ABOUT THIS PUBLICATION: The Hmong Studies Newsletter has since 2001 provided a very unique and consistent
source of up-to-date information about new works in Hmong Studies and Hmong-related research resources. To
access back issues of this online publication dating back to 2001 visit:

Hmong Studies Newsletter Editor: Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center ( is the online home of the Hmong Studies
Journal academic journal. This unique scholarly site also contains extensive bibliographies in Hmong Studies as well
as census data and an online research paper library.

Many of the Hmong Studies articles, books and dissertations listed in this newsletter and on the website may be found
at the Hmong Resource Center Library ( at the Hmong Cultural Center in Saint Paul, perhaps
the largest depository of Hmong Studies academic articles and dissertations in the United States. The Hmong
Resource Center Library of the Hmong Cultural Center is open to the public Monday through Friday from 9 – 5. Other
times are available by appointment. The Hmong Resource Center is located in the Hmong Cultural Center’s offices at
995 University Avenue, Suite 214 in Saint Paul.
Link to map: Phone: 651-917-9937. Librarians: Xai Lor and Cher Vue.

Link to Hmong Resource Center Library Online Catalog:



Dian Baker. (2009). Parental Perceptions of Barriers to Immunization among the Hmong Community in
Central California. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii at Manoa.
This graduate study investigates the
barriers to immunization among the Hmong community in Central California.

Leepao Khang. (2009). Knowledge of the Human Papillomavirus and Cervical Cancer Among Hmong
Female College-Aged Students. M.P.H. Thesis, California State University, Fresno.
This graduate research
study assesses Hmong female college students’ knowledge  and perceptions of susceptibility of infection for HPV and
cervical cancer. The research was conducted among Hmong female students attending California State University,

Martha Ratliff. (2010). Meaningful Tone: A Study of Tonal Morphology in Compounds, Form Classes and
Expressive Phases in White Hmong. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois Press.
An important new work in the linguistic
study of the White Hmong language dialect. The author builds on the 1965 and 1967 works of E. J. A. Henderson, to
describe the morphological functions of tone in Southeast Asian languages. The work focuses  specifically on the
White Hmong language, one of the languages of the larger Hmong-Mien language family. However the work also
investigates underlying ideas about the function of tone as an organizational tool in what Ratliff  describes as “small
word” languages. The author gives special attention to tone and its role in compounds, form classes, and
expressives. To learn more about this new work, please visit this webpage:

Nicholas Tapp. (2010). The Impossibility of Self: An Essay on the Hmong Diaspora. Comparative
Anthropological Studies in Society, Cosmology and Politics, Volume 6. Berlin: Lit Verlag.
This important new
volume consists of an ethnographic reflection on Hmong society, history and culture. The work focuses on questions
of the self and the notion that a romantic self inspired the ethos of hedonism associated with the consumer economy.
The modern Hmong self is presented by the researcher as a prospective one, that is constructed in diaspora through
the utilization of the internet and other modes of modern communication in a movement towards a virtual future.
Chapters of the work focus on a variety of topics including: The Hmong as a Community, important non-Hmong figures
who have constructed Hmong identity to non-Hmong and Hmong (Father Savina, Samuel Pollard, Bernatzik, and Pop
Buell), Hmong origin stories, analysis of a Hmong Wedding Song, Hmong American visits to Hmong communities in
Southeast Asia, Hmong Kinship and the use of the internet and Hmong Romanticism in China. To learn more about
this new work please visit this webpage:

Ghia Xiong. (2010). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hmong Refugees: A Client’s Self-rating of
Helpfulness, Psy.D. Dissertation, Alliant International University, Fresno.
This graduate study examines
Hmong refugees perceptions of cognitive-behavioral therapy. The research was conducted at a non-profit
organization in Fresno.

Academic Journal Articles/Other

Jeremy P. Bakken and B. Bradford Brown. (2010). “Adolescent Secretive Behavior: African American and
Hmong Adolescents’ Strategies and Justifications for Managing Parents’ Knowledge about Peers.”
Journal of Research on Adolescence 20(2): 359-388.
This qualitative study examines African American and
Hmong adolescent autonomy seeking behaviors and parent-child communication about activities and relationships
with peers.

Dian L. Baker, Michelle T. Dang, May Ying Ly and Rafael Diaz. (2010). “Perception of Barriers to
Immunization Among Parents of Hmong Origin in California.” American Journal of Public Health 100)5): 839-
The authors of this research study explored factors associated with perceptions of barriers to immunization
among parents of Hmong origin in California.

Susan Meredith Burt. (2009). “Naming, Re-Naming and Self-Naming Among Hmong-Americans.” Names 57
(4): 236-245.
This article assesses Naming among Hmong Americans residing in Wisconsin. The researcher observes
that among Hmong, name changes may be made for both functional reasons (to protect an individual against ghosts,
spirits, or illness) and life status changes.

Jean Langford. (2009). “Gifts Intercepted: Biopolitics and Spirit Debt.” Cultural Anthropology 24(4): 681-
This study is based on research conducted with Lao, Khmer, Hmong and Kmhmu emigrants. The author argues
that the biopolitical protocol of hospitals and funeral homes negates the social existence of the dead in ways that
echo violations of the dead during wartime. The researcher posits that institutionalized violations of the dead in these
settings are informed not simply by the sciences of sanitation and death causation but also by latent theological
presumptions pertaining to matter and spirit that are largely Protestant in origin.

MyLou Y. Moua and Susie D. Lamborn. (2010). Hmong American Adolescents’ Perceptions of Ethnic
Socialization Practices.” Journal of Adolescent Research 25(3): 416-440.
This study explores ethnic
socialization practices from the perspectives of Hmong adolescents. The most frequently mentioned practices of
ethnic socialization mentioned by the researcher’s informants were participating in cultural events, sharing history,
preparing traditional foods, speaking the language, and wearing traditional clothes. Other practices mentioned were
the strengthening of family ties, marriage preparation, religious participation, an emphasis on ethnic pride and the
expression of high expectations.

Bic Ngo. (2010). “Doing ‘Diversity’ at Dynamic High: Problems and Possibilities of Multicultural Education
in Practice.” Education and Urban Society 42(4): 473-495.
This article assesses how students, teachers and staff
understand and address cultural difference at an urban, public high school with large populations of Hmong and Lao

Tracy A. Schroepfer, Angela Waltz, Hyunjin Noh, Jacqueline Matloub and Viluck Kue. (2010). “Seeking to
Bridge Two Cultures: The Wisconsin Hmong Cancer Experience.” Journal of Cancer Education. Published
Online: 19 March 2010.
In comparison to White non-Hispanics, Hmong report higher incidence of certain cancers
and present these cancers at an advanced stage. The authors of this study used a community-based participatory
research approach to partner with Hmong leaders to assess the Wisconsin Hmong population’s readiness to address

Elvin K. Wyly, Deborah G. Martin, Pablo Mendez and Steven R. Holloway. (2010). “Transnational Tense:
Immigration and Inequality in American Housing Markets.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 36(2):
In this study, the authors use a case study of the recent rise of home-ownership among Hmong immigrants
in St. Paul to assess the interrelations between immigration and the intensified mortgage capitalization of U.S. housing
markets. The authors situate their analysis within the broader literature pertaining to urban immigration and housing.


The Hmong Studies Journal has recently reached a non-exclusive agreement to be included in the Asia-Studies Full-
Text Online database. Asia-Studies Full-Text Online is the premiere database for the study of modern Asia Pacific. As
the exclusive licensee for many of the region's most prestigious research institutions, brings
together thousands of full-text reports covering 55 countries on a multitude of business, government, economic, and
social issues. More information about Asia-Studies Full-Text Online is available at the following link:

In addition to distribution through its own free, open access website, the Hmong Studies Journal also has existing
content sharing agreements with other major academic database providers include EBSCO, Gale/Cengage, ProQuest
and H.W.Wilson ensuring wide dissemination of the contents of the journal to scholarly audiences. The Hmong
Studies Journal has also recently become part of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ):  

The Hmong Studies Journal is a unique and established peer-reviewed Internet-based academic publication devoted
to the scholarly discussion of Hmong history, Hmong culture, Hmong people, and other facets of the Hmong
experience in the U.S., Asia and around the world. The Hmong Studies Journal has published 10 online volumes and
12 online issues since 1996. Over this time, the Hmong Studies Journal has established itself as the most
authoritative and widely cited scholarly journal devoted to academic studies related to the Hmong diaspora and
Hmong culture and history.


In December 2009, the Hmong Studies Journal published volume 10 on the internet. To read the press release and to
view the full-text of the scholarly articles, visit this link:


The Hmong Studies Journal has started a Facebook page and a Twitter feed. Updates about the journal and items of
interest pertaining to Hmong Studies research are posted on the Facebook and Twitter pages.

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Facebook page visit:

To view the Hmong Studies Journal Twitter feed visit:


Hmong American Research Panel at the Association for Asian American Studies Conference in Austin, TX,
April 9, 2010
The panel “Current Research on Hmong Americans and the Hmong Diaspora” was part of the Association for Asian
American Studies Conference which was held at the Omni hotel in Austin, TX on Friday, April 9, 2010. Visit this
webpage to learn more about the presentations that were part of this panel:  

Hmong Studies Research Group Meets at the Association for Asian Studies Conference in Philadelphia,
March 26, 2010
The 2nd annual meeting of the Hmong Studies Research Group was held at the Association for Asian Studies
Conference at the downtown Philadelphia Marriott in Philadelphia, PA on Friday, March 26, 2010. Participating in this
meeting were Supeena Insee Adler from UC-Riverside, Larry Ashmun from UW-Madison, Robert Entenmann from St.
Olaf College, Jean Michaud from Universite Laval, Mark Pfeifer of the Hmong Studies Journal and Texas A and M
University, Corpus Christi, Louisa Schein from Rutgers University, Harvey Somers, a retired foreign service officer,
Patricia Symonds of Brown University, Vinya Sysamouth from the Center for Lao Studies, Allen Thrasher from the
Library of Congress, Sara Turner from McGill University and Zoua Vang from the University of Pennsylvania/McGill

Research Group Organizing to Study the Educational Attainment of Hmong Male Youth
Ms. Zong Her (Ntxoo Hawj), a resident of Wisconsin, social researcher and graduate student in UW-Madison's
Educational Research and Policy Analysis program, is seeking to collaborate with fellow researchers who are
interested in the topic below.

The College Board recently published a study on the educational crisis facing young men of color.

As a research analyst and active community member, Ms. Her has seen and been alarmed by this trend in the Hmong
community. Please read the College Board study for detailed information.

Ms. Her's study is still in the early development & brainstorming phase and may be subject to change but she
envisions it to include the following preliminary objectives and research plan.

Study: "Hmong Young Men and The Trends in Their Educational Attainment."

Target Population: Hmong Young Men

A Two Phase Study

Phase One:
•        Review of  research that may have been already been done on this topic
•        Assessing educational trends in the Hmong community by examining available data for the last ten years:
potential sources - NCES data, DPI data (K-12), & Wisconsin Technical College System data, UW System data, 2010
Census data (and others based on the interest of the other researcher(s) in this study).
•        Examining and mining of data for trends and the formation of hypotheses on potential root causes.
•        Engagement in research in local Hmong communities to test hypotheses.

Phase Two:
•        An Examination of programs enacted in the larger community as solutions that may work to reverse or stabilize
•        Using best practices, the recommendation of programs that may work for the Hmong population to local
community members.
•        Meetings with community members to disseminate study results and recommendations.

Please note: This study is not intended to be purely academic in nature but is a search for practical solutions that may
help to reverse negative trends in Educational attainment observed in the community. It is research that may be used
to help foster Hmong men's educational attainment and through education raise their self-esteem, earning power and
contribution to the greater community that we all live in.

Please contact Ms. Zong Her if as a researcher, you observe the same trend in your community & want to be part of
the solution:

Timeline for actual study to begin: Fall 2011 or Spring 2012

Documentary Available about Hmong in Vietnam
Larry Ashmun of UW-Madison sends information about the documentary The Love Market about 4 Hmong girls
residing in Sapa, Vietnam. More information about this documentary is available at the website of Galloping Films:


In the Fall of 2009, the U.S. Census Bureau released detailed demographic info for the Hmong American
population across the United States from the 2008 American Community Survey. The detailed Hmong
American data may be viewed at this link:

Additional Information about how to access this dataset or other Hmong-related census data is available at this link:


Doing research on a Hmong Studies research topic? More than 30 Comprehensive and frequently updated online
subject bibliographies of Hmong Studies works are available at the following link:

A newly created 2007-Present research bibliography is updated every few weeks with information about the latest
research publications in Hmong Studies, online links to text are included where applicable:


Volumes 4-9 of the Hmong Studies Journal are now available for order in a physical, print format through Hmong ABC
Bookstore in Saint Paul.

For more info visit the following link:


A growing library of links to full-text research articles and other documents related to Hmong Studies and Southeast
Asian American Studies is available at the following link:


The Hmong Studies Internet Resource Center is partnering with Craig Rice to provide up-to-date content related to
community educational events, Hmong resources and Hmong Studies for the WWW Hmong Homepage. Craig Rice co-
founded the WWW Hmong Homepage in early 1994. The website was one of the first to provide substantive
educational resources related to Hmong-Americans and Hmong around the world. The WWW Hmong Homepage is
still one of the most heavily visited and linked resource portal websites related to the Hmong. To view the recently
revamped WWW Hmong Homepage and learn about news in Hmong Studies visit:


A moderated message board intended as a forum for information about existing and new
research resources in Hmong Studies is available at: