Southeast Asian American Data 2006 American Community Survey
2006 American Community Survey Profile of Hmong-Americans Released

By Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

In September 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau released 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) figures
for Hmong Americans. The ACS data are now being released annually.   It should be noted that the
survey is only given to a sample of the U.S. population as opposed to the census which is intended to be
administered to all U.S. households every 10 years. Despite this weakness, the availability of annual
ACS data does provide for the first time a wealth of frequently updated data pertaining to racial, ethnic,
and ancestral groups in the United States.

The top 10 states for Hmong Americans according to the 2006 ACS were California (71,244), Minnesota
(49,200), Wisconsin (38,949), Michigan (8,686), North Carolina (8,451), Colorado (3,875), Georgia
(3,407), Washington (3,050), Oregon (2,729), and Florida (1,856). The total estimated Hmong
population in the U.S. according to the 2006 ACS was 209,866, up about 20,000 from the 2005 ACS
estimate.

The 2006 ACS estimates that the median age of Hmong-Americans was 19.1 years (compared to about
36 years among all Americans). The average size of Hmong households was 5.36 persons compared to
2.6 among the entire U.S. population. According to the 2006 ACS figures, the percentage of Hmong
Americans with a Bachelor’s Degree was 10.4% compared to 17.1% among the entire American
population. The 2006 ACS figures show that about 40% of foreign-born Hmong arrived in the U.S. after
1990 and about 12% since 2000, likely reflecting the fairly sizable number of Hmong who arrived as
refugees from Wat Tham Krabok in Thailand.

The 2006 ACS figures also show the strong priority Hmong families place on maintaining the Hmong
language among their children. More than 94% of Hmong-Americans reported speaking a language
other than English at home. In addition, the 2006 ACS figures show a continued strong concentration of
Hmong-Americans in manufacturing jobs (Production, Transportation, and Materials Moving
Occupations).  The poverty rate among Hmong-American families was 26%, down from 1/3 of families in
the 2000 census but still higher than the U.S. average of 9.8%. Hmong-American median family income
was $42,875, up considerably from the 2000 census. Finally, the 2006 ACS makes apparent the ongoing
gains of Hmong-Americans in homeownership. A clear majority of Hmong households now own their own
homes (54.1%).


Hmong Population Estimates
2006 American Community Survey

California – 71,244
Minnesota – 49,200
Wisconsin – 38,949
Michigan – 8,686
North Carolina – 8,451
Colorado – 3,875
Georgia – 3,407
Washington – 3,050
Oregon – 2,729
Florida – 1,856
Texas 1,713
Arkansas – 1,580
Oklahoma – 1,471
Tennessee – 1,230
South Carolina – 1,188
Massachusetts – 1,192
Illinois – 1,074
Rhode Island – 830
Hawaii – 773
Missouri – 724
Alaska – 694
Indiana – 532
Utah – 485
Arizona – 63
Iowa – 53
Virginia – 41
Alabama – 0
Connecticut – 0
District of Columbia – 0
Kansas – 0
Link to Info about current Hmong population in Kansas City, Kansas area
Louisiana – 0
Maryland – 0
Nebraska – 0
Nevada – 0
New Hampshire – 0
New Jersey – 0
New York – 0
Ohio – 0
Pennsylvania – 0
Wyoming – NA
Puerto Rico – NA

2006 American Community Survey,
B02006. ASIAN ALONE BY SELECTED GROUPS - Universe: TOTAL ASIAN ALONE
POPULATION

Hmong Profile
2006 American Community Survey (Total U.S. Population Figures in Parentheses)
(Detailed Hmong data is at this link)

U.S. Population
Total Population = 209,866

Age
Median Age = 19.1 (36.4)

Average Household Size
5.36 Persons (2.61)

Divorce Rate (Persons 15 Years and Over)
% Divorced = 3.7% (10.5%)

Educational Attainment (Persons 25 Years and Over)
% Bachelor’s Degree  = 10.4%(17.1%)
% Graduate or Professional Degree = 2.2% (9.9%)

Period of Arrival in U.S.
Entered 2000 or later = 11.9%
Entered 1990 to 1999 = 28.7%
Entered before 1990 = 59.4%

Language Spoken at Home (Persons 5 Years and Over)
English Only = 5.8%
Language Other than English = 94.2%
Speak English “Less than Very Well” = 42.6%

Occupation (Civilian employed population 16 Years and Over)
Management, Professional and Related Occupations = 20.0% (34.0%)
Service Occupations = 16.2% (16.5%)
Sales and Office Occupations = 23.4% (25.9%)
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations = 0.9% (0.7%)
Construction, Extraction, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations = 4.5% (10.0%)
Production, Transportation, and Material Moving Occupations = 35.0% (13.0%)

Income
Median Family Income = $42,875 ($58,526)
Poverty Rate (All Families)  = 26.4% (9.8%)

Housing Tenure
Owner Occupied Housing Units = 54.1% (67.3%)
Renter Occupied Housing Units = 45.9% (32.7%)

S0201. Selected Population Profile in the United States
Population Group: Hmong Alone or in any combination
Data Set: 2006 American Community Survey
Survey: 2006 American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau


2006 American Community Survey Profile of
Lao-Americans Released

By Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

In September 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau released 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) figures
for Lao Americans. The ACS data are now being released annually.   It should be noted that the survey
is only given to a sample of the U.S. population as opposed to the census which is intended to be
administered to all U.S. households every 10 years. Despite this weakness, the availability of annual
ACS data does provide for the first time a wealth of frequently updated data pertaining to racial, ethnic,
and ancestral groups in the United States including Lao-Americans.

The top 10 states for Lao Americans according to the 2006 ACS were California (65,874), Texas
(13,174), Minnesota (12,717), Washington (11,331), Tennessee (7,466), Massachusetts (7,293),
Wisconsin (7,292), Kansas (6,392), North Carolina (5,065), and Illinois (4,847). The total estimated Lao
population in the U.S. according to the 2006 ACS was 216,789.

The 2006 ACS estimates that the median age of Lao-Americans was 27.8 years (compared to about 36
years among all Americans). The average size of Lao-American households was 4.10 persons compared
to 2.6 among the entire U.S. population. The divorce rate among the Lao-American population was 5.3%
compared to more than 10% among all Americans over 15 years of age. According to the 2006 ACS
figures, the percentage of Lao Americans with a Bachelor’s Degree was 9.3% compared to 17.1%
among the entire American population. The 2006 ACS figures show that just under 19% of foreign-born
Lao arrived in the U.S. after 1990 while more than 80% of the population came to the U.S. before this
time.

More than 85% of Lao-Americans reported speaking a language other than English at home. In addition,
the 2006 ACS figures show a very strong concentration of employed Lao-American adults (almost 40%)
working in Manufacturing jobs (Production, Transportation, and Materials Moving Occupations). The
enumerated 2006 ACS data put the median Lao-American family income at $57,000, very close to the U.
S. average of $58,000. The poverty rate among Lao-American families was 10%, very close to the U.S.
average of 9.8%. According to the 2006 ACS, 49.7% of Lao-Americans live in owner-occupied housing
units, while 50.3% of the population resides in renter-occupied housing.

Lao Population Estimates
2006 American Community Survey

California – 65,874
Texas – 13,174
Minnesota – 12,717
Washington – 11,331
Tennessee – 7,466
Massachusetts – 7,293
Wisconsin – 7,292
Kansas – 6,392
North Carolina – 5,065
Illinois – 4,847
Michigan – 4,376
Georgia – 4,000
Florida – 3,875
Arkansas – 3,788
Connecticut – 3,708
Ohio – 2,974
Iowa – 2,787
Oregon – 2,631
Arizona – 2,033
Nevada – 2,012
Alabama – 1,876
Utah – 1,826
Rhode Island – 1,788
Louisiana – 1,464
Colorado – 1,436
Oklahoma – 1,379
Hawaii – 1,345
Virginia – 1,341
Maryland – 1,303
Alaska – 1,235
New York – 1,163
Pennsylvania – 1,100
Nebraska – 738
Missouri – 561
Indiana – 568
South Carolina – 326
New Jersey – 185
District of Columbia – 0
New Hampshire – 0
Wyoming – NA
Puerto Rico – NA

2006 American Community Survey, B02006. ASIAN ALONE BY SELECTED GROUPS - Universe: TOTAL
ASIAN ALONE POPULATION

Lao Profile
2006 American Community Survey
Detailed Lao Data is at this link

Total U.S. Population
216,789

Age
Median Age = 27.8 (36.4)

Average Household Size
4.10 Persons (2.61)

Divorce Rate (Persons 15 Years and Over)
% Divorced = 5.3% (10.5%)

Educational Attainment (Persons 25 Years and Over)
% Bachelor’s Degree  = 9.3% (17.1%)
% Graduate or Professional Degree = 1.8% (9.9%)

Period of Arrival in U.S.
Entered 2000 or later = 4.5%
Entered 1990 to 1999 = 14.1%
Entered before 1990 = 81.4%

Language Spoken at Home (Persons 5 Years and Over)
English Only = 14.6%
Language Other than English = 85.4%
Speak English “Less than Very Well” = 43.7%

Occupation (Civilian employed population 16 Years and Over)
Management, Professional and Related Occupations = 16.4 % (34.0%)
Service Occupations = 17.3% (16.5%)
Sales and Office Occupations = 19.9% (25.9%)
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations =  0.7% (0.7%)
Construction, Extraction, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations = 7.0% (10.0%)
Production, Transportation, and Material Moving Occupations = 38.7% (13.0%)

Income
Median Family Income = $57,471 ($58,526)
Poverty Rate (All Families)  = 10% (9.8%)

Housing Tenure
Owner Occupied Housing Units =  49.7% (67.3%)
Renter Occupied Housing Units =  50.3% (32.7%)

S0201. Selected Population Profile in the United States
Population Group: Lao Alone or in any combination
Data Set: 2006 American Community Survey
Survey: 2006 American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau (Total U.S. Figures in Parentheses)


2006 American Community Survey Profile of
Cambodian-Americans Released

By Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

In September 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau released 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) figures
for Cambodian Americans. The ACS data are now being released annually.   It should be noted that the
survey is only given to a sample of the U.S. population as opposed to the census which is intended to be
administered to all U.S. households every 10 years. Despite this weakness, the availability of annual
ACS data does provide for the first time a wealth of frequently updated data pertaining to racial, ethnic,
and ancestral groups in the United States including Cambodian-Americans.

The top 10 states for Cambodian Americans according to the 2006 ACS were California (86,700),
Massachusetts (22,106), Washington (13,055), Texas (11,646), Minnesota (7,790), Pennsylvania
(6,787), Virginia (6,153), New York (5,720), Rhode Island (5,030), and Georgia (4,592). The total
estimated Cambodian population in the U.S. according to the 2006 ACS was 238,943.

The 2006 ACS estimates that the median age of Cambodian-Americans was 25.9 years (compared to
about 36 years among all Americans). The average size of Cambodian households was 3.90 persons
compared to 2.6 among the entire U.S. population. According to the 2006 ACS figures, the percentage
of Cambodian Americans with a Bachelor’s Degree was 11.0% compared to 17.1% among the entire
American population. The 2006 ACS figures show that about 24% of foreign-born Cambodians arrived in
the U.S. after 1990 while ¾ of the population came to the U.S. before this time.

About 80% of Cambodian-Americans reported speaking a language other than English at home. In
addition, the 2006 ACS figures show a concentration of Cambodian-Americans in Manufacturing jobs
(Production, Transportation, and Materials Moving Occupations), and Sales and Office Occupations.
The enumerated 2006 ACS data put the median Cambodian-American family income at $47,000. The
poverty rate among Cambodian-American families was 16%. The 2006 ACS also makes apparent the
ongoing gains of Cambodian-Americans in homeownership. A majority of Cambodian households now
own their own homes (52.9%).


Cambodian Population Estimates
2006 American Community Survey

California – 86,700
Massachusetts – 22,106
Washington – 13,055
Texas – 11,646
Minnesota – 7,790
Pennsylvania – 6,787
Virginia – 6,153
New York – 5,720
Rhode Island – 5,030
Georgia – 4,592
Ohio – 4,586
Florida – 3,752
Illinois – 2,839
Maryland – 2,827
Oregon – 2,819
Tennessee – 2,808
Michigan – 2,298
North Carolina – 2,105
Connecticut – 1,968
Utah – 1,799
Colorado – 1,771
Indiana – 1,342
Arizona – 1308
Louisiana – 1,187
Iowa – 1,006
Nebraska – 917
Missouri – 863
New Jersey – 821
Nevada – 766
Alabama – 559
Kansas – 541
Oklahoma – 460
Alaska – 407
South Carolina – 350
Wisconsin – 345
New Hampshire – 286
Hawaii – 63
Arkansas – 0
District of Columbia – 0
Wyoming – NA
Puerto Rico – NA
2006 American Community Survey,
B02006. ASIAN ALONE BY SELECTED GROUPS - Universe: TOTAL ASIAN ALONE
POPULATION


Cambodian Profile
2006 American Community Survey
Detailed Cambodian Data is at this link

Total U.S. Population = 238,943

Age
Median Age = 25.9 (36.4)

Average Household Size
3.90 Persons (2.61)

Divorce Rate (Persons 15 Years and Over)
% Divorced = 6.1% (10.5%)

Educational Attainment (Persons 25 Years and Over)
% Bachelor’s Degree  = 11.0% (17.1%)
% Graduate or Professional Degree = 2.6% (9.9%)

Period of Arrival in U.S.
Entered 2000 or later = 11.3%
Entered 1990 to 1999 = 13.1%
Entered before 1990 = 75.6%

Language Spoken at Home (Persons 5 Years and Over)
English Only = 19.8%
Language Other than English = 80.2%
Speak English “Less than Very Well” = 42.4%

Occupation (Civilian employed population 16 Years and Over)
Management, Professional and Related Occupations = 20.2% (34.0%)
Service Occupations = 18.9% (16.5%)
Sales and Office Occupations = 27.8% (25.9%)
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations =  0.1% (0.7%)
Construction, Extraction, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations =  6.3%
(10.0%)
Production, Transportation, and Material Moving Occupations =  26.6% (13.0%)

Income
Median Family Income = $47,136 ($58,526)
Poverty Rate (All Families)  = 16.4% (9.8%)

Housing Tenure
Owner Occupied Housing Units = 52.9% (67.3%)
Renter Occupied Housing Units =  47.1% (32.7%)

(Total U.S. Population Figures in Parentheses)
S0201. Selected Population Profile in the United States
Population Group: Cambodian Alone or in any combination
Data Set: 2006 American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau


2006 American Community Survey Profile of
Vietnamese-Americans Released

By Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD

In September 2007, the U.S. Census Bureau released 2006 American Community Survey (ACS) figures
for Vietnamese Americans. The ACS data are now being released annually.   It should be noted that the
survey is only given to a sample of the U.S. population as opposed to the census which is intended to be
administered to all U.S. households every 10 years. Despite this weakness, the availability of annual
ACS data does provide for the first time a wealth of frequently updated data pertaining to racial, ethnic,
and ancestral groups in the United States including Vietnamese-Americans.

The top 10 states for Vietnamese Americans according to the 2006 ACS were California (533,893),
Texas (184,096), Washington (68,308), Florida (54,204), Virginia (48,729), Massachusetts (47,121),
Georgia (44,830), New York (40,523), Pennsylvania (35,004), and Arizona (26,308).  The total estimated
Vietnamese population in the U.S. according to the 2006 ACS was 1,599,394.

The 2006 ACS estimates that the median age of Vietnamese-Americans was 34.1 years (compared to
about 36 years among all Americans). The average size of Vietnamese-American households was 3.40
persons compared to 2.6 among the entire U.S. population. The divorce rate among the Vietnamese-
American population was 5.5% compared to more than 10% among all Americans over 15 years of age.
According to the 2006 ACS figures, the percentage of Vietnamese Americans with a Bachelor’s Degree
was 18.8% compared to 17.1% among the entire American population. The 2006 ACS figures show that
more than 53% of foreign-born Vietnamese arrived in the U.S. after 1990 while around 46% of the
population came to the U.S. before this time.

Around 84% of Vietnamese-Americans reported speaking a language other than English at home. In
addition, the 2006 ACS figures show the largest concentration of employed Vietnamese-American adults
(around 30%) working in Management, Professional and Related Occupations. The enumerated 2006
ACS data put the median Vietnamese-American family income at $56,186, close to the U.S. average of
$58,000. The poverty rate among Vietnamese-American families was 11.3%, compared to the U.S.
average of 9.8%. According to the 2006 ACS, around 68% of Vietnamese-Americans resided in owner-
occupied housing units, while 32% of the population lived in renter-occupied housing. The enumerated
Vietnamese-American homeownership rate in 2006 was slightly higher than that for the U.S. population
as a whole.  


Vietnamese Population Estimates
2006 American Community Survey

California - 533,893
Texas - 184,096
Washington - 68,308
Florida - 54,204
Virginia - 48,729
Massachusetts - 47,121
Georgia - 44,830
New York - 40,523
Pennsylvania - 35,004
Arizona - 26,308
Louisiana - 24,887
Minnesota - 23,563
Maryland - 22,736
Michigan - 21,854
Illinois - 24,365
New Jersey - 24,251
Oregon - 23,875
North Carolina - 22,698
Colorado - 19,646
Ohio - 18,635
Missouri - 16,849
Oklahoma - 16,678
Kansas - 12,525
Hawaii - 9,564
Nevada - 9,238
Nebraska - 9,163
Alabama – 8,761
Connecticut - 8,324
Iowa - 8,274
Tennessee - 7,854
Indiana - 7,210
Utah - 6,944
South Carolina - 6,493
Wisconsin - 4,953
New Hampshire - 2,720
Arkansas - 2,488
District of Columbia - 2,083
Alaska – 1,537
Rhode Island - 1,017
Wyoming – N.A.
Puerto Rico – N.A.

2006 American Community Survey, B02006. ASIAN ALONE BY SELECTED GROUPS - Universe: TOTAL
ASIAN ALONE POPULATION

Vietnamese Profile
2006 American Community Survey
Detailed Vietnamese data is at this link

Total U.S. Population
1,599,394

Age
Median Age =  34.1 (36.4)

Average Household Size
3.40 Persons (2.61)

Divorce Rate (Persons 15 Years and Over)
% Divorced = 5.5% (10.5%)

Educational Attainment (Persons 25 Years and Over)
% Bachelor’s Degree  = 18.8% (17.1%)
% Graduate or Professional Degree =  7.4% (9.9%)

Period of Arrival in U.S.
Entered 2000 or later = 14.6%
Entered 1990 to 1999 = 38.8%
Entered before 1990 = 46.5%

Language Spoken at Home (Persons 5 Years and Over)
English Only = 16.2%
Language Other than English = 83.8%
Speak English “Less than Very Well” = 50.9%

Occupation (Civilian employed population 16 Years and Over)
Management, Professional and Related Occupations = 30.3% (34.0%)
Service Occupations =  24.1% (16.5%)
Sales and Office Occupations = 19.2% (25.9%)
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations =  0.5% (0.7%)
Construction, Extraction, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations =  5.8% (10.0%)
Production, Transportation, and Material Moving Occupations =  20.1% (13.0%)

Income
Median Family Income = $56,186 ($58,526)
Poverty Rate (All Families)  =  11.3% (9.8%)

Housing Tenure
Owner Occupied Housing Units =   67.8% (67.3%)
Renter Occupied Housing Units =  32.2% (32.7%)

S0201. Selected Population Profile in the United States
Population Group: Vietnamese Alone or in any combination
Data Set: 2006 American Community Survey
Survey: 2006 American Community Survey
U.S. Census Bureau