Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Usage

(Compiled by Mark E. Pfeifer, PhD)

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442-451.

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Geller, R. J., Alsop, J. A. (2005). ”Suicidal ingestions of metal polish cleaner in the Hmong community.” Clinical
Toxicology 43 (6): 744-745 2005

E.W. Wiewel (Et al). (2005). ``Injection Prevalence and Risks Among Male Ethnic Minority Drug Users in
Northern Thailand.” AIDS Care, 17(1)(January 2005): 102-110.

La Crosse County Health Department and La Crosse Area Hmong Mutual Assistance Association. (2004).
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Association.

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From Project EAT.” Journal of Adolescent Health 30: 243-252.

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Westermeyer, J. (1989). “An Epidemic of Opium Dependence Among Asian Refugees in Minnesota:
Characteristics and Causes.” British Journal of Addiction 84: 785-789.

Ekins, B.R., Rubio, E.L., Carson, R.S., Singh, P., Dowis, J., and D. Woods (1986). “Hmong Opiate Folk Remedy
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Westermeyer, J. (1985). “Hmong Drinking Practices in the United States: The Influence of Migration.” In The
American Experience with Alcohol: Contrasting Cultural Perspectives, ed. by L.A. Bennett and G. Ames, 373-
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Minnesota.”

Westermeyer, J. (1984). “Narcotic Addition in Two Asian Cultures: A Comparison and Analysis.” In Drug Use
and Abuse: A Guide to Research Findings. Vol. 1: Adults, ed. by G.A. Austin and M.L. Prendergast, 293-94.
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Journal of the Siam Society 67(2): 70-79.

Westermeyer, J. (1977). Narcotic Addiction in two Asian Cultures: A Comparison and Analysis. Drug and
Alcohol Dependence 2(4): 273-285.

Westermeyer, J. (1974). Opium Smoking in Laos: A Survey of 40 Addicts. American Journal of Pschiatry 131:
165-170.

Westermeyer, J. (1971). The Use of Alcohol and Opium among by the Meo of Laos. American Journal of
Psychiatry 127: 59-63.

Geddes, William R. (1970). Opium and the Miao: A Study in Ecological Adjustment. Oceania 41(1):1-11.

Westermeyer, J. (1968). The Use of Alcohol and Opium Among Two Ethnic Groups in Laos. Unpublished
Master’s Thesis, University of Minnesota.