ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique and consistent
source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and Hmong-related research resources. To
access back issues of this online publication dating back to 2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong Studies
Journal academic journal. This unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong Studies as well
as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be found
at the Hmong Resource Center Library ( at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps
the largest depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong
Resource Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 2 – 6. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at
995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul.
Link to map: Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarian: Cher Vue.

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:



Shannon Marie Feliciano. (2011). Understanding Infant Feeding Choices Among Hmong American Women
in Saint Paul, MN. PhD Dissertation, Temple University.
The author of this graduate study conducted a
qualitative analysis of infant-feeding patterns among 21 Hmong mothers residing in Minnesota.

Jean Michaud and Tim Forsyth. (2011). Moving Mountains: Ethnicity and Livelihoods in Highland China,
Vietnam and Laos. Vancouver: UBC Press.
This scholarly anthology includes a collection of articles that discuss
the relationship between ethnicity and  socioeconomic status among minority groups residing in the Highlands regions
of China, Vietnam and Laos, an area that has been labeled by some scholars as “Zomia.” Chapters in the work focus
on the situation and experiences of minority groups in the region including the Hmong, Khmu, Drung, Hani, Tai and
Akha. Learn more about this book here:

Gary Yia Lee and Nicholas Tapp. (2010). Culture and Customs of the Hmong. Santa Barbara, CA:
This work is part of the Culture and Customs of Asia series. The book provides chapters on a broad
range of topics including the Hmong diaspora, history and identity; beliefs and religion; oral and written literature; the
arts; housing; traditional dress and cuisine; gender, courtship and marriage; festivals and leisure activities as well
social organization, customs and lifestyles. Also provided are a chronology of Hmong historical events, a list of
suggested further readings and a glossary. Learn more about this book here:

Martha Ratliff. (2010). Hmong-Mien Language History. Canberra: The Australian National University, Pacific
This work presents a new reconstruction of Proto Hmong-Mien, the ancestor language of the modern
Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao) languages of southern China and northern Southeast Asia. In addition, the book contains
discussions of selected important topics in the history of the Hmong-Mien languages. These include phonological
change, tonogenesis and tone development, ancient morphology, numerals and pronouns, language contact, as well
as the ancient Hmong-Mien world. Learn more about this book here:

Rachael Schuster. (2010). Examining Treatment Outcomes for Hmong American Youth with Delinquency
Problems. PhD Dissertation, Indiana University.
This graduate study assesses and compares the outcomes of an
evidence-based family therapy treatment and residential treatment among a sample of 153 Hmong American youth.
The author’s findings indicated that Hmong American juveniles who received family therapy were much less likely to re-
offend  compared to those who received residential treatment.  

Philipe N. Thao. (2010). Proprietors without a Spiritual Pillar: The Search for Revitalization among Hmong
in the Midwestern United States. PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
This graduate study
provides an anthropological analysis of Hmong American cultural adaptation in Wisconsin. Topics covered include
clans, kinship and social hierarchy in the Hmong community, entrepreneurship, farming and gardening, July 4th
festivals, beauty pageants, secondary migration and chicken farming, religious practices and family life.    

Maying Adeline Va. (2010). Cross-linguistic Influence in a Third Language: The Case of Hmong-English
Bilingual Learners of French. M.A. Thesis, University of California – Davis.
 This graduate Linguistics study
investigates whether certain morpho-syntactic features of France are more prone to avoidance than others as a
result of cross-linguistic influences from English as a first or second language and Hmong as a first language.

Her Vang. (2010). Dreaming of Home, Dreaming of Land: Displacements and Hmong Transnational Politics,
1975-2010. PhD Dissertation, University of Minnesota.
This graduate study investigates the historical
development of transnational politics among the Hmong from 1975 when the Hmong first arrived in the U.S. as
refugees to 2010 when the Lao PDR government rejected the late Hmong leader General Vang Pao’s request to
return to Laos.

Kong Meng Vang. (2010). Mental Health: Identifying Barriers to Hmong Students’ Use of Mental Health
Services. PhD Dissertation, California State University, Fresno.
This graduate study assesses the impact of
acculturation and perceived stigmatization effects upon Hmong high school students’ attitudes toward seeking mental
health services and perceived barriers.

Chai W. Xiong. (2010). A Critical Hermeneutic Approach to Hmong Leadership in the Lao PDR: Horizons of
Forgiveness and Action through Imagination in Community Development. PhD Dissertation, University of
San Francisco.
The author of this graduate study utilized hermeneutic theory to explore contemporary Hmong
leadership in the Lao PDR and implications for community development.

Ava Yang. (2010). Themes in the Career Development of 1.5 Generation Hmong American Women. PhD
Dissertation, University of Minnesota.
This graduate study assesses the ways in which 1.5 generation Hmong
American women have experienced, understood and attempted to navigate their career development trajectories.

Cher Vang. (2009). The Relationship Among Acculturation, Cultural Adjustment Difficulties, and
Psychological Symptoms Among Hmong Americans. PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
This graduate study investigates relationships among acculturation, cultural adjustment issues and psychological
distress among a sample of Hmong Americans residing in the Midwestern U.S.

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Peter I. De Costa. (2010). “From Hmong Refugee to Transformer: A Bourdieusian Take on a Hmong Learner’
s Trajectory.” TESOL Quarterly 44(3): 517-541.
This article provides a case study of a Hmong male refugee Adult
ESL (English as a Second Language) learner utilizing the Bourdieusian concepts of capital, habitus and field.  The
article is intended to provide insights for both practice and research in the study of Adult ESL instruction.

Daryl Fjuii and Alyssa Kaying Vang. (2010). “Neuropsychology of Hmong Americans.” In The
neuropsychology of Asian Americans, edited  by Daryl Fujii, 71-88. New York: Taylor and Francis.
This article
presents basic information about Hmong culture and suggested treatment strategies for Neuropsychologists working
with Hmong clients of various ages and lengths of residence in the United States.    

Rika Ito. (2010). “Accommodation to the Local Majority Norm by Hmong Americans in the Twin Cities,
Minnesota.” American Speech 85(2): 141-162.
This linguistic study assesses selected English sounds spoken by
Hmong Americans in a U.S. region experiencing a process of vowel space restructuring.

James S. Lai. (2010). “Eau Claire, Wisconsin: The Political Rise of the Hmong American Community.” In
Asian American Political Action: Suburban Transformations, edited by James S. Lai. Boulder, CO: Lynne
Rienner Publishers, 199-212.
This article describes political and electoral engagement of Hmong Americans in Eau
Claire, WI from the late 1970s until 2008.

Andrew J. Portis, Mark Laliberte, Penny Tatman, Maikia Moua, Kathleen Culhane-Pera, Naim M. Maalouf,
and Khashayar Sakhaee. (2010). “High Prevalence of Gouty Arthritis Among the Hmong Population in
Minnesota.” Arthritis Care and Research 62(10): 1386-1391.
The authors of this study evaluated the prevalence
of gout among Hmong residing in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area compared with that in non-Hmong populations. The
authors observed a significant association between Hmong ethnicity and the prevalence of gout, both self-reported
and physician diagnosed.

Ngo Thi Thanh Tam. (2010). “Ethnic and Transnational Dimensions of Recent Protestant Conversion
among the Hmong in Northern Vietnam.” Social Compass 57(3): 332-344.
This study presents a case study of
Hmong conversion to Protestantism in Northern Vietnam. The author argues that both ethnic and transnational factors
are intrinsic to understanding Hmong conversions to Evangelical Protestantism in Vietnam.

Martha Ratliff. (2009). “Loanwords in White Hmong”. In Loanwords in the World's Languages: A
Comparative Handbook edited by Martin Haspelmath and Uri Tadmor, 638–658. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

This article describes a sizable study of loanwords in White Hmong.

Martha Ratliff. (2009). “White Hmong vocabulary”. In World Loanword Database, edited by Martin
Haspelmath and Uri Tadmor, 1,292 entries. Munich: Max Planck Digital Library.
This online database contains
more than 1,000 meaning-word pairs in White Hmong. The vocabulary contained in the database was part of a sizable
study of loanwords in White Hmong conducted by the researcher. View the database here:


A Bibliographic Guide to Hmong Studies Research 2005-2010 is now available online. This guide is intended as an
introduction to recent research in different subfields of Hmong Studies including Health, Socioeconomics, Race
Relations, Education, Gender, and Hmong in Asia Studies. The guide also includes observations on Areas in Need of
Additional Research and on the development of Hmong Studies more generally. To view this publication visit:


Significant changes have been adopted by the U.S. census bureau with the pending release of 2010 census data.
Some important Hmong American datasets formerly part of the decennial census are now only part of the Annual
Community Survey and will be available only for geographic units with larger population thresholds. A memorandum
with information about these changes as well as the release schedule for Hmong data in the 2010 U.S. Census is
available at:


The Hmong Studies Journal is accepting submissions for Volume 12. For more information visit this website: http:


The Hmong Studies Journal: Current Research on Hmong Americans and the Hmong Diaspora,
Minneapolis Marriott City Hotel, April 23, 2011, 10:45 AM – 12:15 PM

Session Panelists

Dr. Mark Pfeifer. Texas A and M University, Corpus Christi, Chair. “An Overview of the Hmong Studies Journal and
Recent Research in Hmong Studies.”

Nancy Herther. University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. “Citation Analysis and Hmong Studies Publications: An Initial

Dr. Bic Ngo. University of Minnesota, Twin Cities. “Hmong American Adolescent Boys Navigating Family Expectations
and School.”

To learn more about the 15th Annual Hmong National Conference visit:


The Hmong Resource Center Library’s 2011 Newsletter is available for viewing. The newsletter includes information
about the library’s collections and profiles of recent additions to this library’s comprehensive research holdings in
Hmong Studies. The Hmong Resource Center Library is based at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul.


Hmong American Studies Panels at Annual Association for Asian American Studies Conference, May 18-21,
2011 New Orleans, Louisiana

Thursday, May 19 4:30-6:00 PM

Western Discourses of Hmong Subjectivity and the Hmong Responses
Chair: Leena N. Her, Kennesaw State University

Leena N. Her, Kennesaw State University
Re-presenting Hmong Women’s Lives in Academic Text: The Constraint of Tradition, Culture and Patriarchy

MaiGer Moua, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Contesting Illiteracy and Literacy: Hmong Romanized Popular Alphabet and Pahawh

Chong Moua, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Writing into Being: Memoir, The Latehomecomer, and Construction of a Hmong Subject

Mai Na Lee, University of Minnesota-Twin Cities
From Laotian Warlord to American Icon: Failed Attempts to Find a Vang Pao Park and a Vang Pao Elementary in
Madison, Wisconsin

Friday, May 20 2:45-4:15 PM

Current Research on Hmong American Issues
Chair/Discussant: Bao Lo, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Bao Lo, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Hmong Youth and Mediated Agency: A Contextual and Gendered Response to Assimilation

Yang Lor, University of California-Berkeley
Hmong Political Involvement in St. Paul, Minnesota and Fresno, California

Mai Yang Vang, University of California-Los Angeles
An Examination of Traditional & Contemporary Social Activities and Roles among Hmong Elders in California

Christopher Woon, University of California-Los Angeles
Among B-boys

For more information visit the AAAS conference website at:

Call for Papers, Conference on Critical Refugee Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, November 3-
4, 2011

Submitted by Chia Youvee Vang, Hmong Diaspora Studies Program, UW-Milwaukee

Displacement of populations affects the uprooted as well as communities that receive them. Recognized by
international proxy after World War II, the identity category of refugee has a history as long as the incidence of
warfare and other crises that result in displacement.  This conference uses the 20th century invention of the category
of refugee as a means to compare the experiences of displaced persons across time and space.
We invite papers that chronicle and reflect on the experiences and representations of refugee populations. In
particular, we are interested in work that expands the idea of the refugee to create comparisons and parallels with the
experiences of other groups. Papers that define the term refugee broadly and creatively are most welcome. Among
the questions we invite:

•How do refugee identities compare to those of other migrants?  
•As local and global political contexts change, how do refugees conceptualize notions of citizenship and home?
•How are refugee identities in dialogue with concepts of place/displacement?
•What is the role of memory and the creation of refugee texts?
•How is the refugee experience mediated/mass mediated?

Abstracts by May 15, 2011 to:

Confirmed Speakers:
•Michael Rios, Director, Sacramento Diasporas Project, University of California-Davis
•Romola Sanyal, Lecturer in Global Urbanism, Newcastle University
•Ghita Schwarz, New York Legal Aid, Author, Displaced Persons
•Shirley Tang, Asian American/American Studies University of Massachusetts, Boston
Likely Speaker:
•Dinaw Mengestu, Author, The Beautiful Things that Heaven Bears; How to Read the Air

UW Milwaukee Program Sponsors:
Comparative Ethnic Studies * Hmong Diaspora Studies * Buildings-Landscapes –Cultures * Center for 21st Century
Studies * College of Letters and Science * Union Programming * Cultures and Communities Program  *LACUSL

Hmong in Comparative Contexts Conference held at University of Wisconsin-Madison
Submitted By Ian G. Baird, Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison,

The University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of Minnesota have recently jointly established the “UW-UM
Hmong Studies Consortium”. The Consortium organized its first conference, titled “Hmong in Comparative Contexts”,
at the University of Wisconsin–Madison on 4-6 March 2011. Focusing on critical scholarship, the conference
considered the Hmong and their interactions and relations with other ethnic groups, especially those in Asia but also
the Hmong diaspora in other parts of the world, including the United States. This concept reflects recent theoretical
trends in critical scholarship, including an increasing interest in reconsidering ethnic geographies and associated
boundaries in Asia, and examining new ideas put forward by those engaged in advocating and examining new ideas
related to “Zomia”.

The conference gathered a group of over 30 scholar-presenters and approximately 100 other non-presenters
interested in critical Hmong studies and related ideas. This included well-established scholars as well as those
beginning their careers, and community members. Dr. Christian Culas, a prominent French scholar of the Hmong in
Asia presently residing in northern Vietnam was the keynote speaker. One of the various highlights of the conference
was a critical roundtable panel related to the concept of Zomia. Dr. Hjorleifur Jonsson led off the conference with a
provocative presentation related to the same topic.

New Publications Related to Hmong in Thailand
(Submitted by Larry Ashmun – UW-Madison Libraries)

Each of these is held (according to WorldCat) by only a couple of U.S.
and/or WorldCat libraries. Wisconsin has just received #2-4 (the first 2 courtesy of Prasit Leeprecha in Thailand; the
latter being a copy), and will later have #1 as well.

A word about #4: David Andrianoff's thesis is about the Christian and Missionary Alliance in Laos in which his family
played a major role beginning in 1949 in Xieng Khouang.

If anyone'd like to borrow something now, let me know as soon as possible.

Larry Ashmun

1. Commercializing Hmong used clothing : the transnational trade in Hmong textiles across the Mekong Region / Miao
Yun 2010 35 p. : col. ill., col. map ; 26 cm.
Chiang Mai, Thailand : Regional Center for Social Science and Sustainable Development

2. `Ongkhwamru thongthin Mong chumchon Mæ Sa Mai / Prasit Lipricha., `Aphai Wanitpradit.2009 Phim khrang ræk.
212 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
Chiang Mai : Klum Su’ksa Chattiphan læ Kanphatthana, Sathaban Wichai Sangkhom, Mahawitthayalai Chiang Mai, ;
ISBN: 9789746724074 974672407X

3. Watthanatham kanboriphok læ kanphæt phu’nban klum chattiphan Mong :
miti thang sangkhom watthanatham khong kanchatkan khwamlaklai thang chiwaphap phu’a kanphatthana thi yangyu’
n / Sathian Chantha; bannathikan, Prasit Lipricha. 2006 Phim khrang ræk. 253 p. : ill., maps ; 21 cm.
Chiang Mai : Sun Su’ksa Chattiphan lae Kanphatthana, Sathaban Wichai Sangkhom, Mahawitthayalai Chiang Mai, ;
ISBN: 9746721097 9789746721097

4. Hmong retribalization / David Ivan Andrianoff
1975 Thesis (M.A.)--State University of New York at Binghamton viii, 153 p. : photographs ; 28 cm.

Visiting Assistant Professor in Hmong American Studies, Asian American Studies Program, University of
Wisconsin-Madison, 2011-2012
(Submitted by Lynet Uttal – Asian American Studies, UW-Madison)

Application Deadline:  April 25, 2011 or until filled.
PhD required.
Disciplines sought: Hmong Studies, Sociology, American Studies, Asian American Studies, Counseling Psychology,
Education, Human Development and Family Studies, Nursing, Community Studies, Public Health, Psychology,
Communication Arts, or an interdisciplinary or related discipline.
The Asian American Studies Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison is hiring a visiting assistant professor for
2011-2012 who will teach courses about Hmong in the United States with a contemporary focus. We are interested in
someone who has already completed their PhD and who already has experience teaching at least one college level
course. Experience or strong interest with community based research or service learning is desirable but not
required.  A critical race, race relations, or ethnic studies perspective is preferred. This position also includes
providing consultation about the future of Hmong Studies as a field and involvement in programming (e.g., speakers,
conferences, research institute, etc.) in the Asian American Studies Program. The teaching load will be 2 courses per
This will be the fourth year that we are hiring a visiting assistant professor in Hmong American Studies. It is part of a
longer term strategy to identify and promote the development of new scholars in this area, with the hope that we will
have a pool of scholars to select from for a permanent tenure line in the future.  During the Visiting Assistant
Professor's year at UW, we provide mentoring, professional development support, and opportunities to strengthen
one's academic profile. The visiting assistant professor will have an office in the Asian American Studies Program and
have opportunities to meet and work with members of the academic and local Hmong community.  Previous visiting
assistant professors have gone on to post-docs and tenure track positions.  

We have already put two courses in the timetable for the Fall (generically titled so that they can be tailored to the
interests of the instructor).  
Asian Am 240  Hmong Experiences in the U.S.
Asian Am 540  Hmong American Studies

This is a 9 month position that will pay about $42,865 plus benefits.   

If you are interested in  being considered for this position, please send the following:   
1) your curriculum vita, including names and phone numbers of teaching references listed
2) a letter describing
--your teaching perspective
--a sample syllabi for either of the two courses listed above
--discussion of your specific area of expertise in teaching about Hmong Americans and what the course content for a
topic specific course in this area might be
Please apply BY EMAIL by April 25, 2011 to both:
with the subject line:   VAP 2011-2012 YOUR FULL NAME
If you have any questions about this position, please contact:  Lynet Uttal, Director, Asian American Studies Program ,


Hmong Cultural Center has recently posted its 2010 Annual Report with service delivery statistics, program photos
and other information about the organization’s service to the community. View the report here:  


The Hmong Studies Journal has a Facebook page and a Twitter feed. Updates about the journal and items of interest
pertaining to Hmong Studies research are posted on the Facebook and Twitter pages.

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Facebook page visit:

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Twitter feed visit:


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated online
subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:

A 2007-Present research bibliography is updated every few weeks with information about the latest research
publications in Hmong Studies, online links to text are included where applicable:


Volumes 4-9 of the Hmong Studies Journal are now available for order in a physical, print format through Hmong ABC
Bookstore in Saint Paul.

For more info visit the following link:


A growing library of links to full-text research articles and other documents related to Hmong Studies and Southeast
Asian American Studies is available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content related to
community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong Homepage. Craig Rice co-
founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first to provide substantive
educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The WWW Hmong Homepage is
still one of the most heavily visited and linked resource portal websites related to the Hmong. To view the recently
revamped WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about news in Hmong Studies visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at