Fall 2011


ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique and consistent
source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and Hmong-related research resources. To
access back issues of this online publication dating back to 2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong Studies
Journal academic journal. This unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong Studies as well
as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be found
at the Hmong Resource Center Library ( at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, the
largest depository of Hmong Studies academic journal articles and graduate theses and dissertations in the United

The Hmong Archives is a comprehensive historical archive of more than 115,000 Hmong-related documents, books
and artifacts. Located in Saint Paul, MN, visit to learn about the Hmong Archives collection.  



Aurea A. Berger. (2011). Hmong Americans and Healthcare Inequalities and Solutions. B.A. Senior Thesis,
San Francisco State University.
This thesis utilizes oral interviews and questionnaires to investigate access to
health care among a Hmong American population in California. This study may be accessed here:

Jacob R. Hickman. (2011). Morality and Personhood in the Hmong Diaspora: A Person-Centered
Ethnography of Migration and Resettlement. Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Chicago.
This graduate
study investigates cultural and psychological adaptations transnational Hmong families have experienced as they
have migrated to both Thailand and the United States. The researcher pays particular attention to language shift,
changing kinship and ritual networks and messianic movements among his Hmong informants.

Jennifer Kue. (2011). Hepatitis B and Liver Cancer Among Hmong: Knowledge, Perceptions of Risk, and
Barriers to Hepatitis B Screening and Vaccination. Ph.D. Dissertation, Oregon State University.
graduate study assesses knowledge and beliefs about hepatitis B infection and transmission: perceptions of risk to
hepatitis B; barriers to hepatitis B screening; and vaccination and knowledge of liver cancer among Hmong residing in

Meghan C. Mahowald. (2011). Fourth Grade Hmong Students’ Reading Proficiency. Ph.D. Dissertation,
University of Minnesota.
This graduate study examines factors involved in reading development and proficiency
among fourth grade Hmong students in a large, urban school district.

Lena Moua. (2011). Navigating Multiple Worlds: A Qualitative Study of the Lived Experiences of Hmong
Women Leaders. Ed.D. dissertation, California State University, Stanislaus.
This graduate study utilizes
qualitative methods to examine the personal and professional lives of nine Hmong American female leaders. Of
particular interest to the researcher are factors that contributed to the participants’ leadership development;
strategies that were used attain and maintain leadership roles and barriers participants encountered.

Faith G. Nibbs. (2011). Refugeehood and Belonging: Processes, Intersections, and Agency in Two Hmong
Resettlement Communities. Ph.D. Dissertation, Southern Methodist University.
This graduate study
assesses processes refugees use to perceive belonging at different scales as they work to reestablish their lives,
networks and identities after resettlement. The author compares the experiences of Hmong refugees in two very
different settings with disparate levels of state involvement in the resettlement process - Texas in the United States
and Gammertingen, Germany.   

Karla C. Peterson. (2011). Lost in Translation: How Language and Culture Affect the Perception of Care of
Hmong Patients at a Midwestern Primary Care Clinic. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Saint Thomas.
graduate study uses qualitative methods to assess perceptions of care experienced by Hmong patients in a family
medicine clinic in the Midwestern U.S. The researcher pays particular attention to how issues of culture and language
at times posed barriers of communication and conflicts of cultural values.

Kong Meng Vang. (2011). Living a Double Life: How Hmong Adolescents adapt with Clashing Cultures. Ed.
S. Dissertation, California State University, Fresno.
This graduate study examines the relationship between
psychological wellbeing and acculturative stress as well as acculturation level among Hmong adolescents.  

Tachua Vue. (2011). Variables of High-Performing Hmong English Learners. Ed.D. Dissertation, California
State University, Fresno.
This graduate study investigates factors that contribute to the academic success of a
cohort of high-performing Hmong English K-12 learners.  

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Shelley R. Adler. (2011). “The Night-mare, Traditional Hmong Culture and Sudden Death.” In Shelley R.
Adler, Sleep Paralysis: Night-mares, Nocebos, and the Mind-Body Connection. New Brunswick, NJ:
Rutgers University Press, pp. 94-116.
This article summarizes the research regarding SUNDS (Sudden
Unexpected Nocturnal Death Syndrome) which has led to the deaths of 117 Southeast Asians including many Hmong
since 1977.  

Jill L. Depke and Adedayo A. Onitilo. (2011). “Coalition Building and the Intervention Wheel to Address
Breast Cancer Screening in Hmong Women.” Clinical Medicine and Research 9(1): 1-6.
This article presents
strategies intended to assist medical practitioners in providing breast cancer screening services to Hmong women.

Ivy K. Ho and Khanh T. Dinh. (2011). “Cervical Cancer Screening Among Southeast Asian American
Women.” Journal of Immigrant Minority Health 13: 49-60.
The authors of this study note that the incidence of
cervical cancer among Southeast Asian American women is high while participation in preventive screening is low.
This article provides a overview of the research literature on factors associated with cervical cancer screening
participation among Vietnamese, Cambodian and Hmong women in the U.S.

Constance Lavoie. (2011). “The Educational Realities of Hmong Communities in Vietnam: The Voices of
Teachers.” Critical Inquiry in Language Studies 8(2): 153-175.
This study assesses the sociolinguistic situation
of Hmong children in Lao Cai Province, Vietnam and the impact of government language policy on their educational

Helen Luce, Jackie Redmer, Mark Gideonsen, Lee Dresang, Beth Potter and Sarina Schrager. (2011).
“Culturally Specific Maternity Care in Wisconsin.” Wisconsin Medical Journal 110(1): 32-37.
This article
reviews cultural issues that may impact maternity care among African American, Latina, Hmong and Amish women in

Robert T. Malison, Rasmon Kalayasiri, Kittipong Sanichwankul, Atapol Sughondhabirom, Apiwat
Mutirangura, Brian Pittman, Ralitza Gueorguieva, Henry R. Kranzler, Joel Gelernter. (2011). “Inter-rater
reliability and concurrent validity of DSM-IV opioid dependence in a Hmong isolate using the Thai version
of the Semi-Structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA).” Addictive Behaviors
36: 156-160.
With the goal of identifying genes for common disorders in genetically and environmentally isolated
populations, the authors of this study assessed the diagnostic reliability and concurrent validity of DSM-IV opioid
dependence in a Hmong population in Thailand.

Urvashi Mulasi-Pokhriyal and Chery Smith. (2011). “Investigating Health and Diabetes Perceptions Among
Hmong American Children, 9-18 Years of Age.” Journal of Immigrant Minority Health 13: 470-477.
This study
investigates how Hmong children perceive health and diabetes risk. Based on the results, the researchers posit a
need for culturally appropriate interventions, with the goal of educating children and families about the risks
associated with obesity and diabetes.

Bic Ngo and Jill Leet-Otley. (2011). “Discourses about Gender Among Hmong American Policymakers:
Conflicting Views about Gender, Culture and Hmong Youth.” Journal of Language, Identity and Education
10(2): 99-118.
This article consists of a critical discourse analysis of interviews with 3 influential Hmong American
politicians and policymakers. The interviews show divergent perspectives on early marriage, gender norms and issues
facing Hmong parents and youth. In their analysis, the authors pay particular attention to the detrimental influence of
dominant discourse on Hmong Americans.

Monica Potts. (2011). “The Serfs of Arkansas: Immigrant Farmers are Flocking to the Poultry Industry –
Only to Become 21st Century Sharecroppers for Companies like Tyson.” The American Prospect, Volume
22 (3)(April 2011).
This magazine article describes experiences of Hmong Americans who have moved to Arkansas
and other nearby states over the past decade to work in the chicken farming industry.

Muhammad Y. Sheikh, Mouatou Mouanoutoua, Matthew D. Walvick, Leepao Khang, Jasjit Singh, Steven
Stoltz and Paul K. Mills. (2011). “Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) Infection Among Hmong Immigrants
in the San Joaquin Valley.” Journal of Community Health 36: 42-46.
The purpose of this study was to determine
the prevalence of HBV among Hmong in the San Joaquin Valley of California. The research revealed that
approximately one out of six out of over 500 Hmong screened in a sample was infected with HBV. Less than 40% of
those in the sample reported having a primary care physician.

Pusaporn Tabrizi. (2011). The Role of Social and Cultural Factors in the Degree Completion of Female
Hmong College Students. Ph.D Dissertation, Capella University.
This graduate study explores the social and
cultural factors that facilitate degree completion among a sample of female Hmong students in a 4 year post-
secondary university in the Midwestern U.S.

Isao Takei and Arthur Sakamoto. (2011). “Poverty Among Asian Americans in the 21st Century.”
Sociological Perspectives 54(2): 251-276.
The authors of this study use data from the 2005, 2006 and 2007
American Community Surveys to assess absolute and relative poverty among Asian Americans. Poverty rates among
subgroups of Hmong Americans and other Asian American ethnic groups are compared to white and other minority
populations in the U.S.

Kimberly Murphy Thalacker. (2011). “Hypertension and the Hmong Community: Using the Health Belief
Model for Health Promotion.” Health Promotion Practice 12(4): 538-543.
In this article, the researcher provides
suggestions for how health practitioners might use the Health Belief Model to help Hmong clients manage
hypertension and related conditions.

Daniel Weimer. (2011). “Viewing the drug subcultures of the golden triangle: source control, COIN,
modernization and the Hmong in Thailand.” In Daniel Weimer, Seeing Drugs: Modernization,
Counterinsurgency, and U.S. Narcotics Control in the Third World, 1969-1976. Kent, OH: Kent State
University Press, 85-112.
This book chapter describes policies devised and implemented by the Thai and U.S.
governments in the 1960s and 1970s to defuse a perceived security threat and reduce participation in the drug trade
among Hmong populations residing in Northern Thailand.  

Joseph John Westermeyer. (2011). “Refugee Resettlement to the United States: Recommendations for a
New Approach.” The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 199(8): 532-536.
The author of this article
compares and contrasts the resettlement experiences of the Hmong and Thai Dam refugees in the United States and
posits a resettlement approach that he suggests would improve mental health and acculturation outcomes for future
groups of refugees.

Wa Vue, Cindy Wolff, Keiko Goto. (2011). “Hmong Food Helps Us Remember Who We Are: Perspectives of
Food Culture and Health among Hmong Women with Young Children.” Journal of Nutrition Education and
Behavior 43(3): 199-204.
This paper summarizes a study that examined perspectives on food habits, acculturation
and health among Hmong women and young children in northern California.

Avonne A. Yang and Tama L. Morris. (2011). “Hmong American Women Crossing Borders in Nursing
Education: Two Case Studies.” Journal of Nursing Education 50(5): 275-277.
This article discusses a study that
assessed the perceived impact of Hmong culture on Hmong American womens’ nursing education. The researchers
use their findings to posit ways in which schools of Nursing can positively influence the education of Hmong American


In the summer of 2011, the U.S. Census Bureau released Hmong State Population data from summary file 1 of the
2010 census. The numbers have been posted here:


Significant changes have been adopted by the U.S. census bureau with the pending release of 2010 census data.
Some important Hmong American datasets formerly part of the decennial census are now only part of the Annual
Community Survey and will be available only for geographic units with larger population thresholds. A memorandum
with information about these changes as well as the release schedule for Hmong data in the 2010 U.S. Census is
available at:


A Bibliographic Guide to Hmong Studies Research 2005-2010 is now available online. This guide is intended as an
introduction to recent research in different subfields of Hmong Studies including Health, Socioeconomics, Race
Relations, Education, Gender, and Hmong in Asia Studies. The guide also includes observations on Areas in Need of
Additional Research and on the development of Hmong Studies more generally. To view this publication visit:


Better Places Video

Better Places: The Hmong of Providence a Generation Later is the sequel to The Best Place to Live, a 1981
documentary about the early resettlement of the Hmong community in Providence, Rhode Island.

The Hmong in the original documentary came as refugees from Southeast Asia, where they had fought alongside the
United States during the Vietnam War. In Better Places: The Hmong of Providence a Generation Later, RISD
filmmaker Peter O'Neill and Rutgers University anthropologist Louisa Schein pick up the story 25 years later, pursuing
longtime friendships to take a look at what has become of the families they had documented a generation earlier. This
sequel, shot over five years, features personal and vivid footage of the daily lives, ceremonies, and ongoing
relationships of Hmong Americans from one small city.

For more information about this new video documentary contact Professor Louisa Schein at:

New University of Wisconsin-Madison/University of Minnesota Hmong Studies Website

(Submitted by Dr. Ian Baird)

A website devoted to the University of Wisconsin-Madison/University of Minnesota Hmong Studies Consortium is
currently in development. View the website here:


The Hmong Studies Journal has a Facebook page and a Twitter feed. Updates about the journal and items of interest
pertaining to Hmong Studies research are posted on the Facebook and Twitter pages.

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Facebook page visit:

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Twitter feed visit:


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated online
subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:

A 2007-Present research bibliography is updated every few weeks with information about the latest research
publications in Hmong Studies, online links to text are included where applicable:


Volumes 4-11 of the Hmong Studies Journal are available for order in a physical, print format through Hmong ABC
Bookstore in Saint Paul.

For more info visit the following link:


A growing library of links to full-text research articles and other documents related to Hmong Studies and Southeast
Asian American Studies is available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content related to
community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong Homepage. Craig Rice co-
founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first to provide substantive
educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The WWW Hmong Homepage is
still one of the most heavily visited and linked resource portal websites related to the Hmong. To view the recently
revamped WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about news in Hmong Studies visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at