Hmong Studies Publications 1990-1995  


Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD                    

1995

Adler, Shelley R. (1995). "Refugee stress and folk belief: Hmong sudden deaths." Social Science and Medicine, 40
(12), 1623-1629.

Alon-Mozes, Tal. (1995). Landscape of immigrants: the Hmong in Merced, Stockton and Sacramento . M.S. thesis,
University of California, Berkeley.

Barkan, Elliott R. (1995). Out of the Carnage and into the Crucible: Southeast Asian Refugee's Journey from Old
Worlds to a New One. Journal of American Ethnic History. 14(4): 53-57.

Bashinski, Bernadette Kathleen. (1995). The cultural responses of Hmong women during the perinatal period within
the western biomedical environment . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire.

Bosher, Susan Dandridge. (1995). Acculturation, ethnicity and second language acquisition: a study of Hmong
students at the post-secondary level . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Buranasombati, Pises (1995). A Qualitative Study of Low Socioeconomic Status Students In A Predominantly High
Socioeconomic Status In Bangkok, Thailand (Bangkok Business College), PhD dissertation. Illinois State University.

Chippewa Valley Museum (1995). Hmong in America: refugees from a secret war: readings manual. Eau Claire, Wis.:
Chippewa Valley Museum.

Cole, Wendy. (1995). Strangers in a strange land. (Hmong children in Wausau, Wisconsin) Time Oct 9 1995 146(15):
50.

Conboy, K. (1995). Shadow War: The CIA’s Secret War in Laos. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press.

Congdon, Kristin G. (1995). Interpreting Hmong Storycloths. in Lessons for Teaching Art Criticism. Barrett, Terry.;
Clark, Gilbert, Eds.

Duran, Edna. (1995). A descriptive study of the health-promoting behaviors of first-generation Hmong Americans
residing in a Midwestern city in the United States . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Fendya, Jennifer Anne. (1995). Being a Hmong woman in America: A phenomenological study of female Hmong
college students. Ph.D. dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno. (UMI order no. DA 960555)

Frye, Barbara A. (1995 Mar-Apr) Use of Cultural Themes in Promoting Health among Southeast Asian Refugees.
American Journal of Health Promotion. 9(4): 269-280.

Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). Stories from Laos: Folktales and Cultures of the Lao, Hmong, Khammu and Iu-Mien.
El Monte, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Giacchino-Baker, R. ed. (1995). The Story of Mah: A Hmong “Romeo and Juliet” Folktale. (Children’s Storybook). El
Monte, Ca: Pacific Asia Press.

Girouard, Laurice Annette. (1995). An exploratory study of resilience among Hmong refugees: a project based upon
an independent investigation . M.S. thesis, Smith College School for Social Work.

Hamilton, Merritt, J. (1995). “General Giap’s Laotian Nemesis.” Vietnam, June 1995, 27-32.

Hammond, Ruth E. (1995). Library use by the Hmong community: A report conducted for community libraries of the
Minneapolis Public library . Minneapolis: Minneapolis Public Library.

Hostetler, L. (1995). Chinese Ethnography in the 18th Century: Miao Albums of Guizhou Province. PhD Dissertation.
University of Pennsylvania.

Ireson, W. Randall (1995). Hmong Demographic Changes in Laos: Causes and Ecological Consequences.
SOJOURN. 10(2): 198-232.

Jaisser, Annie & Ratliff, Martha. (1995). Hmong for beginners . Berkeley: Centers for South and Southeast Asia
Studies, University of California at Berkeley. (text and audio cassette)

Jambunathan, J. & Stewart, S. (1995). Hmong women in Wisconsin: what are their concerns in pregnancy and
childbirth? Birth, 22(4):204 .

Jambunathan, Jaya. (1995). Hmong Cultural Practices and Beliefs. The Postpartum Period. Clinical Nursing
Research. 4(3): 335-345.

Jett, Anne D. (1995). The Hmong as News: A Case Study of How a Local Press Portrays a Socially Marginalized
Group. M.A. thesis, University of Minnesota.

Johns, Michael. (1995, October 23). Acts of betrayal. (persecution of Hmong). National Review, 47(20), 24-25.

Johnson, Sharon Kay. (1995). Diabetes in the Hmong refugee population . Ph.D dissertation, University of California,
San Francisco.

Knight, M.G. (1995). Talking Walls. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Koltyk, Jo Ann (1995). New Pioneers In The Heartland: Hmong Life In Wisconsin (Refugees), PhD dissertation. The
University of Wisconsin – Madison

Leary, William M. (1995). The CIA and the 'secret war' in Laos: the battle for Skyline Ridge, 1971-1972. The Journal
of Military History 59(3): 505.

Lee, G.Y. (1995). "Culture and Adaptation: Hmong Refugees in Australia 1976-83." Paper reprinted at www.hmongnet.
org/hmong-au/ website. 8 p.

Lee, K. (1995). The Owl and Ms. Wren. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folktale). Chico, CA: NKL Multicultural
Education Company.

Toupheng Chongneng Lee. (1995). A Polemic in Defense of Hmong Veterans. MA Thesis, Hamline University.

Lindell, Pamela Nanci. (1995). The Hmong of Eureka: a study of medical plurism and social conflict . M.A. thesis,
University of Nevada, Reno.

Liu, Theresa Pao-Chin (1995). Relationships Of Acculturation To The Academic Achievements And School
Adjustment Of Hmong-American Youths, PhD dissertation. Marquette University.

Lucke, Joyce Joanna. (1995). We all agree: a study of cultural consensus in a Hmong community . Ph.D., University
of Wisconsin.

Lynch, Annette, Detzner, Daniel F. & Eicher, Joanne. (1995). “Hmong American New Year rituals: generational bonds
through dress.” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal , 13(2), 111-120.

Michaud, Jean (1995). Resistance Et Flexibilite: Le Changement Social Et Le Tourisme Dans Un Village Hmong De
Thailande (French Text, Tourism, Hmong, Thailand, Social Change), PhD dissertation. University De Montreal
(Canada).

Moua, H.T. (1995). “Hmong Guerillas on the Run.” Vietnam, June 1995, 34-41.

Moua, Seng Alex. (1995). Hmong students in San Diego: contributing factors in the decision of whether or not to
pursue college . M.S.W. thesis, San Diego State University, 1995.

Moua, Wangchue Dang. (1995). Analysis of selected factors related to dietary intake patterns of Southeast Asian
Hmong refugees in West Central Wisconsin . M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.

Mouanoutoua, V.L. and L.G. Brown. (1995). “Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Hmong Version: A Screening Instrument
for Psychological Distress.” Journal of Personality Assessment 64 (April 1995): 376-383.

Neira, John E. (1995). Acculturation of Hmong students: how they feel about life in the United States and their school
guidance counselors. M.S. thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stout.

Oveson, J. (1995). A Minority Enters the Nation State: A Case Study of a Hmong Community in Vientiane Province,
Laos. Uppsala, Sweden: Department of Cultural Anthropology, Uppsala University.

Parker, J.E. (1995). Codename Mule: Fighting the Secret War in Laos for the CIA. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute
Press.

Parker, J.E. (1995). Covert Ops: The CIA’s Secret War in Laos. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Patch, Janis Hicks. (1995). Discourse patterns and practices of the Hmong acquiring literacy in Midville, California. Ph.
D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.

People's Network of Minnesota. (1995). Home ownership survey for the Hmong community. St. Paul, MN: Peoples
Network of Minnesota.

Pfaff, Tim. (1995). Hmong in America: Journey from a Secret War. Eau Claire, Wis.: Chippewa Valley Museum Press.

Pfister, M. (1995). Rainbow Fish to the Rescue. Union City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.

Pises Buranasombati (1995). A qualitative study of low socio-economic status students in a predominantly high socio-
economic status college in Bangkok, Thailand. Ph.D. thesis, Illinois State University.

Rice, P.L. (1995). "Pog Laus, Tsis Coj Khaub Ncaws Lawm: The Menopause in Hmong Women." Journal of
Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Special Issue on the Menopause, 13, 79-92. Reprinted at www.hmongnet.
org/hmong-au/ website. 15 p.

Sagart, L. (1995). “Chinese Buy-And-Sell and the Direction of Borrowings Between Chinese and Hmong-Mien – A
Response to Haudricourt and Strecker.” Toung Pao. 81(4-5): 328-342.

Shea, P.G. (1995). The Whispering Cloth. (Children’s Storybook with a Hmong Character). Honesdale, PA: Boyds Mill
Press.

Quincy, Keith. (1995). Hmong: History of a people . 2nd ed. Cheney, Wash.: Eastern Washington University.

Ranard, Donald A.; Pfleger, Margo (editors). (1995). From the Classroom to the Community: A Fifteen-Year
Experiment in Refugee Education. (Language in Education: Theory and Practice 86.)136 pp.

Rice, Pranee Liamputtong (1995). Pog laus, tsis coj khaub ncaws lawn: The Meaning of Menopause in Hmong
Women. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 13(2): 79-92.

Rumbaut, Ruben G. (1995). Vietnamese, Laotian, and Cambodian Americans. in Asian Americans. Contemporary
Trends and Issues. Sage Focus Editions, Volume 174. Min, Pyong Gap. Ed.

Tafarrodi, Zahra Niccu. (1995). AIDS education for Hmong teenagers. Ph.D. thesis, University of Minnesota.

Thao, H. (1995). Hmong Music in Vietnam. Special Issue of Nhac Viet, the Journal of Vietnamese Music, Volume 4,
Number 2, Fall 1995.

Thompson, Mark C. (1995). What is the impact of Hmong native language reading/writing instruction and Hmong-
English and English-Hmong translation tasks on English target language vocabulary? Masters thesis, Hamline
University.

Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves; Dewey, Kathryn G. (1995). Impact of a breastfeeding promotion program for Hmong women
at selected WIC sites in northern California. Journal of Nutrition Education. 27(2): 69+.

Xiv, C.Y. (1995). "A Dedication to Touby Lyfoung: The Hmong's First Cabinet Member of the Laotian Government."
Paper reprinted at www.hmong.com website. 5 p.

Vakil-Kapoor, Veena (1995). Effects of gender and culture on the educational experience of Southeast Asian women
in Fresno City College (California), EdD dissertation. University of San Francisco.

Vang, Lue. (1995). A cultural interpretation of Thai Hmong: beliefs, traditions and values about education and
leadership . Ed.D., University of San Francisco.

Vang, Teng Z. (1995). Hmong Business Development in the Twin Cities, Minnesota. M.A. Thesis, Minnesota State
University, Mankato.

Walker-Moffat, Wendy. (1995). The other side of the Asian American success story . 1st ed. San Francisco: Jossey-
Bass.

Wausau Area Hmong Mutual Assistance Association (1995). English-Hmong Anatomy and Medical Phrase Book.
Wausau, WI: Wausau Area Hmong Mutual Assistance Association.

Warner, R. (1995). The CIA’s Secret War in Laos and Its Link to the War in Vietnam. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Westermeyer, Joseph, Schaberg, Linda & Nugent, Sean. (1995). Anxiety symptoms in Hmong refugees 1.5 years
after migration. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 183(5): 342-344.

Wilson, Karen S. Harper. (1995). In Hmong Mountain: See Lee's Oral Narrative as History and Poetry. M.A. thesis,
California State University, Long Beach.

Wu, Christine (1995). The Efficacy Of A Behavioral Technique In The Treatment Of Noncompliance With An Asian
Child And His Parent, PSYD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno

Yang, Kou. (1995). The Hmong in Fresno: a study of Hmong welfare participation and self-sufficiency. Ed.D.
dissertation, University of California, Davis.

Yaj, N., Lee, T., Yaj, K., and S.K. Yaj. (1995). Introduction to Hmong History and Culture. Minneapolis, MN:
Minneapolis Public Schools Collaborative Services Dept.

Yang, K.Y. (1995). "The Hmong in French Guyana." Paper reprinted at www.hmong.com website. 4 p.

1994

Adler, S.R. (1994). “Ethnomedical Pathogenesis and Hmong Immigrants’ Sudden Nocturnal Deaths.” Culture,
Medicine and Psychiatry 18: 23-59.

Ahrens, L. (1994). “Traditional Health Care Practices of the Hmong.” M.A. Thesis, UW-Oshkosh.

Baker, Sherry. (1994). Making meaning of the Hmong: a qualitative case study of community discourse in the
construction of public opinion . Ph.D. dissertation, University of Utah.

Bao, X. (1994). “The Guzong Festival: Ancestral Sacrifice Among the Miao.” China Tourism, December 1994, 74-75.

Bays, Sharon Arlene. (1994). Cultural politics and identity formation in a San Joaquin Valley Hmong community . Ph.
D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.

Beck, R. (1994). "The Ordeal of Immigration in Wausau." Atlantic Monthly, April 1994, 84+

Beniek, Brenda M. (1994). “From Sib Tham to Mediation: The Shaping of a Modus Vivendi.” Hamline Journal of Public
Law and Policy. 16(1): 459-503.

Bouapao, Lytou (1994). Perspective D’un Development Rural Durable: Le Cas Des Hmongs Du Laos (French Text),
MSC dissertation. Universite De Sherbrooke (Canada).

Cao, N. (1994). The Textiles of Miao Women as a Source of Inspiration for Contemporary Textile Design and
Production. MA Thesis, University of Alberta (Canada).

Capps, Lisa L. (1994). Change and continuity in the medical culture of the Hmong in Kansas City. Medical
Anthropology Quarterly (New Series) , 8(2), 161-177.

Cha, Dia & Small, Cathy A. (1994). Policy lessons from Lao and Hmong women in Thai refugee camps. World
Development , 22(7), 1045-1059.

Chan, Sucheng (Editor) (1994). Hmong means free: life in Laos and America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Chan, Sucheng. (1994). "Hmong Life Stories." In New Visions in Asian American Studies: Diversity, Community,
Power, edited by Franklin Ng, and Others. 43-62. Pullman: Washington State University Press.

Chang, M. (1994). The Mouse Bride. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Publications.

Chang, M. (1994). The Story of the Chinese Zodiac. (Children’s Storybook in Hmong and English). Union City, CA:
Pan Asian Publications.

Collignon, Francine Filipek. (1994). From 'Paj Ntaub' to paragraphs: perspectives on Hmong processes of
composing. In Vera John-Steiner, Carolyn P. Panofsky, Larry W. Smith, (Eds.), Sociocultural approaches to language
and literacy: an interactionist perspective (pp.331-346). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Donnelly, Nancy D. (1994). Changing lives of refugee Hmong women . Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Ensign, John. (1994). Traditional healing in the Hmong refugee community of the California Central Valley . Ph.D.,
California School of Professional Psychology.

Falk, C. (1994). "The Hmong in Australia." Paper reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/website. 5 p.

Findlay, M.S. (1994). “Structure and Process in Speech Subcommunities of Hmong Students at a Northern California
High School. Linguistics and Education 6: 245-260.

Foley, S. (1994). Parental Care Practices of the Hmong Refugees. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Fresno.

Funke, W.H. (1994). An Exploratory Study of American Hmong and Mien Perceptions and Preferences for Recreation.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Gilanshah, Farah (1994). The Effects of Immigration on Hmong Women in La Crosse Wisconsin. In Ethnic Women: a
Multiple Status Reality, Demos, Vasilikie, & Segal, Marcia Texler eds, Dix Hills, NY: General Hall, Inc., 95-103.

Graber-Wilson, G. (1994). The Farmer’s Son and the Gourd (Hmong Folktale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Hagemeister, A.K. (1994). Gender in Hmong Families: Voices From Two Generations. Master’s Thesis, University of
Minnesota.

Hall, S. (1994). “Dispute Settlement Procedures Among the Hmong: Melody and Improvisation. Master’s Synthesis
Project, Hamline University.

Hutchinson, R. and M. McNall (1994). “Early Marriage in a Hmong Cohort.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 56
(August 1994): 579-590.

Jenks, R.D. (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder in Guizhou: The Miao ‘Rebellion’, 1854-1873. Honolulu: University
of Hawaii Press.

Kang, H.W., Kuehn, P. and A. Herrell. (1994). “The Hmong Literacy Project: A Study of Hmong Classroom Behavior.”
Bilingual Research Journal 18(3 & 4): 63-83.

Haddad A. and K. Brown. (1994). “Ethics in Action: A Young Hmong Man with Inoperable Liver Cancer.” RN 57 (July
1994): 19-21.

Hao, K.T. (1994). Dance, Mice, Dance! (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian Publications.

Hao, K.T. (1994). The Emperor and the Nightingale. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Publications.

Hao, K.T. (1994). The Giant and the Spring. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Publications.

Hao, K.T. (1994). Seven Magic Brothers. (Storybook in English and Hmong). Taipai, Taiwan: Yuan-Liou Publishing.

Hee-Won Kang, Phyllis Kuehn and Adrienne Herrell. (1994). The Hmong Literacy Project: a study of Hmong
classroom behavior. Bilingual Research Journal. 18(3-4): 63+.

Hein, Jeremy. (1994). From migrant to minority: Hmong refugees and the social construction of identity in the United
States. Sociological Inquiry, 64(3), 281-306.

Hmong Youth Culture Awareness Project. (1994). A Free People: Our Voices, Our Stories, Our Dreams. Minneapolis,
MN: The Hmong Youth Culture Awareness Project.

Hutchinson, R. and C. Kraft. (1994). “Hmong Fishing Activity and Fish Consumption.” Journal of Great Lakes
Research 20:2:471-478.

Jenks, R.D. (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder: The ‘Miao’ Rebellion, 1854-1873. Honolulu, HI: University of
Hawaii Press.

Kang, H.W., Kuehn, P. and A. Herrell. (1994). “The Hmong Literacy Project: A Study of Hmong Classroom Behavior.”
Bilingual Research Journal 18 (Summer 1994): 63-83.

Lamb, J.A. (1994). Health-Related Fitness in Hmong Youth, Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.

Lee, Serge Chia. (1994). Stress, social support systems, and psychosocial well-being of Hmong refugee adults. Ph.D.
thesis, University of Washtington.

Lucas, A. (1994). How the Farmer Tricked the Evil Demon. (Children’s Storybook in both Hmong and English).
Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Mathews, P. (1994). Farmer Boy. (Children’s Storybook in Both Hmong and English). Covina, CA: Pacific Asia Press.

Mazzoni, D.M. (1994). Academic Performance and Locus of Control Among Hmong Refugee and East Indian
Immigrant Families. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno.

McNall, Miles, Dunnigan, Timothy & Mortimer, Jeylan T. (1994). The educational achievement of the St. Paul Hmong.
Anthropology and Education Quarterly , 25(1), 44-65.

Miyares. Ines Maria. (1994). Ethnic enclave formation and function: a study of Hmong refugees in the United States .
Ph.D. dissertation, Arizona State University.

Moua, Tou Yer. (1994). Hmong values and political leadership as perceived by the U.S. Hmongs . Ph.D. dissertation,
United States International University.

Mowry, Donald D. (1994). Mentoring the Hmong: a practice outlet for teaching faculty and a possible community
development tool. Journal of Community Practice , 1(1), 107-112.

Pump House Regional Center for the Arts. (1994). Hmong Lives: From Laos to La Crosse: Stories of Eight Hmong
Elders. La Crosse, WI: Pump House Regional Center for the Arts.

Prior. S. (1994). The Significance of Gardening on the Psychological Adjustment of the Hmong Elderly. Master’s
Thesis, San Diego State University.

Reimer, C. (1994). “God is More Powerful.” The Mennonite, 27 December 1994, 6-7. (Profile of Pastor of Hmong
Mennonite Church).

Renard, Ronald D. (1994). The monk, the Hmong, the forest, the cabbage, fire and water: incongruities in northern
Thailand opium replacement. Law & Society Review. 28(3):657-664.

Rettig, Perry Richard (1994). Minority Teacher Preparation In An Ex-Urban Setting: The Utop Case Study, PHD
dissertation. Marquette University.

Rice, P.L. (1994). "When I had my Baby Here!" In Rice, P.L., (ed.) Asian Mothers, Australian Birth - Pregnancy,
Childbirth, and Childrearing: The Asian Experience in an English Speaking Country. Melbourne: Ausmed Publication.
Reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/ website. 15 p.

Rice, P.L., Ly, B. and Lumley, J. (1994). “Childbirth and Soul Loss: The Case of a Hmong Woman.” The Medical
Journal of Australia 160 (2 May 1994): 577-578.

Rice, P.L, Ly, B., and Lumley, J. (1994). "Soul Loss Following a Caesarean Operation." Medical Journal of Australia,
160, 577-578. Reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/ website. 5 p.

Rolland, Barbara J. & Moua, Houa Vue. (1994). Trail through the mists . Eau Claire, Wis.: Eagles Printing Co.

Sarver, S. (1994). “Blue Hmong Women and Batik and Dancing in the Hog Trough.” Master’s Thesis, Utah State
University.

Schuter, R. (1994). “The Hmong of Laos: Orality, Communication, and Acculturation.” In Intercultural Communication:
A Reader. Edited by L.A. Samovar and R.E. Porter, 213-219. 7th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Thao, P. (1994). Mong Resettlement in the Chicago Area (1978-1987): Educational Implications. PhD Dissertation,
Loyola University of Chicago.

Timm, Joan Thrower. (1994). Hmong values and American education. Equity and Excellence in Education , 27(2), 36-
44.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Ant and the Elephant. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Hmong People and the Turtle. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Orphan and the Rich Boy. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Toyed, V.X. (1994). The Stepmother and the Three Children. (Hmong Folk Tale). Spokane, WA: Vanger Books.

Trueba, H.T. and Y. Zou. (1994). Power in Education: The Case of Miao University Students and Its Significance for
American Culture. Washington D.C.: Falmer Press.

U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcomittee on Asia and the Pacific. Indochinese Refugees: Hearing
Before the Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives.
103rd Congress, 2nd Session, 26 April 1994.

Xiong, T. (1994). Changes in the Hmong Traditional Naming System: A Pilot Study. Master’s Thesis, University of
Wisconsin-Stout.

Vang, Blong Ngaloo. (1994). Causes of depression within the Minnesota Hmong community. M.S. thesis, University of
Wisconsin, Stout.

Vang, M.M. (1994). Hmong Mothers and Daughters: Cultural Adjustment and Conflict. Master’s Thesis, California
State University, Stanislaus.

Walter, P. (1994). “An Assessment of the Educational Needs of Hmong Adults: Implications for Program Development
in ABE.” Adult Basic Education 4 (Spring 1994): 35-49.

Weinstein-Shr, G. (1994). “From Mountaintops to City Streets: Literacy in Philadelphia’s Hmong Community.” In
Literacy Across Communities, ed. by B.J. Moss, 49-83. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

White, Emma Tao (1994). Criterion validity and sensitivity of the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory with refugee
adolescents. Ph.D. thesis, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno.

Winland, Daphne N. (1994). Christianity and community: conversion and adaptation among Hmong refugee women.
Canadian Journal of Sociology/Cahiers canadiens de sociologie . 19(1), 21-45.

Young, Karen Jean (1994). Hmong Test-Taking Strategies: A Comparison With Test-Taking Strategies Of Students
Speaking English Only, Ma dissertation. California State University – Fresno.

1993

Anderson, E.F. (1993). Plants and People of the Golden Triangle: Ethnobotany of the Hill Tribes of Northern
Thailand. Portland, OR: Dioscorides Press.

Bisang, W. (1993). “Classifiers, Quantifiers, and Class Nouns in Hmong.” Studies in Language 17, no. 1: 1-51.

Bliatout, B. (1993). “Hmong Death Customs: Traditional and Acculturated.” In Ethnic Variations in Dying, Death, and
Grief: Diversity in Universality, edited by D.K. Irish, K.F. Lundquist, and V.J. Nelsen, 79-100. Washington D.C.: Taylor
and Francis, 1993.

Butcher-Younghans, S. “Forging a Partnership: The Hmong and the Science Museum of Minnesota.” Curator 36
(September 1993): 169-173.

Castle, T. (1993). At War in the Shadow of Vietnam: U.S. Military Aid to the Royal Lao Government 1955-1975. New
York: Columbia University Press.

Chang, K. and S. Pinkel. (1993). Kou Chang’s Story: The Journey of a Laotian Hmong Refugee Family. Rochester,
NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press.

Chanson, P. (1993). “Father Yves Bertrais, An Essential Figure in the History of Hmong Christianity: Tribute in the
Form of a Travel Story.” Translated by J.L.C. Steenbrink. Exchange: Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical
Research 22 (April 1993) 1-17.

Dana, A.F. (1993). Courtship and Marriage Traditions of the Hmong. Master's Thesis, California State University,
Fresno.

Danes, S.M. (1993). "Middle-Generation Hmong Couple Decision Making Patterns." In Cross Cultural Approaches to
Home Management, edited by R.V. Schweitzer, 307-331. Frankfurt am Main: Boulder, CO: Campus Verlag; Westview
Press, 1993.

Dao, Y. (1993). Hmong at the Turning Point. Minneapolis, MN: World Bridge Associates Ltd.

Davidson, Jack (1993). Hmong Ethnohistory: An Historical Study Of Hmong Culture And Its Implications For Ministry
(Laotian), Dmiss dissertation. Fuller Theological Seminary, School Of World Mission.

Davis, E. (1993). Effective Hmong Parent Involvement Program. Master’s Thesis, Hamline University.

Diamond, N. (1993). “Ethnicity and the State: The Hua Miao of Southwest China.” In Ethnicity and the State, edited by
J.D. Toland, 55-78. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.

Duchon, D. (1993). Home is Where You Make It: Hmong Refugees in Georgia. Master’s Thesis, Georgia State
University.

Dufresne, J. (1993). "Mainstreaming LEP Students: The Case of the Hmong." MinneTESOL Journal 11: 95-122.

Dunnigan, T., McNall, M., & J.T. Mortimer. (1993). “The Problem of Metaphorical Nonequivalence in Cross-Cultural
Survey Research: Comparing the Mental Health Statuses of Hmong Refugee and General Population Adolescents.”
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 24(3): 344-365.

Feng, P.Z. (1993). Hmong-Chinese Dictionary. Publisher Not Available.

Friesen, P.M. (1993). Hmong Infant Feeding Practices: A Mini Ethnonursing Study. Master’s Thesis, College of St.
Catherines, St. Paul, MN.

Greene, William Lewis (1993). Identifying Cultural Values With Story Completions: Comparing The Narratives Of
Hmong And American Children, MA dissertation. California State University – Fresno.

Hamilton-Merritt, J. and A. Hemingway.(1993). “The Killing Fields of Laos.” Vietnam, December 1992, 46-53.

Hammond, G.K. (1993). Hmong Refugees: Implicating Factors for Adult Education in Cultural Assimilation in American
Society. PhD Dissertation, Kansas State University.

Helsel, Deborah Gail (1993). ‘Here There Is Much More And Much Less’: Hmong-American Families, Culture And
Childbearing In The ‘Land Of The Giants’, PhD dissertation. University of California - San Francisco.

Helzer, J.J. (1993). Maintenance of Ethnic Identity: Hmong and Mien Settlement and Survival in Northern California.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Herman, L.E. (1993). “Training Hmong Leaders of Powderhorn Park Baptist Church to Deal with Spirit Oppression.”
Master’s Thesis, Moody Bible Institute.

Holbrook, D. (1993). The Relationship of Parental Expectations and Acculturation on Hmong Elementary Student’s
Achievement. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Human Relations Area Files (1993). North American Hmong (microform). New Haven: Human Relations Area Files,
1993.

Gibeau, D. (1993). “Hmong Mass in Gothic Church.” National Catholic Reporter, 10 December 1993, 19.

Glastris, K. (1993). “The Brave New World of the Hmong.” U.S. News and World Report, 4 October 1993, 49.

Greene, W.L. (1993). Identifying Cultural Values with Story Completions: Comparing the Narratives of Hmong and
American Children. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno.

Hmong American Partnership. (1993). Hmong in the 90s’: Stepping Toward the Future. St. Paul, MN: Hmong
American Partnership.

Jordan, B. (1993). Home-School Partnerships: The Needs and Perceptions of Hmong Parents. Master’s Thesis,
California State University, Fresno.

Koltyk, J.A. (1993). “Telling Narratives through Home Videos: Hmong Refugees and Self-Documentation of Life in the
Old and New Country.” Journal of American Folklore 106(422): 435-449.

Kunstadter, P. and others. “Demographic Variables in Fetal and Child Mortality: Hmong in Thailand.” Social Science
and Medicine 36: 1109-1120.

Lanphier, C.M. (1993). "The Final Phase of Southeast Asian Asylum? - Some Unfinished Business." Refuge:
Canada's Periodical on Refugees, Sept. 1993, 3-7.

Lee, S.G. (1993). Stress, Social Support Systems and Psychosocial Well-being of Hmong Refugee Adults. PhD
Dissertation, University of Washington.

Leone, D.J. (1993). Screening for Prenatal Risk Factors in Hmong Women. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-
Madison.

Lewis, J.A. (1993). “Hmong Visual, Oral and Social Design: Innovation within a Frame of the Familiar.” Master’s
Thesis, California State University, Sacramento, 1993.

Long, L.D. (1993). Ban Vanai: The Refugee Camp. New York: Columbia University Pres..

Ly, Maychy. (1993). Hmong women: Their role and responsibilities . Minneapolis: Association for the Advancement of
Hmong Women in Minnesota.

McKinnon J. and W. Bhruksasri. (1993). "Highland Populations in Northern Thailand." In Highlanders of Thailand,
McKinnon J. and W. Bhruksasri, eds. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press. 36-44.

Mote, S.M. (1993). Patients and Providers: Two Views of Hmong Health Care in Sacramento. Master’s Thesis,
University of California, Davis.

Mundahl, J. ed. (1993). Tales of Courage, Tales of Dreams: A Multicultural Reader. (Includes Oral Histories of Hmong
Teens) Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Ng, F. (1993). “Towards a Second Generation Hmong History.” AmerAsia Journal 19(3): 51-69.

Olney, D.P. (1993). A Bibliography of the Hmong (Miao). Minneapolis, MN: Southeast Asian Refugee Studies Project,
University of Minnesota.

Olney, D.P. (1993). We Must Be Organized: Dual Organizations in an American Hmong Community. PhD Dissertation,
University of Minnesota.

Otto, T.U. (1993). Effects of Grade Inflation on the Stress Levels of First Generation Hmong Immigrant Students
Enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Stout. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Pease, J. (1993). Somatic Complaints and Depression in Hmong Adults. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Fresno.

Peterson, B.J. (1993). The Effect of Selected Factors on Hmong Perception of Health and Illness. Master’s Thesis,
University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh.

Peterson, S. (1993). “Hmong Voices in Montana.” Journal of American Folklore 106 (Fall 1993): 468-475.

Riddle, E.M. (1993). “The Relative Marker Uas in Hmong.” Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 16 (Fall 1993): 57-
68.

Ruiz, H.A. (1993). "Hmong Told They Must Choose Resettlement or Repatriation." Refugee Reports, 30 June 1993,
10-12.

Schilling, L.O. (1993). “Help for the Hmong.” The Municipality, November 1993, 427-428. (Description of Eau Claire,
WI’s Fire Department’s Outreach to the Hmong Community).

Shadik, K.M. (1993). “Development of a Transcultural Health Education Program for the Hmong.” Clinical Nurse
Specialist 7 (March 1993): 48-53.

Syrdahl, L.F. (1993). Hmong in Transition: A Study of the Acculturation Process of Hmong Male Adolescents in Butte
County. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Stock, Carolyn Haase (1993). The Impact Of California Policies On The Education of Indochinese Children: The
Implementation Of AB 507 Effective 1980 (Education Policy, Limited English Speaking) EdD dissertation. The Fielding
Institute.

Taillez, D. (1993). "A New Heart: Hmong Christians in America." Migration World Magazine. 21(2-3): 3 p.

Thao, C. (1993). Only a Toad. (Children’s Story Based on Hmong Folktale). Green Bay, WI: Project Chong.

Thao, P.N. (1993). “Between Two Worlds: Hmong Ethnography, Spirituality, and Ceremony for the Deceased.” Master’
s Thesis, Mankato State University.

Trevison, C. (1993). “Changing Sexual Assault and the Hmong.” Indiana Law Review 27: 393-314.

Tuttle, Cynthia Reeves (1993). Infant Feeding Among Southeast Asian Immigrants In Northern California (Hmong,
Vietnamese), PhD dissertation. University of California, Davis.

Xiong, Z.B. (1993). Delinquency Among Hmong Youths: Sociocultural Adjustment Problems and Societal Influences.
Master’s Thesis, Mankato State University.

Van, D.N. (1993). “The Flood Myth and the Origin of Ethnic Groups in Southeast Asia.” Journal of American Folklore
106 (Summer 1993): 304-337.

Van Staaveren J. (1993). Interdiction in Southern Laos. Washington D.C.: Center for Air Force History.

Vang, P. (1993). "White Paper on Demonstrations of Hmong Refugees and Letters from the Napho and Ban Vinai
Refugee Camps, Thailand to President Bill Clinton in 1993." Denver: Lao Amerian Human Rights Council.

Vang, P. (1993). “The Hmong Council Education Committee: Grassroots Advocacy.” In Refugee Empowerment and
Organizational Change: A Systems Perspective, ed. by P.W. Van Arsdale, 37-49. Arlington, VA: Committee on
Refugee Issues, General Anthropology Division, American Anthropological Association.

Weinstein-Shr., G. (1993). “Literacy and Social Process: A Community in Transition.” In Cross-Cultural Approaches to
Literacy, edited by B.V. Street, 272-293. Cambridge, NY: Cambridge University Press.

White, Emma Tao (1993). Criterion Validity And Sensitivity Of The Million Adolescent Personality Inventory With
Refugee Adolescents, PhD dissertation. California School of Professional Psychology – Fresno

Yang, Hueson. (1993). Through the Spirit’s Door: A True Story of the Hmong People at War: 19751980. Edited by
John F. Baxley. Arlington, TX: Hyco International, 1993.

1992

Ashenbrenner, D. (1992). “Neighbors from Southeast Asia: Butchering the Hmong Way.” Countryside and Small
Stock Journal 76: 54-55.

Barcher, A.C. (1992). First Asylum in Southeast Asia: Customary Norm or Ephemeral Concept?" New York University
Journal of International Law and Politics. 24 (Spring 1992): 1253-1286.

Beemer, B.G. 1992. Hmong Political Behavior in Laos: An Analysis Using Hmong Culture and History.” Senior Honors
Thesis, Brandeis University.

Blake, J. and D. Yang. (1992). Hmong for English Speakers (Level 1). Minneapolis, World Bridge Associates.

Boyes J. and S. Paraban. 1992. A Life Apart Viewed from the Hills. Bangkok: Silkworm Books.

Bright, W. (1992). “Hmong Njua – Syntactic Analysis of a Spoken Language Using Data-Processing Equipment and
Comparative Linguistic Descriptions of Southeast Asian Languages.” Language. 68(1): 165-171.

Caitlin, A. (1992). “Homo Cantens: Why Hmong Sing During Interactive Courtship Rituals.” Selected Reports in
Ethnomusicology 9 (1992): 43-60.

Call, K.T. and M. McNall (1992). “Poverty, Ethnicity, and Youth Adjustment: A Comparison of Poor Hmong and Non-
Hmong Adolescents.” In Adolescence, Careers, and Cultures, edited by. W. Meeus, M. Goede, W. Kox and K.
Hurrelmann, 373-392. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter.

Chantavanich, S. and others. (1992). The Lao Returnees in the Voluntary Repatriation Programme from Thailand.
Occasional Paper Series, no. 3. Bangkok: Indochinese Refugee Information Center, Institute of Asian Studies,
Chulalongkorn University, 1992.

Conquergood, D. (1992). “Fabricating Culture: The Textile Art of Hmong Refugee Women.” In Performance, Culture,
and Identity, edited by E.C. Fine and J.H. Speer, 206-248. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992.

Conquergood, D. (1992). "Life in Big Red: Struggles and Accomodations in a Chicago Polyethnic Tenement." In
Structuring Diversity: Ethnographic Perspectives on the New Immigration, edited by L. Lamphere, 95-144. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.

Detzner, D.F. (1992). "Life Histories: Conflict in Southeast Asian Refugee Families." In Qualitative Methods in Family
Research, edited by J.F. Gilgun, K. Daly and G. Handel, 85-102. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Duenes, J. (1992). A Guidebook for Teaching Hmong Folktales Across the Curriculum. Master’s Thesis, California
State University, Chico.

England, S.R. (1992). An Integrated Approach: Combining Elements of Hmong Culture and Music Learning Activities
for the Primary Student. Master’s Thesis, University of Saint Thomas (St. Paul, MN).

Grazer, W. and S. Lowman. (1992). "Hmong Refugees in Thailand: The Case Against Forced Resettlement."
Washington D.C.: United States Catholic Conference, Migration and Refugee Services.

Guenette, L.R. (1992). The Magic is Gone: A Sociological Perspective of the Hmong View of United States Society.”
Master’s Thesis, Mankato State University.

Falk, C. (1992). "Hmong Funeral in Australia in 1992." Paper reprinted at www.hmongnet.org/hmong-au/ website. 9 p.

Faller, H.S. (1992). “Hmong Women: Characteristics and Birth Outcomes.” Birth 19 (September 1992): 144-148.

Farley, L. (1992). Differences in Selected Personal and Educational Characteristics for Hmong and non-Hmong
Students at Fresno City College. Ed.D Dissertation, University of Southern California.

Findlay, M.S. (1992). American Hmong High School Students: An Ethnographic Study of Communication and Cultural
Adaptation. PhD Dissertation, University of Oregon.

Freeman, M. (1992). A Golden Souvenir of the Hilltribes of Thailand. Bangkok: Asia Books.

Hallberg, G.R. (1992). The Hiskey-Nebraska Test Of Learning Aptitude As An Instrument In The Psychoeducational
Assessment Of A Referred Population Of Limited English Proficient Students (Intelligence Testing), PhD dissertation.
The Union Institute.

Helsel, D.; D.B. Petitti and P. Kundstadter. (1992). “Pregnancy Among the Hmong: Birthweight, Age and Parity.” 82:
1361-1364.

Himes, J.H. and others. (1992). “Indications of Early Obesity in Low-Income Hmong Children.” American Journal of
Diseases in Children 146: 67-69.

Hurie, M.B., E.E. Mast, and J.P. Davis. (1992). “Horizontal Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus Infection to United States-
Born Children of Hmong Refugees.” Pediatrics 89: 269-273.

Hutchinson, R. (1992). “Acculturation in the Hmong Community.” Green Bay; Milwaukee: Center for Public Affairs,
University of Wisconsin-Green Bay; Institute on Race and Ethnicity, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Hutchinson, R. (1992). “Hmong Leisure and Recreation Activities.” In Managing Urban and High-Use Recreation
Settings: Selected Papers from the Urban Forestry and Ethnic Minorities and the Environment Paper Sessions. 4th
American Symposiums on Society and Resource Management, May 17-20, 1992, University of Wisconsin, Madison,
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Forest Experiment Station.

Ikeda, J.P. (1992). Hmong American Food Practices, Customs, and Holidays, Ethnic and Regional Food Practices: A
Series. Chicago, Alexandria: American Diatectic Association: American Diabetes Association.

Jewell, C.M. (1992). Gender Roles and Second Language Acquisition in Hmong Acculturation. PhD Dissertation, West
Virginia University.

Johnson, C. and S. Vang. (1992). Myths, Legends and Folktales from the Hmong of Laos//Dab Neeg Moog. Saint
Paul, MN: Linguistics Department, Macalester University.

Judkins, R.A. and A.B. Judkins. (1992). “Commentary: Cultural Dimensions of Hmong Birth.” Birth 19 (September
1992): 148-150.

Juergens, M.W. (1992). Factors Influencing the Help Source Preferences of the Hmong. Master’s Thesis, University of
Wisconsin – Stout.

Kelly, C. (1992). Teaching Hmong Literacy Skills to Elementary Students: Its Effect on English Reading
Competencies. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Chico.

Kesmanee, C. (1992). “The Masque of Progress: Notes from a Hmong Village.” Pacific Viewpoint 33 (October 1992):
170-179.

Lengyel, K.A. (1992). How do Hmong Women Perceive Their Hospital Stay During Labor, Birth, and Postpartum?
Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

Lewis, J. ed. (1992). Minority Cultures of Laos: Kammu, Lua, Lahu, Hmong and Iu-Mien. Rancho Cordova, CA:
Southeast Asia Community Resource Center.

Lingberg, S. (1992). Hmong Voices in Montana. Missoula, MT: Missoula Museum of Arts.

Long, L.D. (1992). "Literacy Acquisition of Hmong Refugees." In Cross-Cultural Literacy: Global Perspectives on
Reading and Writing, edited by Fraida Dubin and N.A. Kuhlman, 35-46. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Regents/Prentice Hall.

Lynch, Annette Ferne (1992). Hmong-American New Year’s Dress: A Material Culture Approach (Clothing), PhD
dissertation. University of Minnesota.

Mannel, P.L. (1992). Factors the Influence or Hinder Hmong Parents in Obtaining Exams, Immunizations, and Blood
Amenia Screenings for Their Children Ages Birth to Five Years of Age. Master’s Thesis, California State University,
Chico.

Marchant, B and H. (1992). A Boy Named Chong. (Storybook About a Hmong Boy). Green Bay, WI: Project Chong.

Martin, E. (1992). "Hmong in French Guyana: An Improbable Gamble." Refugees, September 1992, 28-29.

McKibben, B. (1992). English-White Hmong Dictionary. Provo, UT: Brian McKibben.

Meyer C. (1992). Hmong Children and Their Families: Consideration of Cultural Influences in Assessment. American
Journal of Occupational Therapy 46:737-744.

Mitchell, R.E., (1992). "Tradition, Change, and Hmong Refugees." In Creativity and Tradition in Folklore: New
Directions. Edited by S.J. Bronner. Logan, UT: Utah State University Press. pp. 263-275.

Mouanoutoua, V.L. (1992). Acculturation and Risk for Child Maltreatment in the Hmong Community. PhD Dissertation,
California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno.

Perngparn, U. et al. (1992). Impact of Health Development on Child Rearing of the Hilltribes: Karen and Hmong. IPS
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Pfister, M. (1992). The Rainbow Fish. (Children’s Storybook in English and Hmong). Union City, CA: Pan Asian
Publications.

Rairdan, B. and Z.R. Higgs. (1992). “When Your Patient is a Hmong Refugee.” American Journal of Nursing 92
(March 1992): 52-55.

Ranney, S. (1992). “Learning a New Script: An Exploration of Sociolinguistic Competence.” Applied Linguistics 13(1):
25-52.

Ratliff, M. (1992). Meaningful Tone: A Study of Tonal Morphology In Compounds, Form Classes, and Expressive
Phrases in White Hmong. Dekalb: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University.

Rick, K., and J. Forward (1992). “Acculturation and Perceived Intergenerational Differences Among Hmong Youth.”
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 23(1): 85-94.

Robinson, C. (1992). "Unhappy Endgame': Hmong Refugees in Thailand." Refugee Reports, 28 August 1992, 1-8.

Ruefle, W., Ross, W.H., and D. Mandell. (1992). “Attitudes Toward Southeast Asian Immigrants in a Wisconsin
Community.” International Migration Review 26(3): 877-898.

Sakulnamarka, D. (1992). Life Satisfaction of Middle-Generation Hmong Husbands and Wives. PhD Dissertation,
University of Minnesota.

Scott, G.M. (1992). “The Advent of a Cottage Industry of Hmong Paj Ntaub Textiles in Southern California: the Roles
of an Entrepreneur-Patron, An Applied Anthropologist-Broker, and a Shopping Mall Sale.” Human Organization 51
(fall 1992): 284-298.

Sibila, W.W. (1992). A Cross-Cultural Study Evaluating the Use of the Rorshach for the Assessment of Depression in
Hmong Refugees. PhD Dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno.

Smith, S.D. (1992). Toward Assessment of Programs in Humboldt County Providing Assistance to Adult Lao-Hmong
Refugees. Master’s Thesis, Humboldt State University.

Steck, R.N. (1992). “The American Dream 1992: A Long Trek.” D and B Reports 40 (July-August 1992): 26-27, 49.

Strohl, L. (1992). “The Hmongs.” Pittsburgh, April 1992, 34-38, 54-56.

Suga, M. (1992). “The Life and Words of a Hmong Textile Artist: A Book of Hmong Memory for the Future
Generations.” Master’s Thesis, University of Minnesota, 1992.

Sun, W.Y. (1992). An Impact of a Tai Chi Chuan Program on Hmong Older Adults in La Crosse County. Master’s
Thesis, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse.

Tan, Cheribeth Uy (1992). Demographic And Psycho-Social Predictors Of Dependency On Public Assistance Among
Southeast Asian And Eastern European Refugees, MA dissertation. Michigan State University.

Timm, J. (1992). “Hmong Values and American Education.” Forward: Wisconsin Journal for Supervision and
Curriculum Development 16, no. 2 (1992): 1-11.

Tokarz, M.L. (1992). Post-Secondary Plans of Hmong High School Students. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-
Stout.

Vang, A.T.K. (1992). A Descriptive Study of Academically Proficient Hmong High School Girl Dropouts. Ed.D
Dissertation, University of San Francisco, 1992.

Vang, P. (1992). “Hmong Culture Related to Law and Education.” Denver: Hmong Council Education Committee.

Vang, P. (1992). "White Paper on Forced Repatriation of Hmong Refugees from Thailand to Laos." Denver: Lao
Human Rights Council.

Vang, P. (1992). “Law and Cultures: The Hmong.” In Teaching About Law and Cultures: Japan, Southeast Asia
(Hmong) and Mexico, edited by. B. Miller and L. Parisi, 77-128. Boulder, CO: Culture-Focused Law-Related Education
Project: Social Science Education Consortium.

Xiong, L., Xiong, W.J. and N.L.Xiong, Comps, eds. (1992). English-Mong Dictionary. Milwaukee: Xiong Partnership
Productions.

Waters, D.A., Rao, R.R., and H.E. Petracchi. (1992). "Providing Health Care for the Hmong." Wisconsin Medical
Journal. November 1992. 529-534.

Winland, D.N. (1992). "The Role of Religious Affiliation in Refugee Resettlement: The Case of the Hmong." Canadian
Ethnic Studies 24: 96-119.

Wood, D.B. (1992). “From Lao Hills to California Valley.” Migration World 20, no. 3: 45.

Yang, D. (1992). “The Hmong: Enduring Traditions.” In Minority Cultures of Laos: Kammu, Lua’, Lahu, Hmong and
Mien, edited by J. Lewis, 249-326. Rancho Cordova, CA: Southeast Asian Community Resource Center, Folsom
Cordova Unified School District, 1992.

Yang, W.S. (1992). A Comparison Study of Academically Successful and Unsuccessful Hmong Students in Minnesota
and West-Central Wisconsin. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin.

Yang, W.T. (1992). “Health Care and the Hmong People in Minnesota.” M.A. Thesis, Mankato State University, 1992.

Yee, B.Y.K. (1992). “Elders in Southeast Asian Refugee Families.” Generations 16 (Summer 1992): 24-47.

1991

Adler S.R. “Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome Among Hmong Immigrants: Examining the Role of the
‘Nightmare’.” Journal of American Folklore 104 (Winter 1991): 54-71.

Adler, S.R. (1991). The Role Of The Nightmare In Hmong Sudden Unexpected Nocturnal Death Syndrome: A
Folkloristic Study Of Belief And Health, PhD dissertation. University of California – Los Angeles.

Anderson, M.M. (1991). "Journeys, Boundaries, Maps, Paths, and Paradigms: The Decorah (Iowa) Hmong and the
Decorah Native." Master's Thesis, Hamline University, 1991.

Benson, J.L. (1991). "Cultural Factors Inhibiting the Mainstreaming of the Hmong." Master's Thesis, Mankato State
University.

Bliatout, B. (1991). “Hmong Healing Practictioners.” Hmong Forum 2: 58-66.

Borth, M.M. (1991). Lead Burden in Hmong Children in Northeastern Wisconsin.” MA Thesis, UW-Oshkosh.

Bradley, D. and Others. (1991). Thai Hill Tribe Phrasebook: Lahu, Lisu, Karen, and other Hill Tribes. Berkeley, CA:
Lonely Planet.

Capps, L.L. (1991). “Concepts of Health and Illness of the Protestant Hmong.” PhD Dissertation, University of Kansas,
1991.

Castella, P. (1991). “Bamboo Versus Guns: Lao’s Hmong Resistance Movement.” International Defense Review 24
(May 1991): 397-98.

China Tourism. (1991). “Guizhou: A Glimpse of the Miao and Dong Peoples.” June 1991, 22-33.

China Tourism. (1991). “Yunnan: Miao Villages in the Wumeng Mountains.” Translated by A. Yan. June 1991, 34-41.

Colby, W.E. (1991). “The Hmong and The CIA: A Friendship, Not a Scandal.” Hmong Forum 2 (1991): 25-34.

Divo, N.J. and D. Cha. (1991). Folkstories of the Hmong: People of Laos, Thailand and Vietnam.

Fass, S. (1991). “The Hmong in Wisconsin: on the Road to Self-Sufficiency.” Milwaukee: Wisconsin Policy Research
Institute.

Fish, A.J. (1991). The Hmong of St. Paul, Minnesota: The Effects of Culture, Gender, and Family Networks on
Adolescents’ Plans for the Future. Master’s Thesis, University of Minnesota.

Gustafson, M.R. and S.L. Roettger. “Pictorial Literacy Skills of Haitian and Hmong Women.” Journal of Visual Literacy
11 (Spring 1991): 77-84.

Haudricourt, A. and D. Strecker (1991). “Hmong-Mien (Miao-Yao) Loans in Chinese.” T’oung Pao 77: 335-341.

Henry, R. (1991). Measles, Hmong, and Migration: Culture Change and Illness Management Under Conditions of
Immigration.” Master’s Thesis, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

Himes, H.K. (1991). Traditional Parenting Practices and Attitudes of the Hmong: A Foundation for a Culturally
Sensitive Parenting Program. Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fresno.

Hu, Z. and I. Baine.(1991). “Introducing the Mou of Guizhou.” Hmong Forum 2: 16-24.

Humphrey, H. III. (1991). “The Hmong Community’s Access to Government Services: A Working Group Report.”
Minneapolis: Office of the Minnesota Attorney General.

Hurt, C. (1991). The Cognitive Style of Hmong Elementary Students in Northern California. Master’s Thesis, California
State University, Chico.

Ikeda, J.P. et al.(1991). “Food Habits of the Hmong Living in Central California.” Journal of Nutrition Education 23
(July-August 1991): 168-175.

Jacobs, L. (1991). “Assessment Concerns: A Study of Cultural Differences, Teacher Concepts, and Inappropriate
Labeling.” Teacher Education and Special Education 14(1): 43-48.

Jarkey, N. (1991). Serial Verbs in White Hmong: A Functional Approach. PhD Dissertation, University of Sydney.

Jilek, W.G. and L. Jilek-Aall. (1991). “The Mental Health Relevance of Traditional Medicine and Shamanism in
Refugee Camps of Northern Thailand.” Curare 13 no. 4: 217-224.

Kesmanee, C. (1991). “Highlanders, Intervention, and Adaptation: A Case Study of the Mong N’jua (Moob Ntsuab)
Village of Pattana.” Master’s Thesis, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, 1991.

Kravitiz, L. (1991). "This is Just a Waiting Place." Scholastic Update (Teacher's Edition) 18 October 1991, 13-15.

Lee, Pao. (1991). Health Care Systems Utilized by the Hmong in California: A Case Study in Stanislaus County.
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Stanislaus.

Li, C. (1991). “The Aspectual System of Hmong.” Studies in Language 15: 25-58.

Lopez-Romano, S.S. (1991). Integration of Community and Learning Among Southeast Asian Newcomer Hmong
Parents and Children. Ed.D. Dissertation, University of San Francisco.

McInnes, K. (1991). “Ethnic-Sensitive Work with Hmong Refugee Children.” Child Welfare 70(5): 571-580.

Melton, J.B. (1991). An Analysis of Hmong Noun Classifiers. Master’s Thesis, San Diego State University.

Miller, C.L. (1991). Some Contextual Problems Relative to the Acquisition of Literacy by Hmong Refugees. Master’s
Thesis, California State University, Long Beach.

Moore, D.L. (1991). “Between Cultures: Oral History of Hmong Teenagers in Minneapolis.” Hmong Forum 2: 39-57.

Morishita, L. and G. Suzuki-Jones. (1991). A Sociocultural Approach to the Design of Housing for Southeast Asian
Refugees. Master’s Thesis, University of Washington.

Morrow, R.D. (1991). “The Challenge of Southeast Asian Parental Involvement.” Principal 70(3): 20-22.

Mouanoutoua, V.L. and others. (1991). “A Hmong Adaptation of the Beck Depression Inventory.” Journal of
Personality Assessment 57 (October 1991): 309-322.

Mulder, P.L. (1991). An Investigation of the Effects of the Level of Acculturation on the Performance of Hmong Adult
Refugees on Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices and Bender-Gestalt Visual/Motor Test. PhD Dissertation,
California School of Professional Psychology, Fresno.

Ostergren, J.C. (1991). Relationships Among English Performance, Self-Efficacy, Anxiety, and Depression for Hmong
Students. PhD Dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Peterson, E.A. (1991). Examining Curriculum from Traditional Hmong Culture and the Dominant Culture of the United
States. Master’s Thesis, Hamline University.

Ratliff, M. (1991). “Cov, the Underspecified Noun and Syntactic Flexibility in Hmong.” Journal of the American Oriental
Society 111: 694-703.

Ratliff, M. (1991). “The Development of Nominal/Non-Nominal Class Markings by Tone in Shimen Hmong.” In
Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society February 15-18, 1991: General
Session and Parasession on the Grammar of Event Structure, edited by L.A. Sutton, C. Johnson and R. Shields, 267-
282: Berkeley: Linguistics Society.

Robinson, W.C. (1991). "Laotian Refugees in Thailand: The Thai and U.S. Response, 1975-1988." In Laos: Beyond
the Revolution, edited by J.J. Zasloff and L. Unger, 215-240. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Smith, R.M. and L.A. Nelson. (1991). “Hmong Folk Remedies: Limited Acetylation of Opium by Aspirin and
Acetaminophen.” Journal of Forensic Sciences 36: 280-87.

Spielman, M. (1991). Refugee Urban Hmong Lifeways with a Focus on Care and Health Phenomena. Master’s Thesis,
Saint Xavier College.

Symonds, Patricia Veronica (1991). Cosmology And The Cycle Of Life: Hmong View Of Birth, Death And Gender In A
Mountain Village In Northern Thailand, PhD dissertation, Brown University.

Thao, P.V. (1991). A Study of 129 Lao-Hmong Families: Labor Force Participation and Career Search in the City of
Madison. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Vang, A.P. (1991). Availability of Educational Support Programs and a Counselor for Hmong High School Students in
Eau Claire Public High Schools. Master’s Thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout.

Weinstein-Shr, G. and N.Z. Henkin (1991). “Continuity and Change: Intergenerational Relations in Southeast Asian
Refugee Families.” Marriage and Family Review 16 (Summer 1991): 351-367.

Wells, B.B. (1991). The Effect of Speaking the Tonal Language Hmong on Kindergarten Children’s Singing
Accuracy.” Master’s Thesis, University of St. Thomas.

Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children. (1991). "Repatriation and Reintegration: Can Hmong
Refugees Begin to Look Homeward?" New York: Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, Operating
Under the Care of the International Rescue Committee.

Wu, D. (1991). “A Brief Introduction to the Hmong of China.” Hmong Forum 2: 1-15.

Vang, P. (1991). "White Paper on the Murders and Persecution of the Hmong and Laotian Returnees in Laos:
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Vang, V. (1991). Identifying the Needs of Hmong Parents Experiencing Cultural Conflicts in American Society. Master’
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1990

Ahrens, M.H. (1990). “Harmonizing Health Through a Life Acculturation Process: A Grounded Theory of Hmong
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Peterson, Sally Nina (1990). From The Heart And The Mind: Creating Paj Ntaub In The Context Of Community
(Hmong, Flower Cloth, Folk Art), PhD dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.

Podeschi, R. (1990). “Teaching Their Own: Minority Challenges to Mainstream Institutions. New Directions for Adult
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Xiong, L. (1990). “Hmong Role and Motivation in Support of the French and Americans in the Laotian Civil War, 1945-
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Vang, C.K., Yang, G.Y., and W.M. Smalley. (1990). The Life of Shong Lue Yang: Hmong ‘Mother of Writing’//Keeb
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Vang, P. (1990). The Politics of Hmong Community Organizations in America. Denver: Hmong Council Education
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Vang, S.M. (1990). The Effects of Hmong Family Responsibilities on the Level of Performance of Hmong Students in
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