded their entire corpus.

There are four sections - the 'Beginnings', dealing with Creation and the Flood, 'History', dealing with early
leaders, clashes with the Chinese, and the loss of the homeland, 'Social Life', covering shamanism, marriage
and other customs, and 'Narratives' (fantastic stories about orphans, tigers, and many animal fables). Each
legend has a brief introduction by the Parsons brothers followed by their free translation. This selection has
been put together from the entire mass of the collection by Nicholas Tapp, a Professor of Anthropology at the
Australian National University, and Mark Pfeifer, former Head of the Hmong Resource Center Library at the
Hmong Cultural Center in Minnesota. To show the uniqueness of the language, some examples of the word-for-
word translations which accompany each entry in the original are given, and some samples of the special
Pollard script invented for the language. This is a unique corpus of imaginative folklore and linguistic materials
and marks a considerable contribution towards world mythology.


(Submitted by Ray Murray, Volunteer Librarian at Hmong Cultural Center)

Dr. Robert Cooper, Lao-Insight Books, Vientiane, Laos republished in 2008 the 1998 book: The Hmong, with a
new subtitle: A Guide to Traditional Life.  Both books are 166p, and include the research of Dr. Cooper,
Nicholas Tapp, Gary Yia Lee, and Gretel Schwoerer-Kohl.  The discussion of the researchers states that the
book was written by Robert Cooper with confirmation of his observations from the notes, writings and personal
interaction with the other researchers.   Much of the text is the same as the 1998 edition, with any section about
“current” situations brought up to date, and with some photographs shifted or added as space dictated.

The core of the book is in 14 chapters each touching on specific areas of Hmong traditional life, from Clans, to
Marriage. Music, Crafts, Shamanism and Funeral Ceremonies.   The clear presentations of these areas of
Hmong life give researchers an overview sufficient to begin their reading for specific topics – because it does
not require knowledge of specialized terminology.   It would lend itself to being a first book for Hmong Studies,
as well as starter for other research.

A problem of the past has been the relatively few US libraries holding copies of the 1998 edition – with only one
holding the 2008 edition so far (October 2009).  The earlier editions of 1991 and 1995 were much shorter and
the 1998 edition difficult to find. Dr. Cooper does have copies for sale in his bookstore in Laos, but Laotian and
international shipping changes make direct orders complicated.  He has made arrangements in the US with
HMONG ABC, the bookstore in St. Paul, Minnesota, to be the US agent. 1,000 copies were purchased by the
store to make them more accessible to U.S. audiences (  The website highlights the book
and includes comments by Grant Evans, Colin Cotterill, and from the University of Minnesota’s now defunct
Southeast Asian Refugee Studies Center - about the value of the book, not just for Westerners but also for the
many Hmong living now in the West with less experience with Hmong traditional life (Cotterill lives in SE Asia
and has written a number of mysteries set there).  


Hmong Diaspora Studies Certificate Program Launches at University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
On October 9, 2009, the new Hmong Diaspora Studies Certificate Program was launched at an event held at
the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. This program coordinated by Dr. Chia Youyee Vang is the first
academically-oriented Hmong Studies program at any university in the State of Wisconsin. The flyer for the
October 9 kick-off event is posted at this link:

New Hmong Data from the American Community Survey
The U.S. Census Bureau released national-level Hmong data from the 2008 American Community Survey in
September 2009. 2008 Hmong state estimates from this data source have recently been posted. View the new
data and an online discussion here:

For a tutorial about how to access Hmong census data online visit:

Who are the Hmong: The Brave People Video
Information about this recently released video is here:

Information about ordering DVD copies is available from the Stockton Public Library:  
E-Mail:,  Phone: 209-937-7701.

New Facebook Page at Hmong Cultural Center of Minnesota
Learn about activities at the Hmong Cultural Center of Minnesota by becoming a fan of the center’s new
Facebook Page at:

Hmong Studies Assistant Professor Opening in the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at the
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Information is at this link:

Call for Papers: 2010 Conference at Concordia-St. Paul
Information is at this link:


Hmong Cultural Center’s Hmong Resource Center library has a new user-friendly website at

The library’s complete holdings are listed on the website in frequently updated holdings lists including:

- About 500 Hmong-related books. A complete and updated list (June 2009) is here:

More than 350 Hmong-related dissertations and theses. A complete and updated list (June  2009) is here:

- About 800 Hmong-related academic journal articles from peer-reviewed journals. A list of the journal articles in
the collection (June 2009) is here:

More comprehensive in its focus than any university or public library, the Hmong Cultural Center Resource
Library is the largest collection of Hmong-related academic research publications in Minnesota and most likely
the United States. The most distinctive and specialized portions of the library are the dissertations/theses and
peer-reviewed journal article collections.

For information about using this unique, special collections library call Xai Lor or Cher Vue at 651-917-9937.


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated
online subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:

A newly created 2007-Present research bibliography is updated every few weeks with information about the
latest research publications in Hmong Studies, online links to text are included where applicable:


Volumes 4-8 of the Hmong Studies Journal are available for order in a physical, print format. For more info visit
the following link:


A growing library of links to full-text research articles and other documents related to Hmong Studies and
Southeast Asian American Studies is available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content
related to community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong
Homepage. Craig Rice co-founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first
to provide substantive educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The
WWW Hmong Homepage is still one of the most heavily visited and linked educational websites related to the
Hmong. To view the WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about upcoming educational events visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at: