Summer 2007 (July-September 2007)


ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Resource Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique
and consistent source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and
Hmong-related research resources. To access back issues of this online publication dating back to
2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD, Texas A and M University


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong
Studies Journal academic journal. The unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong
Studies as well as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be
found at the Hmong Resource Center Library at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps the largest
depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong Resource
Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9 – 5. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s
offices at 995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul. Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarians: Ray Murray and
Xai Lor. E-Mail:

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:

Walk-ins are welcome and there are many displays to look at that teach about the Hmong people, their history,
their culture and their experience in the U.S. over the past 25 years. Larger group tours and educational
sessions may be arranged in advance.



Amnesty International. (2007). Lao’s People Democratic Republic. Hiding in the Jungle: Hmong
Under Threat.
This 31 page report describes the Hmong situation in Laos in 2006 and early 2007.  View this
report at the following link$File/ASA2600307.pdf

John M. Duffy. (2007). Writing from These Roots: Literacy in a Hmong American Community.
Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
This book examines the forces that have influenced the literacy
development of the Hmong. Drawing upon life history interviews conducted over a two-year period in a Hmong
community in Wisconsin, the author investigates the factors that motivated Hmong literacy development in
Laos, including the availability of schooling, CIA-sponsored military activity, and missionary Christianity, and the
factors influencing Hmong literacy development in the U.S., including those of the public schools, Christian
sponsors, and the workplace. The author also assesses the ways in which Hmong writers have appropriated
literacy and used it to fashion their own views of history and experience.

Evellyn Song Lee. (2006). Hmong Women’s Issues: Identity and Mental Health. PhD Dissertation,
North Carolina State University.
This PhD study investigates perceptions, behaviors, and mental health
issues among 38 Hmong women residing in the United States. The author merges her findings to posit an
identity model for Hmong women. This dissertation may be viewed online at the following link:

Yeonjai Rah. (2007). How School Leaders Address the Needs of Refugee Students. PhD
Dissertation, University of Wisconsin-Madison.
This dissertation examines the varying procedures that 3
school districts of varying sizes in Wisconsin used to help Hmong refugee children and youth from Wat Tham
Krabok in Thailand adjust to U.S. life in the 2004-05 period. The author observed that the local contexts,
especially the degree of linguistic diversity and the size of the district, impacted decisions regarding placement
(concentration vs. dispersion) and the instruction the students received.

Elizabeth Samoylenko. (2006). Comparison of Health Beliefs among African American, Caucasian,
Hispanic, and Hmong Hemodialysis Patients Who Skip or Shorten Dialysis Treatments. M.S. Thesis,
California State University, Fresno.
This thesis examines the health beliefs surrounding the lived
experiences of hemodialysis patients from two rural, hospital-based hemodialysis units. Patients of Hmong-
origin were included in this qualitative, phenomenological study.   

Zachary S. Sechrist. (2007). Perception and Knowledge of Hmong High School Students Regarding
Mental Health. M.S. Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.
This thesis provides survey results of Hmong
high school students related to mental health issues. The author also provides recommendations of how school
systems could better meet the mental health needs of Hmong-American students. This thesis may be viewed at
the following link:

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Cynthia H. Brock. (2007). “Exploring an English Language Learner’s Literacy Learning Opportunities:
A Collaborative Case Study Analysis.” Urban Education 42(5): 470-501.
This article from an education
journal reports the results of an ethnographic study of the classroom literacy learning opportunities of a 5th
grade Hmong child who came to the U.S. from Laos by way of Thailand.

Bradford B. Brown, Jeremy P. Bakken, Jacqueline Nguyen, Heather G. Von Bank. (2007). “Sharing
Information about Peer Relations: Parent and Adolescent Opinions and Behaviors in Hmong and
African American Families.” New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development 116: 67-82.
article describes a study that assessed the strategies African American and Hmong American parents use to
seek or censor information about peer relations among their children.

Paula Wenner Conroy. (2007). “Hmong Culture and Visual Impairment: Strategies for Culturally
Sensitive Practices.” View Summer 2007 38(2): 55-64.
This work provides information for educators
providing services to Hmong students who suffer from disabilities and visual impairments. The article is primarily
a literature review of previous studies.

Christine C. Danner, Beatrice E. Robinson, Meg I. Striepe and Pang Foua Yang Rhodes. (2007).
“Running from the Demon: Culturally Specific Group Therapy for Depressed Hmong Women in a
Family Medicine Residency Clinic.” Women and Therapy 30(1/2): 151-176.
This qualitative study
examines the expectations, perceptions and experiences of 14 Hmong female participants who took part in
therapy groups in a primary care setting.

Tracy Pilar Johnson. (2007). “Enclothing Identity: A Hmong Girl’s Journey into the Politics of
Identification in Thailand.” Teacher’s College Record 109(7): 1637-1662.
This article examines the
identity implications and consequences (for a Hmong vs. Thai identity) associated with the alternative clothing
options utilized by a Hmong girl residing in Northern Thailand.

Serge C. Lee, Zha Blong Xiong, and Francis K.O. Yuen. (2006). “Explaining Early Marriage in the
Hmong American Community.” In H. Holgate, R. Evans, F.K. Yuen (Eds.) Teen Pregnancy and
Parenthood: Global Perspectives, Issues and Interventions. London: Taylor and Francis, pp. 25-37.
This article discusses the findings of two studies in California and Wisconsin pertaining to trends in early
marriage among Hmong-Americans. The authors discuss the prevalence of early marriage among their
research samples and common reasons why some of the young Hmong in their samples married before
finishing high school. The authors conclude with recommendations for community leaders and practitioners to
help address the issue of early marriage in Hmong communities.      

Stacey J. Lee. (2007). “The Truth and Myth of the Model Minority: The Case of Hmong Americans.” In
Susan J. Paik and Herbert J. Walberg, (Eds). Narrowing the Achievement Gap: Strategies for
Educating Latino, Black and Asian Students. New York: Springer, pp. 171-184.
This book chapter
focuses on the educational experiences of Hmong Americans and discusses cultural and structural barriers that
Hmong students confront in U.S. schools. The author highlights how the model minority stereotype for Asian
American students negatively impacts Hmong students who encounter difficulty in the school system. The
article concludes with a discussion of implications and recommendations for policymakers and practitioners.

Michele A. Schermann, John M. Shutske, Ruth C. Rasmussen, Stacey M. Jenkins, Choua S. Vang and
Mang Lor. (2006). “Characteristics of Children’s Agricultural Tasks in Hmong Farming Communities.”
Journal of Agromedicine 11(3/4): 121-132.
This study investigates the work tasks and roles and
responsibilities of Hmong children working on farms in Minnesota. The authors found that Hmong farm children
do differing work tasks, have different roles and responsibilities and are exposed to different hazards compared
to most other American farm children.

Jane Viste. (2007). “Communicating (Birth Defects) Prevention Information to a Hmong Population in
Wisconsin: A Study of Cultural Relevance.” Substance Use and Misuse 42(4): 753-774.
This article
discusses the development of a culturally relevant folic acid brochure for Hmong women in Wisconsin as part of
a broader folic acid education program.


In the Fall of 2007, a comprehensive bibliography consisting of more than 600 annotations of Hmong Studies-
related scholarly research works published between 1996-2006 will be published by The Scarecrow Press, a
subsidiary of Rowman Littlefield specializing in academic bibliographies and reference works. This new volume
will represent the first Hmong Studies annotated research bibliography published since the mid-1990s. To learn
more about this soon to be available work visit the following webpage:  


A special panel presentation sponsored by the Asian American Studies program of the University of Minnesota
along with the
Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul and the Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center will be
held in mid-October on the University of Minnesota East Bank campus. The presentation will feature 3 scholars
presenting papers that were published as part of Hmong Studies Journal, Volume 7.

Panel Presenters

“"'Die Another Day': A qualitative analysis of Hmong experiences with kidney stones" Kathleen A. Culhane-
Pera, MA, MD

"Learning from the experiences of Hmong mental health providers" Linda Gensheimer, PhD, LISCW

“Developing Cultural Sensitive Parent Education Programs for Immigrant Families: The Helping Youth Succeed
Curriculum.”  Zha Blong Xiong, PhD

Time and Location

Monday, October 15, 2007
3:00 – 5:00 PM
125 Nolte Hall
University of Minnesota, East Bank Campus

An internet-based journal, the Hmong Studies Journal is the only peer-reviewed academic publication devoted
to the scholarly discussion of Hmong history, Hmong culture, Hmong people, and other facets of the Hmong
experience in the U.S., Asia and around the world. The Hmong Studies Journal has now published 9 online
issues in 7 volumes with a total of 54 scholarly articles since 1996. The journal is online at


Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul has updated the lists of holdings in its Resource Center library on its
website at The library section of the center’s website may be reached at:

Hmong Cultural Center’s library collection includes the following:

- About 475 Hmong-related books and periodicals. A complete and updated list is here:

- About 200 Hmong-related dissertations and theses. A complete and updated list is here:

- About 650 Hmong-related academic journal articles from peer-reviewed journals. A complete and updated list
of the journal articles in the collection is here:

More comprehensive in its focus than any university or public library in the Twin Cities area, the Hmong Cultural
Center Resource Library is the largest collection of Hmong-related academic research publications in
Minnesota and most likely the United States. The most distinctive and specialized portions of the library are the
dissertations/theses and peer-reviewed journal article collections.

For information about using this unique, special collections library call Xai Lor or Ray Murray at 651-917-9937.

HMONG RESOURCE FAIR 2007 (SEPTEMBER 29, 2007)(Saint Paul)

The 6th Annual Hmong Resource Fair will be held September 29, 2007 from 10 AM - 2 PM at Aldrich Arena in
Saint Paul, MN.
Visit this link to view the new website for the Hmong Resource Fair. Photos and the program
from previous Hmong Resource Fair’s may be viewed

(Saint Paul)

Hmong Cultural Center Annual Fundraising Banquet,

Sunday, October 28, 2007, 3-7 PM

At the FoodSmart Banquet Room, 554 University Avenue West, St. Paul  (Shopping
Center at University and Dale)

(Tickets are $25 per person)

Delicious Hmong/Lao/Thai food will be served

Tickets may also be reserved by calling 651-917-9937 for pickup on the evening of
the event at FoodSmart.  Tickets will also be available at the door the day of the
event.  For more information call 651-917-9937 or email:

All proceeds will go to support Hmong Cultural Center's Youth Programs - the Qeej
Program, the Dance Program and the Hmong Men's Circle.


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated
online subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content
related to community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong
Homepage. Craig Rice co-founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first
to provide substantive educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The
WWW Hmong Homepage is still one of the most heavily visited and linked educational websites related to the
Hmong. The latest update includes a link to the recently expanded Hmong Cookbook website which will also be
the subject of a new book to be published in the near future by the University of Minnesota Press.  To view the
WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about upcoming educational events visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at: