VIETNAMESE STUDIES INTERNET RESOURCE CENTER

QUARTERLY E-MAIL NEWSLETTER, FALL 2002

EDITOR: MARK E. PFEIFER, PHD, E-Mail: vstudies@yahoo.com

ABOUT THE VIETNAMESE STUDIES INTERNET RESOURCE CENTER:

The Vietnamese Studies Internet Resource Center (www.vstudies.org) is an online source of comprehensive
information related to the cross-disciplinary field of Vietnamese Studies. It includes an online journal, an online
research article library, extensive subject bibliographies and census data.

REVIEW OF VIETNAMESE STUDIES 2002 EDITION NOW ONLINE:

The Vietnamese Studies Internet Resource Center (www.vstudies.org) is pleased to announce the publication of
the 2002 issue of the online Review of Vietnamese Studies.

Articles in the 2002 volume of the Review of Vietnamese Studies include:

Pilgrimage of the Spirit: Connecting with my Ancestors by Jonathan Lee

Between Two Cultures: Struggles of Vietnamese American Adolescents by Peter Van Do

Vietnam: Cultural Background for ESL/EFL Teachers by Tuong Hung Nguyen

Vietnamese Foster Grandparents by Lyndon Drew, PhD

Vietnamese Expatriates: Challenges and Opportunities by Le Xuan Khoa

All articles are available in both HTML and PDF File formats.

RESEARCH UPDATE/RECENTLY PUBLISHED WORKS IN VIETNAMESE STUDIES:

Key: AU = AUTHOR, TI = TITLE, SO = SOURCE, BP = BEGINNING PAGE, EP = ENDING PAGE, PG: NUMBER
OF PAGES, PY = YEAR OF PUBLICATION, PD = DATE OF PUBLICATION, VL = VOLUME, IS = ISSUE NUMBER

Socio-cultural Adaptation of the Vietnamese diaspora

AU: Phinney, JS Baumann, K Blanton, S TI: Life goals and attributions for expected outcomes among
adolescents from five ethnic groups SO: HISPANIC JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES BP: 363 EP: 377 PG:
15 PY: 2001 PD: NOV VL: 23 IS: 4 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: This study explored the relationships among life
goals and attributions for outcomes among 371 adolescents (mean age 14.8 years)from five American ethnic
groups: Armenian, Vietnamese, Mexican American, European American, and African American. Adolescents
responded to open-ended questions regarding their future goals, expectation of reaching their goals, and
attributions for the expected outcome. Results showed that most adolescents set high goals and expected to
reach them. Those who expected to reach their goals attributed the outcome more to effort and less to external
factors than did those who did not expect success. Compared to European American adolescents, minority
group adolescents attributed outcomes more to effort and less to ability. This finding by the researchers may
reflect their belief that they need to work harder to overcome obstacles and stereotypes.

AU: Su, LJ Nguyen, SV Nguyen, LT Hinh, P Lin, HY Scribner, R TI: Level of acculturation and the use of alcoholic
beverage and tobacco products in Vietnamese American population. SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
EPIDEMIOLOGY BP: 304 PG: 1 PY: 2002 PD: JUN 1 VL: 155 IS: 11 NO ABSTRACT SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Tomlins, R Johnson, MRD Owen, D TI: The resource of ethnicity in the housing careers and preferences of
the Vietnamese communities in London SO: HOUSING STUDIES BP: 505 EP: 519 PG: 15 PY: 2002 PD: MAY VL:
17 IS: 3 This paper briefly outlines the housing careers of Vietnamese households since their arrival in the UK in
the late 1970s and draws on a series of focus groups to examine the role that ethnicity has played, and may
continue to play, in their housing careers. The researchers note that the first arrivals lacked the infrastructure of
an existing Vietnamese community in the UK and were further disadvantaged by the dispersal policy adopted by
the voluntary agencies responsible for their resettlement. The research indicates that ethnicity has been a
crucial influence on the housing careers of Vietnamese households, and in particular on the location of the
communities. It is argued that it is essential that researchers should pay ample attention to the role of ethnicity
as a resource and a constraint within a housing career.

AU: Tran, QH TI: Vietnamese music in exile since 1975 and musical life in Vietnam since perestroika SO:
WORLD OF MUSIC BP: 103 EP: 112 PG: 10 PY: 2001 VL: 43 IS: 2-3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The exile of some
millions of Vietnamese refugees after the fall of Saigon in 1975 gave birth to a new type of music outside of
Vietnam. Traditional music has been in regression because of the lack of interest among youngsters. Pop music,
on the other hand, is flourishing, especially in the United States, where there is a big concentration of
Vietnamese emigrants. Contemporary Vietnamese music in the Western idiom is in its early stages. In Vietnam,
pop music has come back since around 1990, with perestroika. Traditional music has also gained in popularity
due to the efforts made by the Institute of Musicology (Vien Am nhac) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and
thanks to a number of festivals organized in major cities.

AU: Weis, L Centrie, C TI: On the power of separate spaces: Teachers and students writing (righting) selves and
future SO: AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH JOURNAL BP: 7 EP: 36 PG: 30 PY: 2002 PD: SPR VL: 39 IS:
1 Abstract Summary: The debate on segregated and desegregated schools generally has been framed as an
either-or matter, and in fact, legally, this has been the case. What has not been investigated to any great extent
are programs within already desegregated schools that serve an identifiable population of students for the
express purpose of cultural affirmation and advancement of the targeted group. In this article the researchers
provide data that attest to the potential power of such spaces, investigating a girls' group in an urban magnet
school and a homeroom set aside for Vietnamese students in a neighborhood-based urban comprehensive
school. Using ethnographic data, the authors articulate both the power of such spaces and the contradictory
impulses within such arrangements.

Health, Medicine and Science

AU: Lauderdale, DS Kestenbaum, B TI: Mortality rates of elderly Asian American populations based on medicare
and social security data SO: DEMOGRAPHY BP: 529 EP: 540 PG: 12 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 39 IS: 3
ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The authors present sex- and age-specific death probabilities for the elderly of six Asian
American subgroups-Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese- based on data from Social
Security, Administration files. The researchers determined ethnicity by combining race, place of birth, surname,
and given name. The authors found that death rates for elderly Asian Americans were lower than those for
whites, and that socioeconomic differences between subgroups did not translate into like differences in mortality.

AU: Ma, GX Tan, Y Feeley, RM Thomas, P TI: Perceived risks of certain types of cancer and heart disease
among Asian American smokers and non-smokers SO: JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH BP: 233 EP: 246
PG: 14 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 27 IS: 4 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: This study assessed knowledge levels of health
risks of tobacco use among the Asian American (AA) community in the Delaware Valley region of Pennsylvania
and New Jersey, including metropolitan Philadelphia. Ten questions were asked to determine the knowledge
level of the sample population. The authors’ results indicated that the vast majority of respondents (82.2%)
recognized the association between smoking and increased risk of developing various types of cancers and
heart disease. Between 81.3% and 93.3% of respondents recognized the increased risk for lung, mouth, throat
and esophageal cancer and heart disease. For these variables, there were statistically significant differences
between the ethnic groups: Koreans were the most knowledgeable, followed by Chinese, Vietnamese, and
Cambodians. For bladder, pancreatic, cervical, and kidney cancers, the percentage of respondents indicating
an association between these cancers and smoking ranged from 49.2 to 56.8. There were no statistically
significant differences among the four ethnic groups for these variables. Generally, however, the researchers’
results showed that the awareness level was higher among women and the more educated respondents, non-
smokers and former smokers, and Chinese and Korean groups.

AU: Ikeda, JP Pham, L Nguyen, KP Mitchell, RA TI: Culturally relevant nutrition education improves dietary quality
among WIC-eligible Vietnamese immigrants SO: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND BEHAVIOR BP:
151 EP: 158 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: MAY-JUN VL: 34 IS: 3 No Abstract Summary Available.

AU: Kinzie, JD Boehnlein, JK Riley, C Sparr, L TI: The effects of September 11 on traumatized refugees:
Reactivation of posttraumatic stress disorder SO: JOURNAL OF NERVOUS AND MENTAL DISEASE BP: 437 EP:
441 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: JUL VL: 190 IS: 7 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: Secondary traumatization from the tragic
events of September 11, 2001 was studied among an ethnically diverse group of refugees who had been
previously traumatized in their native war torn countries. A brief clinically oriented questionnaire was developed
and administered to a clinic population of Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, Bosnian and Somalian refugees in
the Intercultural Psychiatric Program at Oregon Health & Science University. Traumatic symptoms and
responses to the widely televised images from September 11 were assessed among the five ethnic groups, and
the differential responses among patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and
schizophrenia also were assessed. Although patients largely returned to their baseline clinical status after two to
three months, this study shows that crosscultural reactivation of trauma has a significant clinical impact. The
researchers argue that it is essential that clinicians anticipate PTSD symptom reactivation among refugees when
they are reexposed to significant traumatic stimuli.

AU: Patel, PA Voigt, MD TI: Prevalence and interaction of hepatitis B and latent tuberculosis in Vietnamese
immigrants to the United States SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY BP: 1198 EP: 1203 PG:
6 PY: 2002 PD: MAY VL: 97 IS: 5 No Abstract Summary Available.

AU: Ngo-Metzger, O Massagli, MP Clarridge, BR Moorhead, JL Phillips, RS TI: Chinese and Vietnamese-
American patients evaluation of care. SO: JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE BP: 164 EP: 165 PG: 2
PY: 2002 PD: APR VL: 17 No Abstract Summary Available.

AU: Chen, XG Unger, JB Palmer, P Weiner, MD Johnson, CA Wong, MM Austin, G TI Prior cigarette smoking
initiation predicting current alcohol use: Evidence for a gateway drug effect among California adolescents from
eleven ethnic groups SO: ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS BP: 799 EP: 817 PG: 19 PY: 2002 PD: SEP-OCT VL: 27 IS: 5
ABSTRACT SUMMARY: Gateway drug theory provides a useful framework for understanding drug use among
adolescent populations. Studies have reported a gateway effect of cigarette smoking on alcohol use among
adolescents; but there is a lack of knowledge regarding ethnic differences in this effect. Using data from a cross-
sectional survey in California, 11,239 subjects (46.3% male) from 31 high schools with at least 25% of total
enrollment of Asian and at least 200 students with Asian ancestry entered the analysis. The author’s comparison
of 11 ethnic groups (including Vietnamese) indicated that adolescents from different groups but with similar
cultural backgrounds had a similar risk level; such patterns existed after controlling for acculturation, parents'
monitoring, and school performance. The risk ratio did not differ by gender and grade. There was also an
association between prior cigarette smoking initiation and current alcohol use among adolescents from different
ethnic backgrounds, including those of multiethnicity, which supports the generalizability of gateway drug effect
of cigarette smoking on alcohol use. Studies should be conducted to investigate factors attributable to the ethnic
variations of this association.

AU: Au, C TI: Cultural factors in preventive care: Asian-Americans SO: PRIMARY CARE BP: 495 EP: 594 PG: 9
PY: 2002 PD: SEP VL: 29 IS: 3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The Asian-American population in the United States
continues to grow rapidly. In 1990, there were 6.6 million Asian Americans in this country; representing 2.7% of
the population. The 2000 Census showed the Asian population has grown to 10.1 million, now 3.6% of the
population. A breakdown of the major ethnic groups revealed: Chinese 24%, Filipino 18%, Asian-Indians 16%,
Vietnamese 11%, Koreans 10%, and Japanese 8%. According to the 1990 Census, 66% of the Asian-American
population was foreign- born, 40% reported that they do not speak English 'very-well', and 25% were in
linguistically isolated households. Due to the differences in their ethnic background, language barriers, cultural
beliefs, socioeconomic status and distrust in Western medicine, the author documents some important ways in
which providing care to this population constitutes a formidable challenge for primary care clinicians.

AU: Nguyen, DN O'Connell, MB TI: Asian and Asian-American college students' awareness of osteoporosis SO:
PHARMACOTHERAPY BP: 1047 EP: 1054 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 22 IS: 8 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: This
study’s objective was quantify Asian and Asian-American college students' knowledge of osteoporosis and
preventive health behaviors. Women (p=0.011) and the United States-born participants in this study conducted
in Minnesota (p=0.006) were more apt to change their health behaviors to prevent or treat osteoporosis than
men and Asia- born participants. Thirty-eight percent of Hmong participants attributed osteoporosis to fate,
chance, or luck whereas Vietnamese participants were more likely to attribute osteoporosis to diet. Most
participants (63%) did not know whether their culture objected to estrogen replacement therapy, and 42% said
menopause was a natural occurrence for which pharmacologic treatment should not be administered.
Conclusions. Many Asian and Asian-American college students did not practice health behaviors to prevent
osteoporosis, and most lacked sufficient knowledge about the condition.

AU: Shimada, I Brinkmann, B Tuyen, NQ Hohoff, C TI: Allele frequency data for 16 STR loci in the Vietnamese
population SO: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LEGAL MEDICINE BP: 246 EP: 248 PG: 3 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL:
116 IS: 4 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The short tandem repeat systems ACTBP2, D3S1358, TH01, D21S11,
D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1179, TPOX and FGA
were studied by the authors in a population sample from Vietnam (178 individuals, mainly from the Hanoi area).
The 16 loci met Hardy-Weinberg expectations and possess a combined power of discrimination greater than
0.9999999999999999998 and a combined power of exclusion greater than 0.99999994 in this Vietnamese
population.

AU: Whittaker, M TI: Negotiating care: Reproductive tract infections in Vietnam SO: WOMEN & HEALTH BP: 43
EP: 57 PG: 15 PY: 2002 VL: 35 IS: 4 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: Through case studies of two women, this paper
uses a taskonomy approach to analyze rural Vietnamese women's narratives of reproductive tract infection
prevention and treatment to illustrate care seeking, health practice and the pragmatism of their action. The
research is based upon ethnographic research undertaken by the author between 1995 and 1997 in a rural
district in northern Vietnam. This exploration illustrates the complexities of women's rationalities and the web of
influences upon their choices-the health seeking culture as practiced. The women's narratives are also placed
within the broader context of gender, power and health systems that structure their decision making. The author
discusses how social and economic resource factors influence the choices women make regarding when to
begin treatment for vaginal discharge and where to seek care. She concludes that women use their
understanding of the relationships between health, living conditions and diseases on a day-to-day basis and
that the practice of managing infections is mediated by concepts of body, self and the body politic in Vietnam.

AU: Go, VFL Quan, VM Chung, A Zenilman, J Hanh, VTM Celentano, D TI: Gender gaps, gender traps: sexual
identity and vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases among women in Vietnam SO: SOCIAL SCIENCE &
MEDICINE BP: 467 EP: 481 PG: 15 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 55 IS: 3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The authors
conducted a qualitative study to explore the pathways by which traditional gender roles may ultimately affect
Vietnamese women's interpretation of sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms and health-seeking
strategies. The researchers conclude that community level interventions that work towards disassociating STDs
from traditional social norms may enable Vietnamese women to report possible STD symptoms and promote
diagnosis and care for STDs.

AU: Gammeltoft, T TI: Seeking trust and transcendence: sexual risk-taking among Vietnamese youth SO:
SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE BP: 483 EP: 496 PG: 14 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 55 IS: 3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY:
This paper contends that sexuality research has paid far too limited attention to the phenomenology of sexual
experience, thus failing to recognize the importance of embodied sensory experience for sexual perceptions and
practices in general and for sexual risk-taking in particular. In order to comprehend the cultural rationales of
sexual risk-taking among urban Vietnamese youth, the researcher provides an analysis which combines a
detailed attention to the phenomenology of sexual experience with a social analysis of the wider socio-economic
contexts within which sexual practices are embedded.

AU: Rekart, ML TI: Sex in the city: sexual behaviour, societal change, and STDs in Saigon SO: SEXUALLY
TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS BP: I47 EP: I54 PG 8 PY: 2002 PD: APR VL: 78 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: HIV
infection is increasing among sex workers and injection drug users in southern Vietnam. Vietnamese sex workers
returning from Cambodia are an important factor. This phase I growth stage is being accelerated by widespread
prostitution and escalating heroin use. Sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates are significant in sex workers
but low in the general population. STD epidemics in developing countries may not follow the dynamic topology
that is common in developed countries. The author argues that Vietnam has the potential for significant HIV and
STD epidemics but also the capacity to respond to these threats.

AU: Wills, BA Oragui, EE Stephens, AC Daramola, OA Dung, NM Loan, HT Chau, NV Chambers, M Stepniewska,
K Farrar, JJ Levin, M TI: Coagulation abnormalities in dengue hemorrhagic fever: Serial investigations in 167
Vietnamese children with dengue shock syndrome SO: CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES BP: 277 EP: 285 PG:
9 PY: 2002 PD: AUG 1 VL: 35 IS: 3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The pathophysiological basis of hemorrhage in
dengue infections remains poorly understood, despite the increasing global importance of these infections. A
large prospective study of 167 Vietnamese children with dengue shock syndrome documented only minor
prolongations of prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times but moderate to severe depression of plasma
fibrinogen concentrations.

AU: Barcus, MJ Hien, TT White, NJ Laras, K Farrar, J Schwartz, IK Corwin, A Baird, JK TI: Short report: Hepatitis
B infection and severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Vietnamese adults SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE BP: 140 EP: 142 PG: 3 PY: 2002 PD: FEB VL: 66 IS: 2 ABSTRACT
SUMMARY: The authors investigated the prevalence of infection with hepatitis B virus among adult Vietnamese
patients hospitalized for severe malaria. We investigated the prevalence of infection with hepatitis B virus among
adult Vietnamese patients hospitalized for severe malaria. Sera from patients admitted with severe malaria in Ho
Chi Minh City, Vietnam, between May 1991 and January 1996 were assayed for hepatitis B surface antigen (HB,
Ag) by a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit.

AU: Hijikata, M Hayashi, S Trinh, NT Ha, LD Ohara, H Shimizu, YK Keicho, N Yoshikura, H TI: Genotyping of
hepatitis E virus from Vietnam SO: INTERVIROLOGY BP: 101 EP: 104 PG: 4 PY: 2002 PD: MAR-APR VL: 45 IS:
2 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: To identify the genotype of Vietnamese isolates of human hepatitis E virus (HEV),
phylogenetic analysis was performed by the researchers for the open reading frame (ORF) 1 and ORF2
nucleotide sequences of the viral genome. HEV was detected by RT-PCR in 9 out of 141 sera collected from
patients with a diagnosis of acute sporadic hepatitis in Hanoi, Vietnam.

AU: Love, RR Duc, NB Allred, DC Binh, NC Van Dinh, N Kha, NN Van Thuan, T Mohsin, SK Roanh, LD Khang,
HX Tran, TL Quy, TT Van Thuy, N The, PN Cau, TT Tung, ND Huong, DT Quang, LM Hien, NN Thuong, L Shen,
TZ Xin, Y Zhang, Q Havighurst, TC Yang, YF Hillner, BE Demets, DL TI: Oophorectomy and tamoxifen adjuvant
therapy in premenopausal Vietnamese and Chinese women with operable breast cancer SO: JOURNAL OF
CLINICAL ONCOLOGY BP: 2559 EP: 2566 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: MAY 15 VL: 20 IS: 10 No Abstract Summary
Available.

AU: Chang, AR Sewell, H TI: Cervical cytology screening in Vietnamese asylum seekers in a Hong kong
detention center - Population demographics and historical perspectives SO: ACTA CYTOLOGICA BP: 475 EP:
480 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: MAY-JUN VL: 46 IS: 3 No Abstract Summary Available.

Physical Environment and Science

AU: Garnier, V Giuliani, G Maluski, H Ohnenstetter, D Trong, TP Quang, VH Van, LP Van, TV Schwarz, D TI:
Phlogopites from marble-hosted ruby deposits in northern Vietnam: evidence for Cenozoic ruby formation SO:
CHEMICAL GEOLOGY BP: 33 EP: 49 PG: 17 PY: 2002 PD: AUG 30 VL: 188 IS: 1-2 ABSTRACT SUMMARY:
Ruby growth in phlogopite-bearing marbles was indirectly dated by the authors using the Ar-40/Ar-39 laser
stepwise heating technique on purified syngenetic phlogopite and other micas from ruby deposits in Yen Bai,
Luc Yen and Quy Chan mining districts, in northern Vietnam. The authors conclude Vietnamese ruby formation
is linked to Cenozoic tectonics resulting from continental collision between the Asian and Eurasian plates as for
other marble-hosted ruby deposits in Central and Southeast Asia.

AU: Park, JN Watanabe, T Endoh, K Watanabe, K Abe, H TI: Taste-active components in a Vietnamese fish
sauce SO: FISHERIES SCIENCE BP: 913 EP: 920 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 68 IS: 4 ABSTRACT SUMMARY:
Taste-active components were determined by the authors for a typical first- grade Vietnamese fish sauce Nuoc
mam, of which total content of extractive compounds reached as high as 20g/100 mL. A complete synthetic
extract prepared from 35 compounds according to the analytical data reproduced almost satisfactorily the taste
of the original fish sauce. From the synthetic extract, 11 compounds were identified to be the taste-active
components by a series of omission and addition tests. The components consisted of glutamic and aspartic
acids, threonine, alanine, valine, histidine, proline, tyrosine, cystine, methionine, and pyroglutamic acid. The
most effective compound for recreating the characteristic flavor of fish sauce was glutamic acid, followed by
pyroglutamic acid and alanine. Many of these components contribute to umami, sweetness, and overall taste of
fish sauce. Even though the simplified 11-component extract reproduced the taste of fish sauce, the taste
strength was weaker than that of the complete synthetic extract or fish sauce itself.

AU: Fahlen, A TI: Mixed tree-vegetative barrier designs: Experiences from project works in northern Vietnam SO:
LAND DEGRADATION & DEVELOPMENT BP: 307 EP: 329 PG: 23 PY: 2002 PD: JUL-AUG VL: 13 IS: 4
ABSTRACT SUMMARY: There has been an increased interest in the use of vegetative barriers in acid-infertile
upland management systems in Southeast Asia. This paper analyses the experimental designs and policies in
early-1990s of using vetiver grass barriers (Vetiveria zizanioides L.) in microwatersheds with short- rotation tree
plantations in Vinh Phu Province, Vietnam. The institutional changes in land allocation policies (securing long-
term usufruct users and transfer rights of agricultural and forest land) that took place in Vietnam in the early
1990s, in combination with a reorientation of programme policies to support needs of individuals and farmers'
households, are hypothesized to have contributed more to the 'regreening' of the hills, than any single
approaches of technical barrier designs by the Swedish-Vietnamese Forestry Co-operation Programme (FCP) in
northern Vietnam.

AU: Parkpian, P Leong, ST Laortanakul, P Phuong, NTK TI: The benefits and risks of using river sediment for
Vietnamese agriculture: A case study of the Nhieu Loc canal in Ho Chi Minh City SO: JOURNAL OF
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A- TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL
ENGINEERING BP: 1099 EP: 1122 PG: 24 PY: 2002 VL: 37 IS: 6 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: This study was
conducted to assess the potential of river sediment of the Nhieu Loc Canal for amendment of agricultural land
with respect to heavy metal mobilization. The mobility and concentration of bioavailable heavy metal containing
in the sediment were evaluated with the use of DTPA (diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid) extraction techniques.

Current Affairs in Vietnam

AU: Thomas, M TI: Out of control: Emergent cultural landscapes and political change in urban Vietnam SO:
URBAN STUDIES BP: 1611 EP: 1624 PG: 14 PY: 2002 PD: AUG VL: 39 IS: 9 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: This paper
plots the recent changes in the uses of public space in Hanoi, Vietnam. The author argues that the economic
and social changes in contemporary Vietnam have paved the way for a dramatic transformation in the ways in
which streets, pavements and markets are experienced and imagined by the populace. The efflorescence of
individual mobility, street-trading and public crowding around certain popular events has led to the emergence of
a distinct public sphere, one which is not immune from state control and censure but which is a flagrant rebuttal
of the state's appeal. The immediate struggles over space herald a new discursive arena for the contest over
Vietnamese national imagery as represented in cultural heritage and public space, memorials and state-
controlled events which the public are rapidly deserting. The paper concludes by suggesting that the everyday
cultural practices that have created a bustling streetlife in urban Vietnam will inevitably provide the vitality and
spectacle for the destabilisation of state control in a struggle for meanings in public space.

AU: Rydstrom, H TI: Sexed bodies, gendered bodies: Children and the body in Vietnam SO: WOMENS STUDIES
INTERNATIONAL FORUM BP: 359 EP: 372 PG: 14 PY: 2002 PD: MAY-JUN VL: 25 IS: 3 ABSTRACT SUMMARY:
This article examines how local Vietnamese ideas about female and male bodies, the patrilineage, and morality
intersect with one another and influence girls' and boys' different social positions. Local understandings of
female and male bodies crystallize the ways in which a child's body simultaneously is wrought socially (i.e. in
terms of 'gender') and biologically (i.e. in terms of 'sex'), both the notions of sex and gender have a history,
which is constructed discursively. In other words, both notions address the same question, which is namely, how
female and male bodies are rendered meaningful in time and space. Since the notions of sex and gender are
overlapping one another, this article suggests that we approach the human body as an analytical category that
can substitute the notions of sex and gender.

AU: Kilgour, A TI Vietnam, regional integration and the Asian financial crisis; Vietnamese and European
perspectives. SO: BIJDRAGEN TOT DE TAAL- LAND- EN VOLKENKUNDE BP: 116 EP: 117 PG: 2 PY: 2002 VL:
158 IS: 1 No Abstract Summary Available

AU: Zingerli, C TI: Vietnamese villages in transition; Background and consequences of reform policies in rural
Vietnam. SO: BIJDRAGEN TOT DE TAAL- LAND- EN VOLKENKUNDE BP: 143 EP: 144 PG: 2 PY: 2002 VL: 158
IS: 1 No Abstract Summary Available

AU: Toan, NV Trong, LN Hojer, B Persson, LA TI: Public health services use in a mountainous area, Vietnam:
implications for health policy SO: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH BP: 86 EP: 93 PG: 8 PY: 2002
VL: 30 IS: 2 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to describe the use of public health services in
different social and ethnic groups and to explore the implementation of user fee exemption in a mountainous
area in Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional household survey with a structured questionnaire and a four- week
diary were used to collect information on illnesses. health seeking behaviour and socioeconomic factors. Three
communes in a Mountainous district in Northern Vietnam were selected and a random sample of 1,452
individuals in 300 households was drawn by the researchers. It was found that there was a geographical inequity
in the use of public health services while there was relatively equal use of these services between social,
gender, and ethnic groups. The authors observed that long distance in combination with failure of the fee
exemption may increase inequity in use of health services in remote and isolated areas. These observations
contribute to the basis for implementation of the Vietnamese health policy, emphasizing efficiency and equity.

AU: Dixon, C Kilgour, A TI: State, capital, and resistance to globalisation in the Vietnamese transitional economy
SO: ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING A BP: 599 EP: 618 PG: 20 PY: 2002 PD: APR VL: 34 IS: 4 ABSTRACT
SUMMARY: The debate over the changing role and nature of the national state during the current period of
volatile economic globalisation has increasingly centred on the extent to which the nation-state can control the
forces of economic globalisation through domestic regulation and internationalising its activities while at the
same time experiencing increasing challenges to its authority from the rise of various localised forms of state
power. In general these debates have taken place within the context of states that are dominantly market
economies and are highly integrated into the international system. In this paper we examine the issues of
resistance to globalisation and the decomposition of the central state in the context of Vietnam. The authors
argue in this article that, as in the PRC (Peoples Republic of China), the development of elements of the market
economy and integration into the global system are taking place under the auspices of a still centrally planned,
single-party state, which continues to affirm its commitment to state control over the economy. It is proposed that
although this has enabled a considerable measure of control to be exerted over the forces of economic
globalisation, the processes of reform and related economic growth and participation in the global economy are
undermining the authority of the central state. This is increasingly reducing the effectiveness of the central
Vietnamese state as power shifts to more local structures

Vietnamese Culture and History

AU: Le, B TI: 'Sai Gon Van Moc Len' (Poem in Vietnamese) SO: AMERASIA JOURNAL BP: 167 EP: 170 PG: 4
PY: 2001 VL: 27 IS: 2 No Abstract Summary Available.

AU: Goscha, CE TI: Tardy allies: The technical contributions of Japanese deserters to the Viet-Minh during the
early years of the Franco- Vietnamese war SO: GUERRES MONDIALES ET CONFLITS CONTEMPORAINS BP:
81 EP: 109 PG: 29 PY: 2001 PD: APR-SEP IS: 202-03 ABSTRACT SUMMARY: The role of Asians in the Franco-
Vietnamese war for Vietnam has often been neglected. If the Japanese presence in Indochina between 1940
and 1945 is well known, one often forgets that the defeat of the Japanese in August 1945 did not necessarily
end the Japanese presence, in Vietnam in particular. Following the Japanese capitulation, hundreds of men,
private soldiers as well as a handful of officers, crossed over to the Viet-Minh ranks. Their motives for doing so
were very diverse, as were their contributions. This article examines the technical, economic and military
contributions of these Japanese who crossed over to the Viet-Minh during the early years of the Franco-
Vietnamese war. Given the fragility of the Vietnamese army, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam used the
foreign contributions to make up for its own military shortcomings and, on the other hand, to deal with the
technical and military superiority of its enemy. By welcoming the Japanese recruits, the new Vietnamese state
tried to make up for the technical and military gap dividing its army from the French one it faced. The author
argues that the Japanese cross-overs also help us to understand better the diverse roles played by Asian
participants in a conflict that extended far beyond Vietnam, and even Indochina.