ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Resource Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique
and consistent source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and
Hmong-related research resources. To access back issues of this online publication dating back to
2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, Texas A and M University


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong
Studies Journal academic journal. The unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong
Studies as well as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be
found at the Hmong Resource Center Library at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps the largest
depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong Resource
Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9 – 5. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s
offices at 995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarians: Ray Murray, Xai
Lorand Xiongpao Lee. E-Mail:

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:

Walk-ins are welcome and there are many displays to look at that teach about the Hmong people, their history,
their culture and their experience in the U.S. over the past 25 years. Larger group tours and educational
sessions may be arranged in advance.



Alisa, Kaarin. (2007). The Hmong (Coming to America Series). Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven
A book targeted to a K-6 audience with basic introductory information about Hmong history, Hmong
culture, and the Hmong experience in the United States.

Chuamsakul, Songwit. (2006). Education and Hmong culture change: A study of two Hmong villages
in northern Thailand. PhD Dissertation, Trent University (Canada).
This doctoral study examines the
impact that Thai schools have had upon the practice of Hmong culture in two villages located in Northern
Thailand.  The author observes that many Hmong in these villages are increasingly attempting to assimilate
into Thai society while giving up certain aspects of Hmong culture.  The researcher suggests an increased
emphasis upon multicultural education in the Thai educational system.

DePouw, Christin A. (2006). Negotiating Race, Navigating School: Situating Hmong American
University Student Experiences. PhD Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
doctoral study of Hmong-American students experiences at a higher education institution. The researcher
concludes that Hmong-American students experience discrimination in post-secondary educational institutions
in a variety of both overt and subtle ways. The author shows how and why students, in spite of these
considerable obstacles, remain “educationally persistent.”

Duong, Hanh Bich. (2006). The Hmong Girls of Sa Pa: Local Places, Global Trajectories, Hybrid
Identities. PhD Dissertation, University of Washington.
This doctoral dissertation examines the
experiences of Hmong girls who have left their villages to work in the tourism industry in the city of Sa Pa
located in Northwestern Vietnam.  A particular focus of the researcher is the impact this migration has had on
the identities of these young tourism industry workers as minority females within the broader context of the
processes of globalization.  

Moua, KaoCherPao Ger. (2006). Trait Structure and Levels in Hmong Americans: A Test of the Five
Factor Model of Personality. PhD Dissertation, Washington State University.
A doctoral study which
uses several tests to compare Hmong personality measures with those associated with American norms. The
author’s multiple regression analyses suggest that Hmong American personality traits differ with level of

Yang, Kao Neng. (2006). A comparative study of parenting attitudes between three groups of Hmong
using the Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory-2 Hmong version. PhD Dissertation, Alliant
International University, Fresno.
This doctoral study examines both parenting/child-rearing attitudes and
acculturation among three groups of Hmong parents with differential levels of experience in the United States.
The researcher utilized Bavolek and Keene's (2001) Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI-2) Hmong
version, and Cappelletty's (1986) Hmong Acculturation Scale. Wave 1  of the researcher’s sample included
Hmong refugees who came to the United States between 1976 and 1993. The Wave 2 group included Hmong
refugees who arrived in the United States after 2004. A U.S.-born group included Hmong parents born in the
United States. The author found major differences among the parents in terms of parenting attitudes, these
differences were strongly related to levels of acculturation.

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Culhane-Pera, Kathleen A., Her, Cheng, and Bee Her. (2007). “‘We are out of balance here’: a Hmong
Cultural Model of Diabetes.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.  Published online: 24 January
The authors of this paper developed a “Hmong cultural model” of diabetes from discussions with 39
Hmong adults with Type 2 diabetes. The authors suggest that their findings may be useful to providers hoping
to implement diabetes prevention and treatment programs for Hmong clients.

Duffy, John. (2007). “Recalling the Letter: The Uses of Oral Testimony in Historical Studies of
Literacy.” Written Communication 24(1): 84-107.
The author of this article uses examples of oral
testimonies by Hmong-American adults to show how oral testimonies provide additional and valuable
information about literacy experiences of refugees and immigrants that are not often available in traditional
documentary (i.e. written) sources.  

Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E. and Tsai, Jeanne L. (2007). “Gender differences in emotional response
among European Americans and Hmong Americans.” Cognition & Emotion 21(1): 162-181.
This article
assesses the impact of gender upon the emotional responses of European Americans and Hmong Americans
as they recounted emotional events in their past. The authors found that emotional responses are strongly
correlated with gender among both groups.

Sakamoto, Arthur and Woo, Hyeyoung. (2007). “The Socioeconomic Attainments of Second-
Generation Cambodian, Hmong, Laotian, and Vietnamese Americans.” Sociological Inquiry 77(1): 44-
The authors of this study used 2000 census data to examine the socioeconomic attainments of second-
generation Cambodian, Hmong, Laotian, and Vietnamese Americans relative to White and Black Americans.

Tanjasiri, Sora Park et al. (2007). “Designing culturally and linguistically appropriate health
interventions: The ‘life is precious’ Hmong breast cancer study.” Health Education and Behavior 34
(1): 140-153.
This article describes an effort to develop a culturally and linguistically appropriate intervention to
improve the breast cancer screening rates among Hmong women in Fresno and San Diego, California.

Thao, Yer J. (2006). “Culture and Knowledge of the Sacred Instrument Qeej in the Mong-American
Community.” Asian Folklore Studies 65(2): 249-267.
This study  describe the importance of the oral
tradition of the Qeej instrument to Hmong culture and the challenges of keeping the Qeej tradition alive in
Hmong-American communities. The author describes a Qeej teaching program operated by a Hmong
organization in Long Beach, California.



1. “Die Another Day”: A qualitative analysis of Hmong experiences with kidney stones. by Kathleen
A. Culhane-Pera, MD, MA and Mayseng Lee, MD, MPH.

2. Food Preparation, Practices, and Safety In The Hmong Community by Miguel A. Pérez, PhD, CHES;
Long Julah Moua, MPH, REHS and Helda Pinzon-Perez, PhD, RN, CHES.

3. Knowledge of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Among Hmong Populations In Central California by
Teng Vang, MPH and Helda Pinzon-Perez, PhD, RN, CHES.

4. Learning from the experiences of Hmong mental health providers by Linda Gensheimer, PhD.

5. Coming Home? The Integration of Hmong Refugees from Wat Tham Krabok, Thailand, into
American Society by Grit Grigoleit, MA.

6. Developing Culturally Sensitive Parent Education Programs for Immigrant Families: The Helping
Youth Succeed Curriculum by Zha Blong Xiong, PhD; Daniel F. Detzner, PhD; Zoe Hendrickson
Keuster, BA; Patricia A. Eliason, MA and Rose Allen, MEd.

7. From a Refugee Camp to the Minnesota State Senate: A Case Study of a Hmong  American
Woman’s Challenge by Taeko Yoshikawa.

8. The Texas Two-Step, Hmong Style: A Delicate Dance Between Culture and Ethnicity by Faith Nibbs.

9. Dreaming Across the Oceans: Globalization and Cultural Reinvention in the Hmong
Diaspora by Gary Y. Lee, Ph.D.

10. The Meeting with Guanyin, the Goddess of Mercy A Case Study of Syncretism in the Hmong
System of Beliefs by Kao-Ly Yang, Ph.D.

11. ‘Why Would We Want Those Students Here?’: Bridges and Barriers to Building Campus
Community Partnerships by Vincent K. Her, PhD and Mary Louise Buley-Meissner, PhD.

Volume 7 and previous volumes of the Hmong Studies Journal may be viewed online at:

A listing of Hmong Studies Journal articles organized by topic is at the following link:

A listing of Hmong Studies Journal articles organized by author is at the following link:

The Hmong Studies Journal also has all of its content distributed in digital format to hundreds of academic
libraries around the world through an agreement with ProQuest's Ethnic NewsWatch. Other peer-reviewed
scholarly journals related to Ethnic Studies distributed by Ethnic NewsWatch include: Research in African
Literatures, American Indian Quarterly, Pacific Historical Review, The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education,
Jewish Social Studies, Isreal Studies, History and Memory, Ethnic Studies Review, Diverse Issues in Higher
Education, Cultural Survival Quarterly, Canadian Ethnic Studies, Race, Gender, and Class, and The Social

The Hmong Studies Journal has also recently reached agreement with EBSCO to distribute all of its content in
digital format beginning in 2007. EBSCO claims that its databases including Academic Search Premier reach
close to 90% of all public and academic libraries in the United States and Canada.

There will be a special Hmong Studies Journal Volume 7 panel at the
Hmong National Conference in Detroit
April 15-17. 3 authors from Volume 7 - Dr. Kathie Culhane-Pera, Dr. Zha Blong Xiong, and Dr. Linda
Gensheimer along with Dr. Mark E. Pfeifer, the journal's editor will be participating in this session.

The submission date for Hmong Studies Journal Volume 8 is May 30, 2007.
Please click on this link for
additional submission information:


In late 2006, the U.S. Census released state Hmong population counts and a detailed community profile
(including socioeconomic, education, and demographic variables) for the Hmong population across the U.S.
from the 2005 American Community Survey. This is the most detailed Hmong-American data that has been
available since the release of the 2000 census.

More info about these datasets and links to 2005 ACS Hmong data have been posted at the following link:

Information about Southeast Asian American data (Vietnamese, Cambodian, Lao) is posted here:

Brief articles about the newly available census data have also recently been published in the Asian American
Press newspaper. These articles may be viewed at the following links:



Hmong Cultural Center has added 9 new videos of Hmong folk arts performances to, a
unique multicultural arts education website: the Learn about Hmong website uses online video clips and other
multimedia technologies to teach about the Hmong folk arts while also promoting a better understanding of the
Hmong people and their experience in Minnesota and the United States. The new video clips added to the
website in early 2007 include the following:

•        Wangsue Lee playing a song on the traditional Hmong Two-String Violin instrument (Thaj Chij).

•        Tougeu Leepalao orally reciting and performing 6 songs from the Hmong funeral ceremony on the Qeej
instrument (The Death Song, the Song to Resurrect the Horse, the Song to Give the Deceased Supper, the
Song to Give the Deceased Animals, the Song to Give the Deceased an Army, the Song to Send the Body to
the Ground).

•        Tougeu Leepalao Orally Reciting the Hmong funeral ceremony Song to Give a Blessing to the
Deceased's Family Through the Sacrifice of a Pig

•        Tougeu Leepalao Orally reciting the Hmong marriage ceremony song Bringing the Bride to the Groom’s

To view all of the new video Hmong folk arts performances visit the
LearnaboutHmong video webpage

A special event will be held at Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul in April 2007 highlighting the Hmong folk
artists featured on the website. More information about this event will be available in the near future at the
Hmong Cultural Center website is a multimedia website intended to advance public knowledge about the Hmong
folk arts and promote multicultural education about the Hmong people. has been made
possible from 2004-2007 by support from the National Endowment for the Arts, the COMPAS/McKnight
Foundation Community Art Program, the COMPAS/3M Award for Innovation in the Arts Program and the Asian
Pacific Endowment of the Saint Paul Foundation.


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated
online subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content
related to community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong
Homepage. Craig Rice co-founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first
to provide substantive educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The
WWW Hmong Homepage is still one of the most heavily visited and linked educational websites related to the
Hmong. A recent update includes a link to a new Hmong Cookbook website. To view the WWW Hmong
Homepage and learn about upcoming educational events visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at: