FALL 2010


ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique and consistent
source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and Hmong-related research resources. To
access back issues of this online publication dating back to 2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong Studies
Journal academic journal. This unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong Studies as well
as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be found
at the Hmong Resource Center Library ( at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps
the largest depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong
Resource Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 2 – 6. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at
995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul.
Link to map: Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarian: Cher Vue. E-Mail:

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:



Susan Meredith Burt. (2010). The Hmong Language in Wisconsin: Language Shift and Pragmatic Change.
Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.
This recently published book examines changes in how Hmong Americans use
language to request, to thank and to perform interpersonal tasks. The changes that have taken place in Hmong have
been the result of extended contact with English. The author provides particular attention to the localized and specific
impacts of language globalization on an uprooted and small language community.  To learn more about this new
volume visit this website:

Ya Po Cha. (2010). An Introduction to Hmong Culture. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company. This recently
published volume provides an overview of major dimensions of Hmong culture. Chapters are devoted to Hmong
history, Parent and child relationships, customs and values, cultural traditions, traditional weddings, the Hmong belief
system, Hmong traditional arts and Hmong traditional politics and leadership. This work also explains many Hmong
words, phrases and proverbs. To learn more about this volume visit this website:

Shoua Chang. (2010). Perceived Hmong Cultural Barriers in School Counseling. M.S. Thesis, University of
This thesis consists of a literature review to identify perceptions that Hmong students may
encounter in a school counseling setting. The author summarizes her findings to provide suggestions for school
counselors who work with Hmong students. This work may be viewed online at this link:

Mary Huffcutt. (2010). American Hmong Youth and College Readiness: Integrating Culture and Educational
Success. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
This thesis consists of a literature review pertaining to
college readiness and Hmong American education. This work may be viewed online at this link:

Mai Shoua Khang. (2010). Hmong Traditional Roles and the Pursuit of Higher Education for Married Hmong
American Women. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
The author of this thesis reviewed the literature
related to Hmong women’s traditional gender roles and their abilities to obtain higher education. The researcher
interviewed nine Hmong women who were pursuing an education. The author compares the themes expressed by her
interview subjects to those emphasized in the literature. This work  may be viewed online at this link:

Chia Youyee Vang. (2010). Hmong America: Reconstructing Community in Diaspora. Champaign, IL:
University of Illinois Press.
This recently published volume examines the historical development of Hmong
American communities. The author describes Hmong experiences in Asia and assesses aspects of Hmong community
building in the United States to demonstrate how new Hmong identities have emerged which have relevance for
common assumptions about race and ethnicity in the United States. The author conducted her research in
Minneapolis-St. Paul and other Hmong enclaves throughout the United States. To learn more about this work visit:

Mai Nhia Vang. (2010). The Good Wife: A Study of Hmong American Women’s Transient Status and their
experiences in the Formal Hmong Marriage and Divorce Process. M.A. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-
This thesis provides an exploration of Hmong American women’s interpretations of Hmong and American
society as seen through the eyes of two divorced women and one married woman. The author conducted
ethnographic fieldwork in the Hmong American community of the Minneapolis-St. Paul area.

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Ryan Allen and Edward G. Goetz. (2010). “Nativity, Ethnicity, and Residential Relocation: The Experience of
Hmong Refugees and African Americans Displaced from Public Housing.” Journal of Urban Affairs 32(3):
This study analyzes the spatial resettlement patterns and survey responses of Hmong and African-American
public housing residents who were involuntarily relocated from public housing in Minneapolis. The authors’ research
results indicated that Hmong did not settle in ethnically concentrated neighborhoods to the same extent as African
Americans following relocation and also experienced lower levels of satisfaction in their new housing and residential

Torry Grantham Cobb. (2010). “Strategies for Providing Cultural Competent Health Care for Hmong
Americans.” Journal of Cultural Diversity 17(3): 79-83.
This paper discusses continuing barriers to providing
health care to Hmong Americans and shares strategies of how to respect Hmong culture while providing quality health

Dao Moua Fang, Serge Lee, Susan Stewart, May Ying Ly and Moon S. Chen. (2010). “Factors Associated
with Pap Testing among Hmong Women.” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved.” 21: 839-
This paper reports baseline data on the percentage of Hmong women aged 18-65 in Sacramento, California who
reported that they had a Pap test for the early detection of cervical cancer. Hmong women were found to have been
less likely to have ever had a pap test than California women overall.

Mary Foote and Jacqueline Matloub. (2010). “The Usefulness of Health Care Databases in Wisconsin for
Identifying Hmong Patients with Cancer.” Wisconsin Medical Journal 109(4): 214-218.
The researchers of this
study investigated the reporting of cancer cases in the Hmong population by medical facilities in Wisconsin. A survey
found less than 30% of facilities collected Hmong as a demographic category or identified cancer patients as Hmong.
Most facilities identified Hmong patients only as Asian. The authors used their findings to develop resources to try to
improve data collection for Hmong cancer patients in Wisconsin. This article may be viewed online at:

Pa Xiong Gonzalo. (2010). “Growing up Hmong in Laos and America: Two Generations of Women through
My Eyes.” Amerasia Journal 36(1): 56-104.
This article consists of a first-person narrative provided by the author
of her own experiences and those of her family members in both Laos and the United States over 30 years with a
particular emphasis on ethnic identity and gender roles.

Keiko Goto, Wa Mee Vue, Tong Xiong and Cindy Wolff. (2010). “Divergent Perspectives on Food, Culture,
and Health among Hmong Mothers with Middle School Children.” Food, Culture, and Society 13(2): 181-
This study examines perspectives on food, culture and health and nutrition education among Hmong mothers
with middle school children. The study participants expressed similar views regarding food and health issues,
including the importance of rice in their lives, they also shared differing perspectives on how acculturation,
generational differences and income status contributes to obesity among Hmong.  

Hee Yun Lee and Suzanne Vang. (2010). “Barriers to Cancer Screening in Hmong Americans: The
Influence of Health Care Accessibility, Culture and Cancer Literacy.” Journal of Community Health 35: 302-
The authors of this article conducted a systematic review of the literature to examine the existing scholarly
knowledge regarding the barriers to cancer screening for Hmong Americans. Based on their review, the authors
discuss potential cultural and ethnic group-specific prevention strategies and cancer health policies to address

Marjorie Lee. (2010). “Through Hmong America: A Bibliographic Journey.” Amerasia Journal 36(1): 105-114.
This article provides a bibliography of selected books, articles and websites pertaining to Hmong Americans.

Pao Lor. (2010). "Hmong Teachers: Life Experiences and Teaching Perspectives." Multicultural Education
17(3): 36-40.
This exploratory study looks at the life experiences and teaching practices of five Hmong teachers
working in Wisconsin.

Catherine A. Solheim and Pa Nhia D. Yang. (2010). “Understanding Generational Differences in Financial
Literacy in Hmong Immigrant Families.” Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal 38(4): 435-454.
This study describes financial literacy in two-generation Hmong families. Interviews were conducted with 7 pairs of
parents and their young adult children. The authors findings suggest that Hmong families are adapting to the U.S.
economic system while also maintaining important cultural values and practices.

James N. Stanford. (2010). “Gender, Generations, and Nations: An Experiment in Hmong American
Discourse and Sociophonetics.” Language and Communication 30: 285-296.
This study involved an
experiment testing how 33 Hmong people in Saint Paul, Minnesota would respond to the same young female Hmong
interviewer. The researcher’s recordings showed that unlike women and younger men, older men often shifted into an
acoustically distinctive, authoritative vocal style. The author argues that his findings show that for Hmong Americans,
“doing gender” also involves “doing generations” and that older men use an authoritative voice to construct social
hierarchy and traditions, admonish youth and practice additional aspects of Hmong American nationhood.  

Salman Waheedduddin, Jasvinder A. Singh, Kathleen A. Culhane-Pera and Elie Gertner. “Gout in the
Hmong in the United States.” (2010). JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology 16(6): 262-266.
This article
compares characteristics of gout in Hmong patients to whites and assesses if Hmong ethnicity is associated with risk
of tophaceous gout. The researchers observed that Hmong patients had an earlier onset of gout symptoms. Hmong
ethnicity was an independent risk factor for tophaceous gout.  

Yang Sao Xiong. (2010). “State Mandated Language Classification: A Study of Hmong American Students’
Access to College-Preparatory Curricula.” AAPI Nexus 8(1): 17-42.
Using data collected from interviews, this
article assesses Hmong American high school and college students’ experiences in English language development
and mainstream academic tracks along with their perceptions of access to college preparatory classes. Based on his
findings, the author argues that students tracked in English Language Development curricula have limited
accessibility to key resources including college preparatory courses and also lower aspirations about college in
comparison to those in college preparatory tracks.  

Richard C. Yang, Paul K. Mills and Kiumarss Nasseri. (2010). “Patterns of Mortality in California Hmong,
1988-2002.” Journal of Immigrant Minority Health 12: 754-760.
This study examines causes of death and
compares age-adjusted mortality rates among the Hmong with those of the non-Hispanic white population in
California. The authors observed that Hmong experienced 1.3-1.9 times higher mortality rates for certain causes of
death compared to non-Hispanic whites. These causes of death included injuries and poisonings, digestive diseases,
prenatal conditions, endocrine, nutritional, metabolic, immunity disorders, infections and parasitic illnesses and
congenital anomalies.


U.S. Census Bureau Releases Hmong American Profile in the 2009 American Community Survey
In the Fall of 2010, the U.S. Census Bureau releases the Hmong American demographic profile from the 2009
American Community Survey. This profile includes estimates on population, socioeconomic status, education status,
occupational distribution and a range of other variables for Hmong residing in the United States. The Hmong
American profile from the 2009 ACS has been posted here:

New Hmong Daw (White Hmong) Wikipedia Group
The following announcement was shared at the Hmong Studies research message board:

The Wikimedia community announced that the Hmong Daw (White Hmong) Wikipedia is ready to accept contributions:

The incubator is located at, so users who want to start adding articles
should go to this link. The webpage of is where the localization of the Wiki interface goes.

Call for Presentations 15th Annual Hmong National Conference
The Call for Presentations for the 15th annual Hmong National Conference has been extended to Monday, November
8, 2010. Please note that applicants will now be notified of workshop acceptance by December 10, 2010. Please visit to download the Call for Presentations or other important conference information.
Other upcoming conference deadlines:
- Affinity Sessions – November 19, 2010
- Hmong Student Association (HSA) of the Year Award – December 17, 2010


The Hmong Studies Journal has a Facebook page and a Twitter feed. Updates about the journal and items of interest
pertaining to Hmong Studies research are posted on the Facebook and Twitter pages.

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Facebook page visit:

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Twitter feed visit:


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated online
subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:

A newly created 2007-Present research bibliography is updated every few weeks with information about the latest
research publications in Hmong Studies, online links to text are included where applicable:


Volumes 4-9 of the Hmong Studies Journal are now available for order in a physical, print format through Hmong ABC
Bookstore in Saint Paul.

For more info visit the following link:


A growing library of links to full-text research articles and other documents related to Hmong Studies and Southeast
Asian American Studies is available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content related to
community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong Homepage. Craig Rice co-
founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first to provide substantive
educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The WWW Hmong Homepage is
still one of the most heavily visited and linked resource portal websites related to the Hmong. To view the recently
revamped WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about news in Hmong Studies visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at