VIETNAMESE STUDIES INTERNET RESOURCE CENTER

QUARTERLY E-MAIL NEWSLETTER, WINTER/SPRING 2003

EDITOR: MARK E. PFEIFER, PHD, E-Mail: vstudies@yahoo.com

ABOUT THE VIETNAMESE STUDIES INTERNET RESOURCE CENTER:

The Vietnamese Studies Internet Resource Center (www.vstudies.org) is an online source of comprehensive
information related to the cross-disciplinary field of Vietnamese Studies. It includes an online journal – The
Review of Vietnamese Studies, an online research article library, extensive subject bibliographies and detailed
U.S.census data.

CENSUS DATA RELEASE UPDATE: The U.S. Census Bureau has pushed back the release of detailed 2000
socioeconomic, demographic and education data pertaining to Vietnamese-Americans, Cambodian-Americans,
Lao-Americans and Hmong-Americans several months. Summary File 4 is now scheduled to be released on the
U.S. Census website on a state-by-state basis between April and September 2003. Basic population numbers
(Summary File 1), as well as age distribution, gender distribution, homeownership, and household size data
(Summary File 2) for these groups has already been released. Further questions about accessing census data
may be sent to vstudies@yahoo.com

RECENT PUBLISHED RESEARCH

Key: AU = AUTHOR, TI = TITLE, SO = SOURCE, BP = BEGINNING PAGE, EP = ENDING PAGE, PG: NUMBER
OF PAGES, PY = YEAR OF PUBLICATION, PD = DATE OF PUBLICATION, VL = VOLUME, IS = ISSUE NUMBER

VIETNAMESE STUDIES

Sociocultural Adaptation of the Vietnamese Diaspora

AU: Haines, DW TI: “Binding the generations: Household formation patterns among Vietnamese refugees.” SO
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION REVIEW BP: 1194 EP: 1217 PG: 24 PY: 2002 PD: WIN VL: 36 IS: 4 SUMMARY:
Much of the analysis of refugee and immigrant adaptation has stressed the interaction of prior experience with
the requirements of life in a new country. For refugees, that interaction has often been jarring because of the
after-effects of their flight and their relative inability to prepare for a new life in a new country. Yet refugees
have often done rather well in economic terms in that new country. The reasons for that relative success have
been phrased in cultural terms (e.g., the predisposition toward education) and in general socioeconomic terms
(e.g., refugees as educated and skilled). This article examines a set of factors that lie between these customary
cultural and socioeconomic categories. Specifically, the paper examines key features of household formation
among Vietnamese refugees. An examination of historical data from southern Vietnam indicates patterns in
household formation that appear durable over time yet are not shared across the breadth of Vietnam and
cannot thus be viewed as "cultural" in the usual sense. A comparison of the historical data with recent national
survey data on refugees in the United States indicates that these patterns continue among Vietnamese
refugees and are - as compared to other refugees - distinctive to them. These patterns of household formation
provide Vietnamese refugees with important options in adaptation to a new country.

AU: Kim, RY TI: “Ethnic differences in academic achievement between Vietnamese and Cambodian children:
Cultural and structural explanations.” SO: SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY BP: 213 EP: 235 PG: 23 PY: 2002 PD:
SPR VL: 43 IS: 2 SUMMARY: Many Vietnamese and Cambodians fled war and communist takeover and entered
the United States as part of the largest refugee resettlement program in the country's history. Both of the
refugee groups traveled a great cultural distance and face similar barriers in adjusting to the United States.
Despite these similarities in settlement, the two groups are adapting differently; this is made evident in their
children's academic achievement. While the children of Vietnamese refugees seem to be successfully catching
up to the children of other more established Asian immigrants, Cambodian children are trailing. Using the 1992
and 1996 data from the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study, the author combines cultural and structural
explanations of educational achievement and immigrant adaptation to explain differences in academic
achievement between Vietnamese and Cambodian children

AU: Loukaitou-Sideris, A TI: “Regeneration of urban commercial strips: Ethnicity and space in three Los
Angeles neighborhoods.” SO: JOURNAL OF ARCHITECTURAL AND PLANNING RESEARCH BP: 334 EP: 350
PG: 17 PY: 2002 PD: WIN VL: 19 IS: 4 SUMMARY: This paper analyzes the physical, social, and economic
profile of three commercial strips that have been transformed by three different ethnic groups: the Latinos in
Huntington Park's Pacific Boulevard, the Chinese on Valley Boulevard in the city of San Gabriel, and the
Vietnamese in Little Saigon's Bolsa Avenue. The analysis includes three components: 1) it examines the
architectural representation and imagery of the strip to detail how the built environment is adapted or changed
to reflect ethnic identity; 2) it documents the social uses and processes encountered on the strip; and 3) it
examines the economics of the strip to understand the prospects and challenges faced by ethnic entrepreneurs.

AU: Valtonen, K TI: “The ethnic neighbourhood - A locus of empowerment for elderly immigrants.” SO:
INTERNATIONAL SOCIAL WORK BP: 315 EP + PG: 10 PY 2002 PD JUL VL 45 IS 3 SUMMARY: This article
focuses on elderly Vietnamese immigrants in Finland and on the ethnic neighbourhood as a spatial field of
empowerment for this group. Within stable social circles, diverse and overlapping patterns of interaction give
rise to so-called multiplex relations, which are seen to strengthen in a special way the bonds between the
elderly immigrants and their social circles, and to be a decisive factor in reducing the risk of loneliness. The
ethnic neighbourhood offers the opportunity for intermeshing relations that are an important source of security
for the elderly.

AU: Bui, HN TI: “Help-seeking behavior among abused immigrant women - A case of Vietnamese American
women.” SO: VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN BP: 207 EP: 239 PG: 33 PY: 2003 PD: FEB VL: 9 IS: 2 SUMMARY:
This tudy examines help-seeking behavior among abused Vietnamese American women to understand factors
associated with their decisions to seek help. Using a qualitative method and data obtained from in-depth
interviews with 34 abused Vietnamese American women selected from four different Vietnamese communities in
the United States (Orange County, CA; Houston, TX; Boston, MA; and Lansing, MI) and 11 Vietnamese
Americans who had contacts with Vietnamese American victims of domestic violence through their jobs, the
study found that abused Vietnamese American women have sought help from their personal networks, the
criminal justice system, and various victim service agencies. Data analyses suggest that the decisions of
Vietnamese American women to reach out are complex and diverse and are shaped by various structural,
cultural, and organizational factors. Acculturation on the part of abused women as well as victim services can
facilitate the women's efforts to seek help outside their personal networks.

AU: Pyke, KD Johnson, DL TI: “Asian American women and racialized femininities - "Doing" gender across
cultural worlds.” SO: GENDER & SOCIETY BP: 33 EP: 53 PG: 21 PY: 2003 PD: FEB VL: 17 IS: 1 SUMMARY:
This research analysis of interviews with 100 daughters of Korean and Vietnamese immigrants finds that
respondents narratively construct Asian and Asian American cultural worlds as quintessentially and uniformly
patriarchal and fully resistant to change. In contradistinction, mainstream white America is constructed as the
prototype of gender equality. Hence, Asian American and white American women serve in these accounts as
uniform categorical representations of the opposing forces of female oppression and egalitarianism. The
authors consider how the relational construction of hegemonic and subordinated femininities, as revealed
through controlling images that denigrate Asian forms of gender contribute to internalized oppression and
shape the doing of ethnicity.

AU: Phinney, JS Ong, AD TI: “Adolescent-parent disagreements and life satisfaction in families from
Vietnamese- and European-American backgrounds.” SO: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL
DEVELOPMENT BP: 556 EP: 561 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: NOV VL: 26 IS: 6 SUMMARY: The authors investigated
the relationship between adolescent- parent differences in the endorsement of family obligations and
adolescent life satisfaction, in families from two differing cultural backgrounds. Surveys were completed by 238
adolescents and their parents, including 135 European-American families and 103 Vietnamese-American
families. The researchers examined the relationship between discrepancies and life satisfaction and the
moderating effect of cultural background on this relationship. Results showed that adolescent-parent
discrepancies were a strong negative predictor of life satisfaction, across two groups that differ both culturally
and demographically. The effect was not moderated by cultural background.

AU: Carruthers, A TI: “The accumulation of national belonging in transnational fields: Ways of being at home in
Vietnam.” SO: IDENTITIES-GLOBAL STUDIES IN CULTURE AND POWER BP: 423 EP: 444 PG: 22 PY: 2002
PD: OCT-DEC VL: 9 IS: 4 SUMMARY: This article consists of an ethnographic, analysis of the strategies by
which overseas Vietnamese attempt to assert and accumulate legitimacy as subjects of national belonging in
Vietnam.

AU Gloria, AM Ho, TA TI “Environmental, social, and psychological experiences of Asian American
undergraduates: Examining issues of academic persistence.” SO JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND
DEVELOPMENT BP: 93 EP: 105 PG: 13 PY: 2003 PD: WIN VL: 81 IS: 1 SUMMARY: A total of 160 Asian
Americans (55 Chinese, 13 Filipino, 27 Japanese, 32 Korean, 15 Pacific Islander, and 18 Vietnamese)
completed a series of standardized instruments assessing their environmental, social, and psychological
experiences as undergraduates. The purpose of this study was threefold: to provide a composite of student
experiences; to investigate the interrelationships of comfort in the university environment, social support, and
self-beliefs; and to examine the influence of these constructs on the academic persistence decisions of Asian
American undergraduates. Overall, social support variables were the strongest predictors of academic
persistence. Research-derived implications for university personnel and professional counselors are provided.

Vietnamese History, Culture,and Language

AU: Deutsch, D TI: “The puzzle of absolute pitch.” SO: CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE
BP: 200 EP: 204 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 11 IS: 6 SUMMARY: Absolute pitch - the ability to name or
produce a note of particular pitch in the absence of a reference note - is generally considered to be extremely
rare. However, it has been found that native speakers of two different tone languages - Mandarin and
Vietnamese - display a remarkably precise form of absolute pitch in enunciating words. Given these findings, it
is proposed by the author that absolute pitch may have evolved as a feature of speech, analogous to other
features such as vowel quality. It is also conjectured that tone language speakers generally acquire this feature
the 1st year of life, in the critical period when infants acquire other features of their native language. For
speakers of non-tone languages, the acquisition of absolute pitch by rare individuals may be associated with a
critical period of unusually long duration , so that it extends to the age at which the child can begin taking music
lessons. According to this line of reasoning, the potential for acquiring absolute pitch is universal at birth, and
can be realized by giving the infant the opportunity to associate pitches with verbal labels during the 1st year or
so of life.

AU: Jameson, KA Alvarado, N TI: “Differences in color naming and color salience in Vietnamese and English.”
SO: COLOR RESEARCH AND APPLICATION BP: 113 EP: 138 PG: 26 PY: 2003 PD: APR VL: 28 IS: 2
SUMMARY: The accepted model of color naming postulates that 11 "basic" color terms representing 11
common perceptual experiences show increased processing salience due to a theorized linkage between
perception, visual neurophysiology, and cognition. The authors tested this theory, originally proposed by Berlin
and Kay in 1969. The study tested salience by comparing unconstrained color naming across two languages,
English and Vietnamese.

AU: Quan, VH Trung, PN Ha, NDH Tin, LT Kiem, H Nguyen, AH TI: “A generic approach for the Vietnamese
handwritten and speech recognition problems.” SO: DEVELOPMENTS IN APPLIED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE,
PROCEEDINGS BP: 47 EP: 56 PG: 10 PY: 2002 VL: 2358 SUMMARY: In this paper, the authors propose an
approach based on HMM and linguistics for the Vietnamese recognition problem, including handwritten and
speech recognition. They suggest that their posited method could be used to model all Vietnamese isolated
words by a small number of HMMs.

AU: Richards, D TI: “Gom-Hoa-Lam Viet-Nam - Vietnamese blue and white ceramics.” SO: ARTS OF ASIA BP:
128 EP: 130 PG: 3 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Proschan, F TI: “Eunuch mandarins, Soldats mamzelles, effeminate boys, and graceless women - French
colonial constructions of Vietnamese genders.” SO: GLQ-A JOURNAL OF LESBIAN AND GAY STUDIES BP: 435
EP: 467 PG: 33 PY: 2002 VL: 8 IS: 4 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

Issues in Contemporary Vietnam and Recent Vietnamese History

AU: Hirschman, C Minh, NH TI: “Tradition and change in Vietnamese family structure in the Red River Delta.”
SO JOURNAL OF MARRIAGE AND THE FAMILY BP: 1063 EP: 1079 PG: 17 PY: 2002 PD: NOV VL: 64 IS: 4
SUMMARY: One of the key features of Vietnamese family organization is patrilocality-the preference of married
couples to coreside with the husband's parents. With data drawn from a retrospective survey of persons in
1,855 households in the largest province in the Red River Delta in northern Vietnam, the authors’ found that
more than 75% of married respondents reported having lived with the grooms' family after marriage. The
proportion of newly married couples that follow the patrilocal custom appears to have increased in recent
decades, although the average duration of coresidence has declined. Some aspects of modernization,
especially nonagricultural occupations and later age at marriage, contribute to a lower incidence of
intergenerational coresidence, but the underlying cultural preference to live with the grooms' parents
immediately after marriage appears to have become stronger in Vietnam.

AU: Nghiem, HS Coelli, T TI: “The effect of incentive reforms upon productivity: Evidence from the Vietnamese
rice industry.” SO: JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES BP: 74 EP: 93 PG: 20 PY: 2002 PD: OCT VL: 39 IS:
1 SUMMARY: In this study, the authors use region-level panel data on rice production in Vietnam to investigate
total factor productivity (TFP) growth in the period since reunification in 1975. Two significant reforms were
introduced during this period, one in 1981 allowing farmers to keep part of their produce, and another in 1987
providing improved land tenure. We measure TFP growth using two modified forms of the standard Malmquist
data envelopment analysis (DEA) method, which we have named the Three-year-window (TYW) and the Full
Cumulative (FC) methods. We have developed these methods to deal with degrees of freedom limitations. Our
empirical results indicate strong average TFP growth of between 3.3 and 3.5 per cent per annum, with the
fastest growth observed in the period following the first reform. Our results support the assertion that incentive
related issues have played a large role in the decline and subsequent resurgence of Vietnamese agriculture.

AU Minh, HNT Kawaguchi, T TI “Overview of the rice production system in the Mekong Delta-Vietnam.” SO
JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE KYUSHU UNIVERSITY BP: 221 EP: 231 PG: 11 PY: 2002 PD:
OCT VL: 47 IS: 1 SUMMARY: This article notes that rice production is of major importance to Vietnam. It
concerns 70% of the labor force, the country holds at present around 10% of world rice market. Half of
production and 70% of exported rice come from the Mekong Delta. Since the end of the decade of 80s, Vietnam
has changed its economic policy to market-oriented economy and has got a rapid economic growth, particularly
rice production has gained important achievements. From a food- deficit country, Vietnam becomes the second
largest rice exporters in the world (since 1996, over 3 million tons per year has been exported). However,
nowadays, rice production faces a lot of difficulties such as natural disasters, fluctuation of input and output
prices, low export price, small farm scale, lack of capital, degraded equipment for pre- and post-harvesting.
Furthermore, the fluctuation of price in the world market directly influences rice production in Mekong Delta.

AU: Vu, TPT Yokogawa, H Nguyen, MD Nguyen, TMH TI: “The economic issues of agricultural natural resources
and environment in Vietnam.” SO: JOURNAL OF THE FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE KYUSHU UNIVERSITY BP:
501 EP: 514 PG: 14 PY: 2002 PD: FEB VL: 46 IS: 2 SUMMARY: This article observes that the Vietnamese
economy has undergone great changes in the last two decades, particularly since the implementation of the
"doi moi" (renovation) reform in 1986. Positive achievements include the national GDP growth rate of 7.8% and
agricultural GDP growth rate of 5.4% per annum, the increase of foreign investment and improvement of
people's living standard. However, like many other developing countries, Vietnam is currently facing serious
problems because of the degradation of its naturals resources and resulting decline in environmental quality.
Water and air pollution, deforestation, degradation of land resources, soil erosion, over-exploitation of natural
resource, threats to ecosystems and depletion of genetic resources are among the most alarming challenges

AU: Sikor, T Truong, DM TI: “Agricultural policy and land use changes in a Black Thai commune of Northern
Vietnam, 1952-1997.” SO: MOUNTAIN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BP: 248 EP: 255 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD:
AUG VL: 22 IS: 3 SUMMARY: Vietnamese agricultural policy has changed radically during the past 5 decades.
Decollectivization in the 1980s and 1990s followed 2 decades of collective agriculture. This article examines the
effects of agricultural policy on land use. It reports the results of remote image interpretation and
socioeconomic field study in a Black Thai commune in Vietnam's northern mountains. It suggests that the
landscape in the commune has been highly dynamic and that this dynamism was partly the result of the
agricultural policy. Collectivization and decollectivization affected land use, but their influence was mediated by
other factors, primarily changing technology and markets. In addition, the relationship between national policy
and local land use is complicated by 2 factors: (1) changes in local institutions may predate national reforms,
and (2) implementation of national policy and the resulting local institutions may differ from place to place.

Health and Medicine

AU: Le, GM Gomez, SL Clarke, CA Glaser, SL West, DW TI: “Cancer incidence patterns among Vietnamese in
the United States and Ha Noi, Vietnam.” SO: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER BP: 412 EP: 417 PG: 6
PY: 2002 PD: DEC 1 VL: 102 IS: 4 SUMMARY: Despite the rapid growth of the U.S. Vietnamese population, little
is known about cancer incidence in this migrant group. Using population- based data from the Surveillance,
Epidemiology and End Results program, California Cancer Registry and International Agency for Research on
Cancer, we compared cancer incidence rates for Vietnamese in the United States (1988-1992) to rates for
residents of Ha Noi, Vietnam (1991-1993); non-Hispanic whites were included to serve as the U.S. reference
rates. Lung and breast cancers were the most common among Vietnamese males and females, respectively,
regardless of geographic region. Rates of cancers more common to U.S. whites, such as breast, prostate and
colon cancers, were elevated for U.S. Vietnamese compared to residents in Ha Noi but still lower than rates for
U.S. whites. Rates of cancers more common to Asian countries, such as stomach, liver, lung and cervical
cancers, were likewise elevated for U.S. Vietnamese compared to residents of Ha Noi and exceeded
corresponding rates for whites. Incidence patterns for stomach, liver, lung and cervical cancers may reflect
increased risk of exposures in this migrant population and should be further explored to uncover the relative
contributions of environmental and genetic factors to cancer etiology.

AU: McKelvey, RS Sang, DL Baldassar, L Davies, L Roberts, L Cutler, N TI: “The prevalence of psychiatric
disorders among Vietnamese children and adolescents.” SO: MEDICAL JOURNAL OF AUSTRALIA BP: 413 EP:
417 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: OCT 21 VL: 177 IS: 8 SUMMARY: This study assesses the prevalence of psychiatric
disorders among Vietnamese children and adolescents living in Perth, Western Australia.

AU: Chung, RCY Bemak, F TI “Revisiting the California Southeast Asian Mental Health Needs Assessment data:
An examination of refugee ethnic and gender differences.” SO: JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND
DEVELOPMENT BP: 111 EP: 119 PG 9 PY: 2002 PD: WIN VL: 80 IS: 1 SUMMARY: This study examined the
ethnic and gender differences in the levels and predictors of distress among Vietnamese (N = 867), Cambodian
(N = 590) and Laotian (N = 723) refugees. The findings showed that for all 3 groups, refugee women reported a
significantly higher level of psychological distress than their male counterparts. Although there were similarities
in the predictors of distress among refugee women and men, the results also found significant gender
differences within and between the different cultural groups. Implications for counseling practice and research
are discussed in light of the findings.

AU:Nguyen, TT McPhee, SJ Nguyen, T Lam, T Mock, J TI: “Predictors of cervical Pap smear screening
awareness, intention, and receipt among Vietnamese-American women.” SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE SUMMARY BP: 207 EP: 214 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: OCT VL: 23 IS: 3 SUMMARY:
Compared with white women, Vietnamese women in the United States have a higher rate of cervical cancer and
lower Papanicolau (Pap) test utilization. The authors evaluated factors associated with awareness of the Pap
test, intention to obtain it, and its receipt in Vietnamese-American women.

AU: Steel, Z Silove, D Phan, T Bauman, A TI: “Long-term effect of psychological trauma on the mental health of
Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia: a population- based study.” SO: LANCET BP: 1056 EP: 1062 PG: 7
PY: 2002 PD: OCT 5 VL: 360 IS: 9339 SUMMARY: What are the deleterious effects of mass trauma on the
psychological wellbeing of refugees and other war-affected populations? Most epidemiological data are for
short-to-medium term effects, leaving the possibility that early psychological reactions could reduce naturally
over time. The authors of this study assess the long-term effects of trauma on mental health and disability in
Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia.

AU: Maher, L Sargent, PL TI: “Risk behaviours and hepatitis C infection among Indo-Chinese initiates to
injecting drug use in Sydney, Australia.” SO: ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY BP: 535 EP: 544 PG: 10 PY:
2002 PD: DEC VL: 10 IS: 6 SUMMARY: To determine the prevalence of risk behaviours and hepatitis C
infection among Cambodian, Lao and Vietnamese initiates to heroin use serni-structured interviews were
conducted with Indo-Chinese heroin users (n=60) in Cabramatta, a suburb of South West Sydney, Australia.

AU: Thang, NM Anh, DN TI: “Accessibility and use of contraceptives in Vietnam.” SO: INTERNATIONAL FAMILY
PLANNING PERSPECTIVES BP: 214 EP: 219 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 28 IS: 4 SUMMARY: Accessibility of
contraceptives is an important factor in the use of family planning. Because contraceptive access in Vietnam
varies sizably by region and because one method (the IUD) predominates in Vietnam's contraceptive method
mix, a better understanding of the accessibility of family planning services in the country could help program
planners increase use. The authors used data from the 1997 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey on
5,310 currently married women of reproductive age to examine factors related to the accessibility of family
planning services in the country.

AU: Liamputtong, P Watson, L TI: “The voices and concerns about prenatal testing of Cambodian, Lao and
Vietnamese women in Australia.” SO: MIDWIFERY BP: 304 EP: 313 PG: 10 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 18 IS: 4
SUMMARY: This study examines how Cambodian, Lao and Vietnamese women experience prenatal testing and
assesses their knowledge and communication with health-care providers in Melbourne, Australia.

AU: Small, R Yelland, J Lumley, J Brown, S Liamputtong, P TI: “Immigrant women's views about care during
labor and birth: An Australian study of Vietnamese, Turkish, and Filipino women.” SO: BIRTH-ISSUES IN
PERINATAL CARE BP: 266 EP: 277 PG: 12 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 29 IS: 4 SUMMARY: This paper examines
the views of three groups of immigrant women (including Vietnamese) about the care they received in the
hospital for the birth of their babies and compares the findings with a population-based statewide survey.

AU: Ngo-Metzger, Q Massagli, MP Clarridge, BR Manocchia, M Davis, RB Iezzoni, LI Phillips, RS TI: “Linguistic
and cultural barriers to care.” SO: JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE BP: 44 EP: 52 PG: 9 PY:
2003 PD: JAN VL: 18 IS: 1 SUMMARY: This study examines factors contributing to the quality of health care
services from the perspective of Chinese- and Vietnamese-American patients with limited English language
skills.

AU: Hop, LT Khan, NC TI: “Malnutrition and poverty alleviation in Vietnam during the last period 1985-2000.”
BP: S331 EP: S334 PG: 4 PY: 2002 VL: 11 SUMMARY: This paper assesses the trends in undernutrition and
the achievements of poverty reduction in Vietnam over the past 2 decades.

AU: Chien, VC Chai, SK Hai, DN Takaro, T Checkoway, H Keifer, M Son, PH Van Trung, L Barnhart, S TI:
“Pneumoconiosis among workers in a Vietnamese refractory brick facility.” SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE BP: 397 EP: 402 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: NOV VL: 42 IS: 5 SUMMARY: Vietnam is a rapidly
industrializing country with increasing needs for building materials, including refractory bricks. The manufacture
of refractory bricks results in high levels of free silica, a recognized occupational hazard. Methods A cross-
sectional survey was conducted among 158 employees using a respiratory symptom questionnaire and ILO
classification of radiographs for pneumoconiosis.

AU: Graham, SM TI: “Salmonellosis in children in developing and developed countries and populations.” SO:
CURRENT OPINION IN INFECTIOUS DISEASES BP: 507 EP: 512 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: OCT VL: 15 IS: 5
SUMMARY: This article addresses recent developments that relate to the clinical management and prevention
of childhood salmonellosis in developed and developing countries. Recent findings Invasive disease due to
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi as well as nontyphoidal salmonellae (NTS) is common in children younger
than 5 years old in developing countries, and multidrug resistance is an increasingly difficult problem to
manage. A new conjugate vaccine was found to be very effective in preventing typhoid fever in young
Vietnamese children and was well tolerated, showing great promise for the future.

AU: Chu, BB Lawson, D Naughton, G TI: “Validation of the Computer Science and Applications (CSA) activity
monitor as an objective measure of activity energy expenditure in Vietnamese adolescents.” SO: PEDIATRIC
EXERCISE SCIENCE BP: 56 EP: 66 PG: 11 PY: 2003 PD: FEB VL: 15 IS: 1 SUMMARY: This study considered
the validation of the Computer Science Applications (CSA) activity monitor (model 7164) for predicting activity
energy expenditure (EE). A group of 34 Vietnamese adolescents (aged I I to 15) performed three 5-minute
treadmill trials at 4.5, 6.6, and 8.8 km.h(-1). Mean activity counts and heart rate (HR) were significantly changed
with the three-speed trials (p > 0.05).

AU: Sam, DL Virta, E TI: “Intergenerational value discrepancies in immigrant and host- national families and
their impact on psychological adaptation.” SO: JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENCE BP: 213 EP: 231 PG: 19 PY:
2003 PD: APR VL: 26 IS: 2 SUMMARY: This study investigated the relationship between intergenerational value
discrepancies and psychological adaptation among adolescents with immigrant background including
Vietnamese (mean age = 15.5 years) in Norway and Sweden. Results from two cohorts (parents and their
children) of immigrant and host- national families in the two countries (n = 574) indicated that immigrant
adolescents on the whole neither differed from their host peers with respect to psychological adaptation nor on
value discrepancies. Value discrepancies were weakly related to psychological adaptation.

AU: Nam, NH Kim, HM Bae, KH Ahn, BZ TI: “Inhibitory effects of Vietnamese medicinal plants on tube-like
formation of human umbilical venous cells.” SO: PHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH BP: 107 EP: 111 PG: 5 PY:
2003 PD: FEB VL: 17 IS: 2 SUMMARY: This study found that seven of 58 plant materials from Vietnamese
medicinal plants showed strong to moderate inhibitory activity on the tube-like formation induced by human
umbilical venous endothelial cells in the in vitro angiogenesis assay. These plant materials include the herb of
Ephedra sinica, leaves and stem of Ceiba pentandra, seed of Coix lachryma-jobi, rhizome of Drynaria fortunei,
fruits and stem of Illicium verum and stem of Bombax ceiba. Of these, the methanol extracts of the herb of
Ephedra sinica and stem of Ceiba pentandra exhibited the strongest activities with inhibition percentages of
89.3% and 87.5% at 30 and 100 mug/mL, respectively.

AU: Mira, MT Alcais, A Van Thuc, N Thai, VH Huong, NT Ba, NN Verner, A Hudson, TJ Abel, L Schurr, E TI:
“Chromosome 6q25 is linked to susceptibility to leprosy in a Vietnamese population.” SO: NATURE GENETICS
BP: 412 EP: 415 PG: 4 PY: 2003 PD: MAR VL: 33 IS 3 SUMMARY: The authors of this article report on a
genome-wide search for loci controlling susceptibility to leprosy per se in a panel of 86 families including 205
siblings affected with leprosy from Southern Vietnam.

AU: Thu, TP Nguyen, NX Lan, LT Kuchle, M TI: “Ocular Angiostrongylus cantonensis in a female vietnamese
patient: Case report.” SO: KLINISCHE MONATSBLATTER FUR AUGENHEILKUNDE BP: 892 EP: 895 PG: 4 PY
2002 PD: DEC VL: 219 IS: 12 SUMMARY: Angiostrongylus cantonensis is largely responsible for human cases
of eosinophilic meningitis and meningoencephalitis in the South Pacific and South-East Asia regions. Ocular
manifestations of angiostrongylis are relatively rare. The authors of this study report on intraocular infestation
and its successful removal from the anterior chamber of a patient in Vietnam.

AU: Lan, TPD Okitsu, S Nishio, O Pham, DT Nguyen, DH Ushijima, H TI: “Epidemiological features of rotavirus
infection among hospitalized children with gastroenteristis in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.” SO: JOURNAL OF
MEDICAL VIROLOGY BP: 588 EP: 594 PG: 7 PY: 2003 PD: APR VL: 69 IS: 4 SUMMARY: An epidemiological
study of the G serotype and P genotype distribution of group A rotaviruses by using ELISA and/or RT- PCR that
was conducted in children (aged 1 month to 15 years) that were admitted to the General Children's Hospital No.
1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam from December 1999 to November 2000.

AU: Ha, NT Chau, HM Cung, LX Thanh, TK Fujiki, K Murakami, A Kanai, A TI: A novel mutation of M1S1 gene
found in a Vietnamese patient with gelatinous droplike corneal dystrophy SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF
OPHTHALMOLOGY BP: 390 EP: 393 PG: 4 PY: 2003 PD: MAR VL: 135 IS: 3 SUMMARY: To identify the genetic
defect in the M1S1 gene responsible for gelatinous droplike corneal dystrophy (GDLD) in a Vietnamese family,
blood samples were collected from a patient and the unaffected members of a GDLD-affected family. Fifty
normal unrelated subjects of Vietnamese origin were used as controls. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood
leukocytes. DNA analysis of the M1S1 gene was performed using polymerase chain reaction and direct
sequencing.

AU: Chng, CL Wong, FY Park, RJ Edberg, MC Lai, DS TI: “A model for understanding sexual health among
Asian American/Pacific islander men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States.” SO: AIDS
EDUCATION AND PREVENTION BP: 21 EP: 38 PG: 18 PY: 2003 PD: FEB VL: 15 IS: 1 SUMMARY: The authors
postulate a model to understand sexual health among Asian American/Pacific Islander men. The model first
locates the dynamic process in the home country, with its prevailing cultural norms including sexual mores,
shame or stigma, sexual attitudes, sexual behavior, and drug use/abuse. Second, these cultural norms are
modified by the migration/immigration experience. Third, these norms, beliefs, and practices are continually
influenced by the process of acculturation as these men try to adjust to life in the United States. The effects of
the first two domains may vary by the degree to which a particular immigrant community remains socially and
culturally insulated from the mainstream community. Conceivably, the effect of home country and
migration/immigration would be less significant for those who were either very young at the time of immigration
or are born in the United States.

AU: Matsuhisa, TM Yamada, NY Kato, SK Matsukura, NM TI: “Helicobacter pylori infection, mucosal atrophy and
intestinal metaplasia in Asian populations: A comparative study in age-, gender- and endoscopic diagnosis-
matched subjects.” SO: HELICOBACTER BP: 29 EP: 35 PG: 7 PY: 2003 PD: FEB VL: 8 IS: 1 SUMMARY: It is
known that the incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer is high among Japanese and Chinese populations,
but extremely low in Thai and Vietnamese populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence
of Helicobacter pylori infection and the differences in the glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia scores in
stomach specimens of Asian adult subjects of different ethnicities.

AU: Song, LH Binh, VQ Duy, DN Juliger, S Bock, TC Luty, AJF Kremsner, PG Kun, JFJ TI: “Mannose-binding
lectin gene polymorphisms and hepatitis B virus infection in Vietnamese patients.” SO: MUTATION RESEARCH-
FUNDAMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF MUTAGENESIS BP: 119 EP: 125 PG: 7 PY: 2003 PD:
JAN 28 VL: 522 IS: 1-2 SUMMARY: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is a constituent of the human innate immune
system which may play an important role in combating a variety of infectious diseases. The authors investigated
the distribution of MBL gene mutations in a Vietnamese population, using polymerase chain reaction and DNA
sequence analysis, and sought associations with the outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.

AU: Dung, NM Kneen, R Kiem, N Bethell, DB Phu, NH Solomon, T Chan, TTH Hoang, NT Day, NPJ White, NJ TI:
Treatment of severe diphtheritic myocarditis by temporary insertion of a cardiac pacemaker SO: CLINICAL
INFECTIOUS DISEASES BP: 1425 EP: 1429 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: DEC 1 VL: 35 IS: 11 SUMMARY: For the
purposes of this study, Vietnamese children and adolescents with diphtheritic myocarditis and severe
conduction abnormalities were treated prospectively with temporary insertion of a cardiac pacemaker. Five of
32 patients died before the procedure could be performed, the remaining 27 patients underwent successful
pacemaker insertion. In children and adolescents with diphtheritic myocarditis and severe conduction defects,
temporary insertion of a cardiac pacemaker may improve the outcome.

AU: Lai, PS Takeshima, Y Adachi, K van Tran, K Nguyen, HT Low, PS Matsuo, M TI: “Comparative study on
deletions of the dystrophin gene in three Asian populations.” SO: JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS BP: 552 EP:
555 PG: 4 PY: 2002 VL: 47 IS: 10 SUMMARY: The frequency and distribution of deletions of 19 deletion- prone
exons clustered in two hot spots in the proximal and central regions of the dystrophin gene were compared in
three populations from Singaporean, Japan, and Vietnam. DNA samples obtained from 105 Singaporean, 86
Japanese, and 34 Vietnamese Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients were examined by polymerase chain
reaction amplification.

AU: Huong, CTT Untoro, J Schultink, W Khan, NC Khoi, HH TI: “Efficacy of multi-micronutrient supplementation
as compared to iron-folic supplementation in Vietnamese pregnant women.” SO: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION BP:
7 PG 1 PY: 2002 PD: SEP VL: 132 IS: 9 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Thwaites, GE Chau, TTH Caws, M Phu, NH Chuong, LV Sinh, DX Drobniewski, F White, NJ Parry, CM
Farrar, JJ TI: Isoniazid resistance, mycobacterial genotype and outcome in Vietnamese adults with tuberculous
meningitis SO: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE BP: 865 EP: 871 PG: 7
PY: 2002 PD: OCT VL: 6 IS: 10 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Thu, BD Khan, NC Khoi, HH Schultink, W TI: “Weekly compared to daily multi supplemetation of iron, vitamin
a and zinc in Vietnamese children of 6-24 months.” SO: JOURNAL OF NUTRITION BP: 8 PG: 1 PY: 2002 PD:
SEP VL: 132 IS: 9 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Katelaris, PH Ha, VM Robertson, G Nguyen, TV TI: “Marked increase in erosive oesophagitis in Vietnamese
migrants to Australia compared with indigenous Vietnamese, despite identical H-pylori prevalence.” SO: GUT
BP: 1116 PG: 1 PY: 2002 PD: SEP VL: 51 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Shahidi-Asl, M Kirkley, KC Kao, YS TI: “Anti-D antibody in the serum of an Rh-positive Vietnamese woman.”
SO: LABORATORY MEDICINE BP: 46 EP: 48 PG: 3 PY: 2003 PD: JAN VL: 34 IS: 1 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Hollander, D TI: “Vietnamese women with symptoms of reproductive tract infections often forgo care or treat
themselves.” SO: INTERNATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING PERSPECTIVES BP: 180 EP: 180 PG: 1 PY: 2002 PD:
SEP VL: 28 IS: 3 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU Svasti, MLS Hieu, TM Munkongdee, T Winichagoon, P Van Be, T Van Binh, T Fucharoen, S TI Molecular
analysis of beta-thalassemia in South Vietnam SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HEMATOLOGY BP: 85 EP: 88
PG: 4 PY: 2002 PD: OCT VL: 71 IS: 2 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Busson, M Trieu, AV Labelle, R Pham-Van, K Ho-Quang, H Bouteiller, AM Bleux, H Charron, D Hors, J TI
“HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 allele distribution in the Muong population exposed to malaria in Vietnam.” SO: TISSUE
ANTIGENS BP: 470 EP: 474 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: JUN VL: 59 IS: 6 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

CAMBODIAN STUDIES

AU: Lim, KV Heiby, E Brislin, R Griffin, B TI: “The development of the Khmer acculturation scale.” SO
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS BP: 653 EP: 678 PG: 26 PY: 2002 PD: NOV VL:
26 IS: 6. SUMMARY: The purpose of this investigation was to develop a multidimensional, culture-specific
acculturation measure, the Khmer acculturation scale (KAS), for use with Cambodians living in the United States.

AU: Tu, SP Yasui, Y Kuniyuki, A Schwartz, SM Jackson, JC Taylor, VM TI: “Breast cancer screening: stages of
adoption among Cambodian American women.” SO: CANCER DETECTION AND PREVENTION BP: 33 EP: 41
PG: 9 PY: 2002 VL: 26 IS: 1 SUMMARY: Little information is available on the breast cancer screening behavior
of Cambodian American women. The authors identified households from multiple sources using Cambodian
surnames and conducted a cross-sectional survey, administered by bilingual and bicultural interviewers. Breast
cancer screening stages of adoption were examined based on concepts from the transtheoretical model of
behavioral change.

AU: Taylor, VM Jackson, JC Yasui, Y Kuniyuki, A Acorda, E Marchand, A Schwartz, SM Tu, SP Thompson, B TI:
“Evaluation of an outreach intervention to promote cervical cancer screening among Cambodian American
women.” BP: 320 EP: 327 PG: 8 PY: 2002 VL: 26 IS: 4 SUMMARY: Southeast Asian women have low levels of
Papanicolaou (Pap) testing participation. The authors conducted a group- randomized controlled trial to
evaluate a cervical cancer screening intervention program targeting Seattle's Cambodian refugee community.

AU: Kim, RY TI: “Ethnic differences in academic achievement between Vietnamese and Cambodian children:
Cultural and structural explanations.” SO: SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY BP: 213 EP: 235 PG: 23 PY: 2002 PD:
SPR VL: 43 IS: 2 SUMMARY: See above.

AU: Simms, L Chorn-Pond, A TI: “Between tigers and crocodiles - An interview with Arn Chorn- Pond (On
traditional Cambodian music after the Khmer Rouge).” SO: PARABOLA-MYTH TRADITION AND THE SEARCH
FOR MEANING BP: 24 EP: 31 PG: 8 PY: 2002 PD: WIN VL: 27 IS: 4 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Bishop, P Penny, D Stark, M Scott, M TI: “A 3.5 ka record of paleoenvironments and human occupation at
Angkor Borei, Mekong Delta, southern Cambodia.” SO: GEOARCHAEOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL
BP: 359 EP: 393 PG: 35 PY: 2003 PD: MAR VL: 18 IS: 3 SUMMARY: Microfossil and sedimentological data from
a 3.1 m core extracted from a reservoir (baray) at the ancient Cambodian settlement of Angkor Borei in the
Mekong Delta have provided a continuous record of sedimentation and paleoenvironments dating from about
2000 cal yr B.C. Palynological data indicate that for much of the cal. 1st and 2nd millennia B.C. mangroves
dominated the regional vegetation, while extensively and regularly burnt grasslands dominated the local
vegetation. Turbid, nutrient-rich standing water characterized the core locality, perhaps suggesting a
connection with rivers in the area. An abrupt change during the cal. 5th to 6th centuries A.D. involved a
dramatic reduction in grasslands and the expansion of secondary forest or re-growth taxa.

AU: Hughes, C TI: “International intervention and the people's will - The demoralization of democracy in
Cambodia.” SO CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES BP: 539 EP: 562 PG: 24 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 34 IS: 4 SUMMARY:
This article examines the deterioration in relations between two Cambodian opposition parties and the
"international community" from whom they sought support during the 1998 Cambodian elections. It is suggested
that the manipulation, by influential political actors, of internationally promoted political concepts such as
"democracy," "sovereignty," and "the people's will" is problematic for mutual understanding between
international and local political actors.

AU: Jarvis, H TI: “Trials and tribulations - The latest twists in the long quest for justice for the Cambodian
genocide.” SO: CRITICAL ASIAN STUDIES BP: 607 EP: 621 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Ngoc-Linh, H Minh-Thong, T Sao-Trung, N Truong-Minh-Ky, E Vuong, PN TI: “Nasal-pharyngeal
rhinosporidosis mimicking an angiofibroma in a Cambodian adolescent.” SO: PRESSE MEDICALE BP: 27 EP:
27 PG: 1 PY: 2003 PD: JAN 11 VL: 32 IS: 1 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Denis, MB Davis, TME Hewitt, S Incardona, S Nimol, K Fandeur, T Poravuth, Y Lim, C Socheat, D TI:
“Efficacy and safety of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (Artekin) in Cambodian children and adults with
uncomplicated falciparum malaria.” SO: CLINICAL INFECTIOUS DISEASES BP: 1469 EP: 1476 PG: 8 PY: 2002
PD: DEC 15 VL: 35 IS: 12 SUMMARY: The safety and efficacy of a novel combination of dihydroartemisinin
(DHA) and piperaquine, Artekin (Holleykin Pharmaceuticals), were assessed in 106 patients (76 children and 30
adults) with uncomplicated falciparum malaria from 2 remote areas in Cambodia.

AU: Dugis, V TI: “Indonesia's role in the resolution of the Cambodian problem.” SO: AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF
POLITICAL SCIENCE BP: 588 EP: 589 PG: 2 PY: 2002 PD: NOV VL: 37 IS: 3 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Mollica, RF Henderson, DC Tor, S TI: “Psychiatric effects of traumatic brain injury events in Cambodian
survivors of mass violence.” SO: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY BP: 339 EP: 347 PG: 9 PY: 2002 PD:
OCT VL: 181 SUMMARY: This study examines the association between traumatic brain injury events and
psychiatric symptoms of major depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Cambodian survivors of
mass violence.

AU: Skilton-Sylvester, E TI: “Should I stay or should I go? Investigating Cambodian women's participation and
investment in adult ESL programs.” SO: ADULT EDUCATION QUARTERLY BP: 9 EP: 26 PG: 18 PY: 2002 PD:
NOV VL: 53 IS: 1 SUMMARY: Drawing on the work of Norton Peirce, the author argues that traditional views of
adult motivation and participation are limited because they do not address the complex relationships among
adult learners' identities, the social contexts of their daily lives, the classroom context, and investment in
teaming English. By focusing on the lived experiences of four Cambodian women, this research suggests the
value of investigating the variety and commonality of adult experience within a single ethnolinguistic group. The
findings go beyond social identity to address issues of cultural identity relevant to understanding participation in
adult English-as-a-Second- Language (ESL) programs. This analysis shows how shifting identities of these
women at home and as current or future workers, and the ways these identities are connected to the work of
the classroom, have much to do with their investment in participating in particular adult ESL programs.

AU: White, PM TI: “Crossing the river: Khmer women's perceptions of pregnancy and postpartum.” SO:
JOURNAL OF MIDWIFERY & WOMENS HEALTH BP: 239 EP: 246 PG: 8 2002 PD: JUL-AUG VL: 47 IS: 4
SUMMARY: In Cambodia, a setting of high maternal mortality, little is known about cultural perceptions of
pregnancy. Often, cultural perceptions of what is considered normal or problematic guide a woman's decision to
seek care. In some settings, the difference between the emic, or cultural insider's perception, and the
biomedical perception of what is a serious obstetrical problem may delay lifesaving care. A qualitative study was
undertaken to describe an emic perspective of what Khmer women view as normal and view as complications
during pregnancy, birth, and postpartum.

AU: Taylor, VM Jackson, JC Chan, N Kuniyuki, A Yasui, Y TI: “Hepatitis B knowledge and practices among
Cambodian American women in Seattle, Washington.” SO: JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH BP 151 EP 163
PG 13 PY: 2002 PD: JUN VL: 27 IS: 3 SUMMARY: Southeast Asians have higher liver cancer rates than any
other racial/ethnic group in the US, Approximately 80 percent of liver cancers are etiologically associated with
hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is endemic in Southeast Asia. An in-person survey of Cambodian women
(n = 320) was conducted in Seattle, Washington, during 1999. The questionnaire included items about HBV
knowledge, beliefs, and practices.

AU: Lay, S TI: “When broken glass floats: Growing up under the Khmer Rouge.” SO: AMERASIA JOURNAL BP:
171 EP: 182 PG: 12 PY: 2001 VL: 27 IS: 2 NO SUMMARYAVAILABLE:

AU: Reichart, PA Schmidtberg, W Samaranayake, LP Scheifele, C TI: “Betel quid-associated oral lesions and
oral Candida species in a female Cambodian cohort.” SO: JOURNAL OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE BP
468 EP: 472 PG: 5 PY: 2002 PD: SEP VL: 31 IS: 8 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

AU: Roveda, V TI: “Khmer visual narrative.” SO: MUSEUM INTERNATIONAL BP: 44 EP: 49 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD:
MAY VL: 54 IS: 1-2. NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

LAO STUDIES

AU: Paphassarang, C Philavong, K Boupha, B Blas, E TI: “Equity, privatization and cost recovery in urban
health care: the case of Lao PDR.” SO: HEALTH POLICY AND PLANNING BP: 72 EP: 84 PG: 13 PY: 2002 PD:
DEC VL: 17 SU: 1 SUMMARY: Along with the shift from a planned to market-oriented economy, as in many
other developing countries, Lao PDR has promoted health care partnerships with the private sector, and cost
recovery in public hospitals, to increase resources in the public sector, while at the same time attempting to
ensure appropriate access to health care for those without means to pay. In a multi-case design, this study
compares two neighbourhoods of different socioeconomic status comprising 10 households, representing
urban districts in three provinces.

AU: Liamputtong, P Watson, L TI: “The voices and concerns about prenatal testing of Cambodian, Lao and
Vietnamese women in Australia.” SO: MIDWIFERY BP: 304 EP: 313 PG: 10 PY: 2002 PD: DEC VL: 18 IS: 4
SUMMARY: SEE ABOVE.

AU: Laras, K Van, CB Bounlu, K Tien, NTK Olson, JG Thongchanh, S Van Anh, TN Loan, HK Punjabi, N Khiem,
HB An, US Insisiengmay, S Watts, DM Beecham, HJ Corwin, AL TI: “The importance of leptospirosis in
Southeast Asia.” SO: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE BP: 278 EP: 286 PG: 9
PY: 2002 PD: SEP VL: 67 IS: 3 SUMMARY: The importance of leptospirosis in Southeast Asia was assessed in
conjunction with other studies supported by the U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2 (US NAMRU-2).
Jakarta. Republic of Indonesia. These included studies of hospital-based, acute clinical jaundice in Indonesia.
Lao PDR. and Socialist Republic of Vietnam: nonmalarial fever in Indonesia and hemorrhagic fever in
Cambodia. Background prevalence estimates of leptospiral infection were obtained by a cross-sectional,
community-based study in the Lao PDR.

AU: Heong, KL Escalada, MM Sengsoulivong, V Schiller, J TI: “Insect management beliefs and practices of rice
farmers in Laos.” SO: AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT BP: 137 EP: 145 PG: 9 PY: 2002 PD:
NOV VL: 92 IS: 2-3 SUMMARY: Insecticide use in Laos is low, although there is an indication of recent increase.
Chemicals hazardous to human health, namely methyl parathion and monocrotophos, are still commonly used.
Farmers' beliefs and attitudes towards insects and insecticide use are similar to other Asian countries. Most
farmers strongly believe that insects decrease production and have to be controlled with insecticides. A social
psychology framework was used to analyse farmers' beliefs and norms. Farmers' spray frequencies were
correlated with both the belief and norm indices, implying that farmers' spray decisions are influenced by these
two components. Norm influences seem to be more dominant suggesting that farmers' perceptions of what
referent groups expected of them play an important role. The agricultural technicians seem to have the highest
influence. The study showed that Lao farmers are potentially vulnerable to become victims of insecticide misuse
as in many Asian countries that implemented rice intensification programmes.

AU: Evans, TD Sengdala, K TI: “The adoption of rattan cultivation for edible shoot production in Lao PDR and
Thailand - From non timber forest product to cash crop.” SO: ECONOMIC BOTANY BP: 147 EP: 153 PG: 7 PY:
2002 PD: SUM VL: 56 IS: 2 SUMMARY: Edible shoots of rattans are traditionally viewed as non timber forest
products. However, in Thailand and Lao PDR (Laos) several shoot-bearing species have recently been
adopted as crop plants. This new industry is little known outside the region. A description is given of the
process of adoption and the characteristics of the species involved, focussing on Calamus tenuis Roxb., the
main species planted in Laos. Likely factors triggering domestication and some probable future developments
are outlined, It is suggested that other wild species in the region are also likely to be suitable for domestication,
and that this example lends weight to arguments in favor of conserving wild species. The implications of market
competition between wild-harvested and farm-grown shoots are discussed.

AU: De Silva, S Saykao, P Kelly, H MacIntyre, CR Ryan, N Leydon, J Biggs, BA TI: “Chronic Strongyloides
stercoralis infection in Laotian immigrants and refugees 7-20 years after resettlement in Australia” BP: 439 EP:
444 PG: 6 PY: 2002 PD: JUN VL: 128 IS: 3 SUMMARY: During the period 1974 91 large numbers of Southeast
Asian immigrants and refugees were resettled in Western countries, including Australia. Health screening
during this period demonstrated that intestinal parasite infections were common. A cross-sectional survey of 95
Laotian settlers who arrived in Australia on average 12 years prior to the study was conducted to determine if
chronic intestinal parasite infections were prevalent in this group.

AU: Windham, G Mitchell, P Petreas, M Lee, D Lasley, B TI “Exposure of DDT and metabolites in relation to
menstrual cycle length among Laotian immigrants.” SO: EPIDEMIOLOGY BP: 662 PG: 1 PY: 2002 PD: JUL VL:
13 IS: 4 NO SUMMARY AVAILABLE.

HMONG STUDIES

A MONTHLY ONLINE NEWSLETTER WITH UPDATES OF PUBLICATIONS IN HMONG STUDIES IS AVAILABLE
FROM THE HMONG RESOURCE CENTER IN ST. PAUL, MN AT: http://www.hmongcenter.org/hccnewsletter.html