Hmong Studies Publications 1990-1995
Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD
Adler, Shelley R. (1995). "Refugee stress and folk belief: Hmong sudden deaths." Social Science and Medicine, 40
Alon-Mozes, Tal. (1995). Landscape of immigrants: the Hmong in Merced, Stockton and Sacramento . M.S. thesis,
University of California, Berkeley.
Barkan, Elliott R. (1995). Out of the Carnage and into the Crucible: Southeast Asian Refugee's Journey from Old
Worlds to a New One. Journal of American Ethnic History. 14(4): 53-57.
Bashinski, Bernadette Kathleen. (1995). The cultural responses of Hmong women during the perinatal period within
the western biomedical environment . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire.
Bosher, Susan Dandridge. (1995). Acculturation, ethnicity and second language acquisition: a study of Hmong
students at the post-secondary level . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota.
Buranasombati, Pises (1995). A Qualitative Study of Low Socioeconomic Status Students In A Predominantly High
Socioeconomic Status In Bangkok, Thailand (Bangkok Business College), PhD dissertation. Illinois State University.
Chippewa Valley Museum (1995). Hmong in America: refugees from a secret war: readings manual. Eau Claire, Wis.:
Chippewa Valley Museum.
Cole, Wendy. (1995). Strangers in a strange land. (Hmong children in Wausau, Wisconsin) Time Oct 9 1995 146(15):
Conboy, K. (1995). Shadow War: The CIA’s Secret War in Laos. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press.
Congdon, Kristin G. (1995). Interpreting Hmong Storycloths. in Lessons for Teaching Art Criticism. Barrett, Terry.;
Clark, Gilbert, Eds.
Duran, Edna. (1995). A descriptive study of the health-promoting behaviors of first-generation Hmong Americans
residing in a Midwestern city in the United States . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.
Fendya, Jennifer Anne. (1995). Being a Hmong woman in America: A phenomenological study of female Hmong
college students. Ph.D. dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno. (UMI order no. DA 960555)
Frye, Barbara A. (1995 Mar-Apr) Use of Cultural Themes in Promoting Health among Southeast Asian Refugees.
American Journal of Health Promotion. 9(4): 269-280.
Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). Stories from Laos: Folktales and Cultures of the Lao, Hmong, Khammu and Iu-Mien.
El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.
Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). The Story of Mah: A Hmong “Romeo and Juliet” Folktale. (Children’s Storybook). El
Monte, Ca: Pacific Asia Press.
Girouard, Laurice Annette. (1995). An exploratory study of resilience among Hmong refugees: a project based upon
an independent investigation . M.S. thesis, Smith College School for Social Work.
Hamilton, Merritt, J. (1995). “General Giap’s Laotian Nemesis.” Vietnam, June 1995, 27-32.
Hammond, Ruth E. (1995). Library use by the Hmong community: A report conducted for community libraries of the
Minneapolis Public library . Minneapolis: Minneapolis Public Library.
Hostetler, L. (1995). Chinese Ethnography in the 18th Century: Miao Albums of Guizhou Province. PhD Dissertation.
University of Pennsylvania.
Ireson, W. Randall (1995). Hmong Demographic Changes in Laos: Causes and Ecological Consequences.
SOJOURN. 10(2): 198-232.
Jaisser, Annie & Ratliff, Martha. (1995). Hmong for beginners . Berkeley: Centers for South and Southeast Asia
Studies, University of California at Berkeley. (text and audio cassette)
Jambunathan, J. & Stewart, S. (1995). Hmong women in Wisconsin: what are their concerns in pregnancy and
childbirth? Birth, 22(4):204 .
Jambunathan, Jaya. (1995). Hmong Cultural Practices and Beliefs. The Postpartum Period. Clinical Nursing
Research. 4(3): 335-345.
Jett, Anne D. (1995). The Hmong as News: A Case Study of How a Local Press Portrays a Socially Marginalized
Group. M.A. thesis, University of Minnesota.
Johns, Michael. (1995, October 23). Acts of betrayal. (persecution of Hmong). National Review, 47(20), 24-25.
Johnson, Sharon Kay. (1995). Diabetes in the Hmong refugee population . Ph.D dissertation, University of California,
Knight, M.G. (1995). Talking Walls. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.
Koltyk, Jo Ann (1995). New Pioneers In The Heartland: Hmong Life In Wisconsin (Refugees), PhD dissertation. The
University of Wisconsin – Madison
Leary, William M. (1995). The CIA and the 'secret war' in Laos: the battle for Skyline Ridge, 1971-1972. The Journal
of Military History 59(3): 505.
Lee, G.Y. (1995). "Culture and Adaptation: Hmong Refugees in Australia 1976-83." Paper reprinted at www.hmongnet.
org/hmong-au/ website. 8 p.
Lee, K. (1995). The Owl and Ms. Wren. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folktale). Chico, CA: NKL Multicultural
Toupheng Chongneng Lee. (1995). A Polemic in Defense of Hmong Veterans. MA Thesis, Hamline University.
Lindell, Pamela Nanci. (1995). The Hmong of Eureka: a study of medical plurism and social conflict . M.A. thesis,
University of Nevada, Reno.
Liu, Theresa Pao-Chin (1995). Relationships Of Acculturation To The Academic Achievements And School
Adjustment Of Hmong-American Youths, PhD dissertation. Marquette University.
Lucke, Joyce Joanna. (1995). We all agree: a study of cultural consensus in a Hmong community . Ph.D., University
Lynch, Annette, Detzner, Daniel F. & Eicher, Joanne. (1995). “Hmong American New Year rituals: generational bonds
through dress.” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal , 13(2), 111-120.
Michaud, Jean (1995). Resistance Et Flexibilite: Le Changement Social Et Le Tourisme Dans Un Village Hmong De
Thailande (French Text, Tourism, Hmong, Thailand, Social Change), PhD dissertation. University De Montreal
Moua, H.T. (1995). “Hmong Guerillas on the Run.” Vietnam, June 1995, 34-41.
Moua, Seng Alex. (1995). Hmong students in San Diego: contributing factors in the decision of whether or not to
pursue college . M.S.W. thesis, San Diego State University, 1995.
Moua, Wangchue Dang. (1995). Analysis of selected factors related to dietary intake patterns of Southeast Asian
Hmong refugees in West Central Wisconsin . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.
Mouanoutoua, V.L. and L.G. Brown. (1995). “Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Hmong Version: A Screening Instrument
for Psychological Distress.” Journal of Personality Assessment 64 (April 1995): 376-383.
Neira, John E. (1995). Acculturation of Hmong students: how they feel about life in the United States and their school
guidance counselors. M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.
Oveson, J. (1995). A Minority Enters the Nation State: A Case Study of a Hmong Community in Vientiane Province,
Laos. Uppsala, Sweden: Department of Cultural Anthropology, Uppsala University.
Parker, J.E. (1995). Codename Mule: Fighting the Secret War in Laos for the CIA. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute
Parker, J.E. (1995). Covert Ops: The CIA’s Secret War in Laos. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Patch, Janis Hicks. (1995). Discourse patterns and practices of the Hmong acquiring literacy in Midville, California. Ph.
D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
People's Network of Minnesota. (1995). Home ownership survey for the Hmong community. St. Paul, MN: Peoples
Network of Minnesota.
Pfaff, Tim. (1995). Hmong in America: Journey from a Secret War. Eau Claire, Wis.: Chippewa Valley Museum Press.
Pfister, M. (1995). Rainbow Fish to the Rescue. Union City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.
Pises Buranasombati (1995). A qualitative study of low socio-economic status students in a predominantly high socio-
economic status college in Bangkok, Thailand. Ph.D. thesis, Illinois State University.
Rice, P.L. (1995). "Pog Laus, Tsis Coj Khaub Ncaws Lawm: The Menopause in Hmong Women." Journal of
Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Special Issue on the Menopause, 13, 79-92. Reprinted at www.hmongnet.
org/hmong-au/ website. 15 p.
Sagart, L. (1995). “Chinese Buy-And-Sell and the Direction of Borrowings Between Chinese and Hmong-Mien – A
Response to Haudricourt and Strecker.” Toung Pao. 81(4-5): 328-342.
Shea, P.G. (1995). The Whispering Cloth. (Children’s Storybook with a Hmong Character). Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mill
Quincy, Keith. (1995). Hmong: History of a people . 2nd ed. Cheney, Wash.: Eastern Washington University.
Ranard, Donald A.; Pfleger, Margo (editors). (1995). From the Classroom to the Community: A Fifteen-Year
Experiment in Refugee Education. (Language in Education: Theory and Practice 86.)136 pp.
Rice, Pranee Liamputtong (1995). Pog laus, tsis coj khaub ncaws lawn: The Meaning of Menopause in Hmong
Women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 13(2): 79-92.
Rumbaut, Ruben G. (1995). Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian Americans. in Asian Americans. Contemporary
Trends and Issues. Sage Focus Editions, Volume 174. Min, Pyong Gap. Ed.
Tafarrodi, Zahra Niccu. (1995). AIDS education for Hmong teenagers. Ph.D. thesis, University of Minnesota.
Thao, H. (1995). Hmong Music in Vietnam. Special Issue of Nhac Viet, the Journal of Vietnamese Music, Volume 4,
Number 2, Fall 1995.
Thompson, Mark C. (1995). What is the impact of Hmong native language reading/writing instruction and Hmong-
English and English-Hmong translation tasks on English target language vocabulary? Masters thesis, Hamline
Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves; Dewey, Kathryn G. (1995). Impact of a breastfeeding promotion program for Hmong women
at selected WIC sites in northern California. Journal of Nutrition Education. 27(2): 69+.
Xiv, C.Y. (1995). "A Dedication to Touby Lyfoung: The Hmong's First Cabinet Member of the Laotian Government."
Paper reprinted at www.hmong.com website. 5 p.
Vakil-Kapoor, Veena (1995). Effects of gender and culture on the educational experience of Southeast Asian women
in Fresno City College (California), EdD dissertation. University of San Francisco.
Vang, Lue. (1995). A cultural interpretation of Thai Hmong: beliefs, traditions and values about education and
leadership . Ed.D., University of San Francisco.
Vang, Teng Z. (1995). Hmong Business Development in the Twin Cities, Minnesota. M.A. Thesis, Minnesota State
Walker-Moffat, Wendy. (1995). The other side of the Asian American success story . 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-
Wausau Area Hmong Mutual Assistance Association (1995). English-Hmong Anatomy and Medical Phrase Book.
Wausau, WI: Wausau Area Hmong Mutual Assistance Association.
Warner, R. (1995). The CIA’s Secret War in Laos and Its Link to the War in Vietnam. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Westermeyer, Joseph, Schaberg, Linda & Nugent, Sean. (1995). Anxiety symptoms in Hmong refugees 1.5 years
after migration. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 183(5): 342-344.
Wilson, Karen S. Harper. (1995). In Hmong Mountain: See Lee's Oral Narrative as History and Poetry. M.A. thesis,
California State University, Long Beach.
Wu, Christine (1995). The Efficacy Of A Behavioral Technique In The Treatment Of Noncompliance With An Asian
Child And His Parent, PSYD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno
Yang, Kou. (1995). The Hmong in Fresno: a study of Hmong welfare participation and self-sufficiency. Ed.D.
dissertation, University of California, Davis.
Yaj, N., Lee, T., Yaj, K., and S.K. Yaj. (1995). Introduction to Hmong History and Culture. Minneapolis, MN:
Minneapolis Public Schools Collaborative Services Dept.
Yang, K.Y. (1995). "The Hmong in French Guyana." Paper reprinted at www.hmong.com website. 4 p.
Adler, S.R. (1994). “Ethnomedical Pathogenesis and Hmong Immigrants’ Sudden Nocturnal Deaths.” Culture,
Medicine and Psychiatry 18: 23-59.
Ahrens, L. (1994). “Traditional Health Care Practices of the Hmong.” M.A. Thesis, UW-Oshkosh.
Baker, Sherry. (1994). Making meaning of the Hmong: a qualitative case study of community discourse in the
construction of public opinion . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Utah.
Bao, X. (1994). “The Guzong Festival: Ancestral Sacrifice Among the Miao.” China Tourism, December 1994, 74-75.
Bays, Sharon Arlene. (1994). Cultural politics and identity formation in a San Joaquin Valley Hmong community . Ph.
D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
Beck, R. (1994). "The Ordeal of Immigration in Wausau." Atlantic Monthly, April 1994, 84+
Beniek, Brenda M. (1994). “From Sib Tham to Mediation: The Shaping of a Modus Vivendi.” Hamline Journal of Public
Law and Policy. 16(1): 459-503.
Bouapao, Lytou (1994). Perspective D’un Development Rural Durable: Le Cas Des Hmongs Du Laos (French Text),
MSC dissertation. Universite De Sherbrooke (Canada).
Cao, N. (1994). The Textiles of Miao Women as a Source of Inspiration for Contemporary Textile Design and
Production. MA Thesis, University of Alberta (Canada).
Capps, Lisa L. (1994). Change and continuity in the medical culture of the Hmong in Kansas City. Medical
Anthropology Quarterly (New Series) , 8(2), 161-177.
Cha, Dia & Small, Cathy A. (1994). Policy lessons from Lao and Hmong women in Thai refugee camps. World
Development , 22(7), 1045-1059.
Chan, Sucheng (Editor) (1994). Hmong means free: life in Laos and America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Chan, Sucheng. (1994). "Hmong Life Stories." In New Visions in Asian American Studies: Diversity, Community,
Power, edited by Franklin Ng, and Others. 43-62. Pullman: Washington State University Press.
Chang, M. (1994). The Mouse Bride. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Chang, M. (1994). The Story of the Chinese Zodiac. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Union City, CA:
Pan Asian Publications.
Collignon, Francine Filipek. (1994). From 'Paj Ntaub' to paragraphs: perspectives on Hmong processes of
composing. In Vera John-Steiner, Carolyn P. Panofsky, Larry W. Smith, (Eds.), Sociocultural approaches to language
and literacy: an interactionist perspective (pp.331-346). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Donnelly, Nancy D. (1994). Changing lives of refugee Hmong women . Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Ensign, John. (1994). Traditional healing in the Hmong refugee community of the California Central Valley . Ph.D.,
California School of Professional Psychology.
Falk, C. (1994). "The Hmong in Australia." Paper reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/website. 5 p.
Findlay, M.S. (1994). “Structure and Process in Speech Subcommunities of Hmong Students at a Northern California
High School. Linguistics and Education 6: 245-260.
Foley, S. (1994). Parental Care Practices of the Hmong Refugees. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Funke, W.H. (1994). An Exploratory Study of American Hmong and Mien Perceptions and Preferences for Recreation.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.
Gilanshah, Farah (1994). The Effects of Immigration on Hmong Women in La Crosse Wisconsin. In Ethnic Women: a
Multiple Status Reality, Demos, Vasilikie, & Segal, Marcia Texler eds, Dix Hills, NY: General Hall, Inc., 95-103.
Graber-Wilson, G. (1994). The Farmer’s Son and the Gourd (Hmong Folktale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.
Hagemeister, A.K. (1994). Gender in Hmong Families: Voices From Two Generations. Master’s Thesis, University of
Hall, S. (1994). “Dispute Settlement Procedures Among the Hmong: Melody and Improvisation. Master’s Synthesis
Project, Hamline University.
Hutchinson, R. and M. McNall (1994). “Early Marriage in a Hmong Cohort.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 56
(August 1994): 579-590.
Jenks, R.D. (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder in Guizhou: The Miao ‘Rebellion’, 1854-1873. Honolulu: University
of Hawaii Press.
Kang, H.W., Kuehn, P. and A. Herrell. (1994). “The Hmong Literacy Project: A Study of Hmong Classroom Behavior.”
Bilingual Research Journal 18(3 & 4): 63-83.
Haddad A. and K. Brown. (1994). “Ethics in Action: A Young Hmong Man with Inoperable Liver Cancer.” RN 57 (July
Hao, K.T. (1994). Dance, Mice, Dance! (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.
Hao, K.T. (1994). The Emperor and the Nightingale. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Hao, K.T. (1994). The Giant and the Spring. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Hao, K.T. (1994). Seven Magic Brothers. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Taipai, Taiwan: Yuan-Liou Publishing.
Hee-Won Kang, Phyllis Kuehn and Adrienne Herrell. (1994). The Hmong Literacy Project: a study of Hmong
classroom behavior. Bilingual Research Journal. 18(3-4): 63+.
Hein, Jeremy. (1994). From migrant to minority: Hmong refugees and the social construction of identity in the United
States. Sociological Inquiry, 64(3), 281-306.
Hmong Youth Culture Awareness Project. (1994). A Free People: Our Voices, Our Stories, Our Dreams. Minneapolis,
MN: The Hmong Youth Culture Awareness Project.
Hutchinson, R. and C. Kraft. (1994). “Hmong Fishing Activity and Fish Consumption.” Journal of Great Lakes
Jenks, R.D. (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder: The ‘Miao’ Rebellion, 1854-1873. Honolulu, HI: University of
Kang, H.W., Kuehn, P. and A. Herrell. (1994). “The Hmong Literacy Project: A Study of Hmong Classroom Behavior.”
Bilingual Research Journal 18 (Summer 1994): 63-83.
Lamb, J.A. (1994). Health-Related Fitness in Hmong Youth, Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.
Lee, Serge Chia. (1994). Stress, social support systems, and psychosocial well-being of Hmong refugee adults. Ph.D.
thesis, University of Washtington.
Lucas, A. (1994). How the Farmer Tricked the Evil Demon. (Children’s Storybook in both Hmong and English).
Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.
Mathews, P. (1994). Farmer Boy. (Children’s Storybook in Both Hmong and English). Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.
Mazzoni, D.M. (1994). Academic Performance and Locus of Control Among Hmong Refugee and East Indian
Immigrant Families. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno.
McNall, Miles, Dunnigan, Timothy & Mortimer, Jeylan T. (1994). The educational achievement of the St. Paul Hmong.
Anthropology and Education Quarterly , 25(1), 44-65.
Miyares. Ines Maria. (1994). Ethnic enclave formation and function: a study of Hmong refugees in the United States .
Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State University.
Moua, Tou Yer. (1994). Hmong values and political leadership as perceived by the U.S. Hmongs . Ph.D. dissertation,
United States International University.
Mowry, Donald D. (1994). Mentoring the Hmong: a practice outlet for teaching faculty and a possible community
development tool. Journal of Community Practice , 1(1), 107-112.
Pump House Regional Center for the Arts. (1994). Hmong Lives: From Laos to La Crosse: Stories of Eight Hmong
Elders. La Crosse, WI: Pump House Regional Center for the Arts.
Prior. S. (1994). The Significance of Gardening on the Psychological Adjustment of the Hmong Elderly. Master’s
Thesis, San Diego State University.
Reimer, C. (1994). “God is More Powerful.” The Mennonite, 27 December 1994, 6-7. (Profile of Pastor of Hmong
Renard, Ronald D. (1994). The monk, the Hmong, the forest, the cabbage, fire and water: incongruities in northern
Thailand opium replacement. Law & Society Review. 28(3):657-664.
Rettig, Perry Richard (1994). Minority Teacher Preparation In An Ex-Urban Setting: The Utop Case Study, PHD
dissertation. Marquette University.
Rice, P.L. (1994). "When I had my Baby Here!" In Rice, P.L., (ed.) Asian Mothers, Australian Birth - Pregnancy,
Childbirth, and Childrearing: The Asian Experience in an English Speaking Country. Melbourne: Ausmed Publication.
Reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/ website. 15 p.
Rice, P.L., Ly, B. and Lumley, J. (1994). “Childbirth and Soul Loss: The Case of a Hmong Woman.” The Medical
Journal of Australia 160 (2 May 1994): 577-578.
Rice, P.L, Ly, B., and Lumley, J. (1994). "Soul Loss Following a Caesarean Operation." Medical Journal of Australia,
160, 577-578. Reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/ website. 5 p.
Rolland, Barbara J. & Moua, Houa Vue. (1994). Trail through the mists . Eau Claire, Wis.: Eagles Printing Co.
Sarver, S. (1994). “Blue Hmong Women and Batik and Dancing in the Hog Trough.” Master’s Thesis, Utah State
Schuter, R. (1994). “The Hmong of Laos: Orality, Communication, and Acculturation.” In Intercultural Communication:
A Reader. Edited by L.A. Samovar and R.E. Porter, 213-219. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Thao, P. (1994). Mong Resettlement in the Chicago Area (1978-1987): Educational Implications. PhD Dissertation,
Loyola University of Chicago.
Timm, Joan Thrower. (1994). Hmong values and American education. Equity and Excellence in Education , 27(2), 36-
Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Ant and the Elephant. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.
Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Hmong People and the Turtle. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.
Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Orphan and the Rich Boy. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.
Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Stepmother and the Three Children. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.
Trueba, H.T. and Y. Zou. (1994). Power in Education: The Case of Miao University Students and Its Significance for
American Culture. Washington D.C.: Falmer Press.
U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcomittee on Asia and the Pacific. Indochinese Refugees: Hearing
Before the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives.
103rd Congress, 2nd Session, 26 April 1994.
Xiong, T. (1994). Changes in the Hmong Traditional Naming System: A Pilot Study. Master’s Thesis, University of
Vang, Blong Ngaloo. (1994). Causes of depression within the Minnesota Hmong community. M.S. thesis, University of
Vang, M.M. (1994). Hmong Mothers and Daughters: Cultural Adjustment and Conflict. Master’s Thesis, California
State University, Stanislaus.
Walter, P. (1994). “An Assessment of the Educational Needs of Hmong Adults: Implications for Program Development
in ABE.” Adult Basic Education 4 (Spring 1994): 35-49.
Weinstein-Shr, G. (1994). “From Mountaintops to City Streets: Literacy in Philadelphia’s Hmong Community.” In
Literacy Across Communities, ed. by B.J. Moss, 49-83. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
White, Emma Tao (1994). Criterion validity and sensitivity of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory with refugee
adolescents. Ph.D. thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno.
Winland, Daphne N. (1994). Christianity and community: conversion and adaptation among Hmong refugee women.
Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers canadiens de sociologie . 19(1), 21-45.
Young, Karen Jean (1994). Hmong Test-Taking Strategies: A Comparison With Test-Taking Strategies Of Students
Speaking English Only, Ma dissertation. California State University – Fresno.
Anderson, E.F. (1993). Plants and People of the Golden Triangle: Ethnobotany of the Hill Tribes of Northern
Thailand. Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press.
Bisang, W. (1993). “Classifiers, Quantifiers, and Class Nouns in Hmong.” Studies in Language 17, no. 1: 1-51.
Bliatout, B. (1993). “Hmong Death Customs: Traditional and Acculturated.” In Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and
Grief: Diversity in Universality, edited by D.K. Irish, K.F. Lundquist, and V.J. Nelsen, 79-100. Washington D.C.: Taylor
and Francis, 1993.
Butcher-Younghans, S. “Forging a Partnership: The Hmong and the Science Museum of Minnesota.” Curator 36
(September 1993): 169-173.
Castle, T. (1993). At War in the Shadow of Vietnam: U.S. Military Aid to the Royal Lao Government 1955-1975. New
York: Columbia University Press.
Chang, K. and S. Pinkel. (1993). Kou Chang’s Story: The Journey of a Laotian Hmong Refugee Family. Rochester,
NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press.
Chanson, P. (1993). “Father Yves Bertrais, An Essential Figure in the History of Hmong Christianity: Tribute in the
Form of a Travel Story.” Translated by J.L.C. Steenbrink. Exchange: Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical
Research 22 (April 1993) 1-17.
Dana, A.F. (1993). Courtship and Marriage Traditions of the Hmong. Master's Thesis, California State University,
Danes, S.M. (1993). "Middle-Generation Hmong Couple Decision Making Patterns." In Cross Cultural Approaches to
Home Management, edited by R.V. Schweitzer, 307-331. Frankfurt am Main: Boulder, CO: Campus Verlag; Westview
Dao, Y. (1993). Hmong at the Turning Point. Minneapolis, MN: World Bridge Associates Ltd.
Davidson, Jack (1993). Hmong Ethnohistory: An Historical Study Of Hmong Culture And Its Implications For Ministry
(Laotian), Dmiss dissertation. Fuller Theological Seminary, School Of World Mission.
Davis, E. (1993). Effective Hmong Parent Involvement Program. Master’s Thesis, Hamline University.
Diamond, N. (1993). “Ethnicity and the State: The Hua Miao of Southwest China.” In Ethnicity and the State, edited by
J.D. Toland, 55-78. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Duchon, D. (1993). Home is Where You Make It: Hmong Refugees in Georgia. Master’s Thesis, Georgia State
Dufresne, J. (1993). "Mainstreaming LEP Students: The Case of the Hmong." MinneTESOL Journal 11: 95-122.
Dunnigan, T., McNall, M., & J.T. Mortimer. (1993). “The Problem of Metaphorical Nonequivalence in Cross-Cultural
Survey Research: Comparing the Mental Health Statuses of Hmong Refugee and General Population Adolescents.”
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 24(3): 344-365.
Feng, P.Z. (1993). Hmong-Chinese Dictionary. Publisher Not Available.
Friesen, P.M. (1993). Hmong Infant Feeding Practices: A Mini Ethnonursing Study. Master’s Thesis, College of St.
Catherines, St. Paul, MN.
Greene, William Lewis (1993). Identifying Cultural Values With Story Completions: Comparing The Narratives Of
Hmong And American Children, MA dissertation. California State University – Fresno.
Hamilton-Merritt, J. and A. Hemingway.(1993). “The Killing Fields of Laos.” Vietnam, December 1992, 46-53.
Hammond, G.K. (1993). Hmong Refugees: Implicating Factors for Adult Education in Cultural Assimilation in American
Society. PhD Dissertation, Kansas State University.
Helsel, Deborah Gail (1993). ‘Here There Is Much More And Much Less’: Hmong-American Families, Culture And
Childbearing In The ‘Land Of The Giants’, PhD dissertation. University of California - San Francisco.
Helzer, J.J. (1993). Maintenance of Ethnic Identity: Hmong and Mien Settlement and Survival in Northern California.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.
Herman, L.E. (1993). “Training Hmong Leaders of Powderhorn Park Baptist Church to Deal with Spirit Oppression.”
Master’s Thesis, Moody Bible Institute.
Holbrook, D. (1993). The Relationship of Parental Expectations and Acculturation on Hmong Elementary Student’s
Achievement. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.
Human Relations Area Files (1993). North American Hmong (microform). New Haven: Human Relations Area Files,
Gibeau, D. (1993). “Hmong Mass in Gothic Church.” National Catholic Reporter, 10 December 1993, 19.
Glastris, K. (1993). “The Brave New World of the Hmong.” U.S. News and World Report, 4 October 1993, 49.
Greene, W.L. (1993). Identifying Cultural Values with Story Completions: Comparing the Narratives of Hmong and
American Children. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno.
Hmong American Partnership. (1993). Hmong in the 90s’: Stepping Toward the Future. St. Paul, MN: Hmong
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California State University, Fresno.
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